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Astroparticle Physics

Astroparticle Physics

Christian Spiering, Christian Weinheimer

ISBN: 978-3-527-41032-3

Jul 2016

380 pages

Select type: Hardcover

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Description

Filling the urgent need for a comprehensive overview, this is the most up-to-date reference on astroparticle physics and the latest experiments. Highly renowned researchers cover the entire scope of the topic, from low and high-energy particles right up to dark matter and dark energy. In addition, the monograph includes refreshers on the theory behind the physics.
A must-have for astrophysicists involved with any high-energy phenomena in space, astronomers, high energy and nuclear physicists, as well as of interest to electrical engineers working in detector development.
1. Introduction
2. Basic concepts of particle physics
Box: Particle Physics
2.1. Particles
2.2 Interactions
2.3 The standard model of particle physics
2.4 Beyond the standard model
3. Basic concepts of cosmology
Box: Cosmology
3.1 The expansion of the Universe
3.2 Introduction into special and special relativity
3.3 Big bang
3.4 CP violation and the dominance of matter
3.5 Primordial nucleo-synthesis
3.6 Cosmic microwave background radiation
3.7 Inflation
3.8 Dark Matter and Dark Energy
4. Basic concepts of astrophysics
Box: Astrophysics
4.1 Stars and Stellar evolution
4.2 The end of a star life: supernovae
4.3 Galaxies and large scale structure
4.4 Extreme objects
4.5 The concept of multi-wavelength astronomy
5. Principles of particle and radiation detection
Box: Particle detection
5.1 Particle interaction processes
5.2 Photon detection
5.3 Detection methods in particle physics
5.4 Cryogenic detectors
6. Neutrinos
Box: Neutrinos ? key particle for particle physics and cosmology
6.1 Prediction and discovery of neutrinos
6.2 Neutrinos in the standard model of particle physics
6.3 Neutrinos as probes of nuclear structure
6.4 Neutrino oscillation in vacuum and in matter
6.5 Neutrino mass and neutrino particle character
6.6 Relic neutrinos
6.7 Neutrino mass and cosmology
7. Underground laboratories
7.1 Cosmic radiation and environmental background
7.2 Need for large depth and low radiation environment
7.3 The large underground labs
8. Low energy neutrino astronomy and proton decay
Box: The unified spectrum of cosmic neutrinos: from meV to EeV
8.1 Detectors for cosmic neutrinos and proton decay
8.2 Solar neutrinos: stellar burning
8.3 Atmospheric neutrinos: evidence for neutrino oscillation
8.4 Supernova neutrinos: messengers from the cataclysm
8.5 Geo-neutrinos: earth`s own heat production
8.6 Proton decay
8.7 Innovative methods
8.8 Future detectors on the Megaton scale
9. Neutrino mass
Box: neutrino-less double beta decay: nature and mass of neutrinos
9.1 Neutrino mass from cosmology
9.2 Neutrinoless double beta decay
9.3 Direct neutrino mass experiments
9.4 Difficulties to detect directly relic neutrinos
10. Search for Anti-matter
10.1 Baryon asymetry of the universe
10.2 Experimental status
10.3 Leptogenesis
III. High energy particle astronomy
11. The non-thermal Universe
Box: thermal and non-thermal universe
11.1 Hints from X-ray and gamma ray observations
11.2 Cosmic rays and acceleration mechanisms
11.3 Propagation of cosmic radiation in the Universe
11.4 Charged cosmic rays versus gamma rays versus neutrinos
11.5 Air showers from charged cosmic rays and gamma rays
12. Charged cosmic rays
Box: Cosmic rays: from the Sun to Gamma Ray Bursts
12.1 Discovery of cosmic rays
12.2 Cosmic ray detection principles (fluorescence, radio, arrays)
12.3 Cosmic rays at intermediate energies: galactic sources
12.4 Cosmic rays at highest energies: extragalactic sources
13. High energy gamma ray astronomy
Box: Overview ? gamma rays: from MeV to PeV
13.1 Mechanisms of gamma production in cosmic sources
13.2 Gamma ray detection principles
13.3 Satellite observations: the Fermi era
13.4 Ground based observations of GeV and TeV sources
14 High energy neutrino astronomy
Box: High energy neutrinos ? another window to the universe
14.1 Astrophysical neutrino production
14.2 Neutrino telescopes: the GeV-PeV domain
14.3 Alternative techniques for PeV-EeV energies
14.4 Experimental status
14.5 Particle Physics with neutrino telescopes
15. Multi-Messenger Astronomy 15 pages 310
Box : from multi-wavelength to multi-messenger astronomy
15.1 Complementarity of different messengers
15.2 Sources selection
15.3 Transient sources and the Target of Opportunity principles
15.4 Gravitational waves and their role in multi-messenger astronomy
15.5 Multi-messenger campaigns
IV: The Dark Universe
16. Dark Matter
Box : Dark Matter
16.1 Astronomical Evidence for Dark Matter
16.2 Review of Dark Matter candidates
16.3 Weak interacting massive particles (WIMPs)
16.4 Principles of direct and indirect WIMP detection
16.5 Status of WIMP search
16.4 Axions and axion-like particles
16.5. Detection of axions
16.6 Status of axion searches
16.7 Outlook
17. Dark Energy
Box: Dark Energy
17.1 Evidence for dark energy
17.2 Present and future dark energy missions
17.3 Particle candidates for dark energy
18. Superheavy exotic particles
Box : < Exotic beasts >
18.1 Magnetic monopoles
18.2 Supersymmetric Q-balls
18.3 Strangelets/nuclearites
Glossary
Literature