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Assessment in Counseling: A Guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures, 5th Edition

Assessment in Counseling: A Guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures, 5th Edition

Danica G. Hays

ISBN: 978-1-119-01925-1

Nov 2014

400 pages

Select type: E-Book



Now more user-friendly than ever, while continuing the legacy of excellence that Albert Hood and Richard Johnson began, the latest version of this best-selling text updates students and clinicians on the basic principles of psychological assessment, recent changes in assessment procedures, and the most widely used tests relevant to counseling practice today. Hays walks the reader through every stage of the assessment process and provides practical tools such as bolded key terminology; chapter pretests, summaries, and review questions; self-development and reflection activities; client case examples; practitioner perspectives illustrating assessment in action; and handy tip sheets.

More than 100 assessment instruments examining intelligence, academic aptitude and achievement, career and life planning, personal interests and values, personality, and interpersonal relationships are described. Also discussed are specialized mental health assessments for substance abuse, depression, anxiety, anger, self-injury, eating disorders, suicide risk, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

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Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Author xv

Section I Foundations of Assessment in Counseling

Chapter 1 Use of Assessment in Counseling 3

Introduction to Assessment 3

Key Assessment Terms 4

Purpose of Assessment in Counseling 6

History of Assessment 9

Assessment Usage in Counseling Settings 15

Key Questions for Selecting Assessments 20

Chapter Summary 22

Review Questions 24

Chapter 2 The Assessment Process 25

Types of Assessment Methods 25

An Overview of the Assessment Process 29

Assessing the Assessment Process:

Evaluating Counseling Outcomes 37

Chapter Summary 40

Review Questions 40

Chapter 3 Ethical, Legal, and Professional Considerations in Assessment 41

Standards and Guidelines for

Evaluating Tests and Test Usage 42

Key Ethical and Legal Considerations in Assessment 47

Professional Issues in Assessment 53

Chapter Summary 56

Review Questions 57

Chapter 4 Multicultural Considerations in Assessment 59

Fairness and Cultural Bias in Assessment 60

Cultural Factors in Assessment 62

Assessment and Gender 69

Assessment and Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Variables 70

Culture-Fair Tests 74

Disability and Assessment 77

Assessment of Older Adults 80

Chapter Summary 83

Review Questions 84

Section II Basic Statistical and Measurement Considerations

Chapter 5 Measurement Concepts 87

Scales of Measurement 87

Reliability 89

Validity 96

Assessment Development 102

Chapter Summary 103

Review Questions 104

Chapter 6 Understanding and Transforming Raw Scores 105

Raw Scores 105

Measures of Central Tendency 107

Measures of Variability 109

Characteristics of Data Distributions 109

Norms and Ranks 111

Standard Scores 113

Standard Error of Measurement 116

Chapter Summary 118

Review Questions 118

Section III Initial Psychological Assessment

Chapter 7 Initial Assessment in Counseling 121

Intake Interview 122

Mental Status Examination 123

Screening Inventories 123

Suicide Risk Assessment 130

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 135

Chapter Summary 138

Review Questions 139

Chapter 8 Substance Abuse and Mental Health Assessment 141

Prevalence of Mental Disorders 142

Assessment of Alcohol Abuse 143

Assessment of Depression 151

Assessment of Anxiety and Fear 153

Assessment of Anger 155

Assessment of Self-Injury 155

Assessment of Eating Disorders 158

Assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 161

Chapter Summary 163

Review Questions 163

Section IV Types of Assessment

Chapter 9 Assessment of Intelligence 167

Theories of Intelligence 168

Individual Intelligence Tests 171

Group Intelligence Tests 177

Giftedness and Creativity 179

Chapter Summary 180

Review Questions 181

Chapter 10 Ability Testing: Academic Aptitude and Achievement 183

Introduction to Aptitude and Achievement Assessment 184

Aptitude Tests for Higher Education 184

Graduate and Professional Schools Admissions Tests 191

Academic Achievement Tests 193

High-Stakes Testing 197

Study Habits Inventories 199

Chapter Summary 201

Review Questions 202

Chapter 11 Career and Life-Planning Assessment 203

Introduction to Career and Life-Planning Assessment 204

Measures of Career Readiness 205

Introduction to Comprehensive Assessment Programs 213

Standardized Assessment Programs 214

Chapter Summary 222

Review Questions 223

Chapter 12 Measures of Interests and Values 225

Introduction to Interest Inventories 226

Popular Interest Inventories 227

Values Inventories 243

Chapter Summary 252

Review Questions 253

Chapter 13 Personality Assessment 255

Introduction to Personality Assessment 256

Popular Structured Personality Assessments 257

Popular Unstructured Personality Assessments 274

Health and Lifestyle Inventories 277

Chapter Summary 278

Review Questions 279

Chapter 14 Assessment of Interpersonal Relationships 281

Inventories for Couples and Family Counseling 282

Assessment of Intimate Partner Violence 285

Assessment of Child Abuse 289

Genograms 290

Additional Interpersonal Assessment Inventories 294

Chapter Summary 295

Review Questions 296

Section V The Assessment Report

Chapter 15 Communication of Assessment Results 299

Communication of Findings 300

The Assessment Interpretation Interview 301

The Case Conference 304

The Assessment Report 305

Chapter Summary 309

Review Questions 309

Appendix A Publishers of Tests Commonly Used by Counselors With the Test Names and Acronyms 311

Appendix B Web Links for Ethical Guidelines and Assessment Standards 321

Appendix C Statistical Formulas 323

Appendix D Sample Assessment Report 325

Appendix E Test Your Knowledge Answer Key 331

References 333

Subject Index 373

Name Index 388