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Astrophotonics: Optical Methods for Astronomical Instrumentation

Astrophotonics: Optical Methods for Astronomical Instrumentation

Stefano Minardi, Joss Bland-Hawthorn

ISBN: 978-3-527-69873-8

Jul 2030

350 pages

Select type: E-Book

$108.99

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Description

Written by well-known scientists in the field with vast experience in teaching astrophotonics, this is the first book to bridge astronomy and photonics for the benefit of developing new astronomical instrumentation.
The textbook is clearly structured and covers four main methods relevant to observational astronomy: adaptive optics, photometry, interferometry and spectroscopy. It follows a progressive didactical path in photonics, starting from fundamentals of wave- and micro-optics and developing step-by-step the formalisms required for the treatment of optical multilayers, fiber optics and diffraction/holographic gratings. This approach allows students with a physics/engineering background to learn about the problematic of observational astronomy, while, conversely, students of astronomy are exposed to topics in modern photonics.
Each chapter is divided into three main sections devoted to the discussion of astronomical concepts required to size an instrument designed for the particular method, the photonic concepts that most suit that instrument, and an analysis of existing, related photonic instruments. A set of exercises and a bibliography complete each chapter. Appendices include a short review of fundamentals of wave optics and photon detectors, plus an overview of project design and management using a real-life example of an astronomical instrumentation project.
With its review of the latest instrumentation and techniques, this is invaluable for graduate and post-graduate students in astronomy, physics and optical engineering.
Preface

INTRODUCTION
Astronomical Instrumentation
Photonics
Astrophotonics
Outline

PRINCIPLES OF OPTICS
Light as Waves
The Fresnel Relations
Exercises

PRINCIPLES OF PHOTONICS
Optival Waveguides
Lasers
Exercises

ASTRONOMICAL TECHNIQUES
Earth's Atmosphere Absorption, Emission
Basic Concepts in Astronomical Photometry
Telescopes
Instrumentation
Exercises

DETECTORS FOR ASTRONOMY
Introduction
Electronic Band Structure in a Material
Photomultiplier Tube
Photodiode
Charge Coupled Devices: CCD
CMOS
CCD vs. CMOS
Avalanche Photodiodes

ASTRONOMICAL FILTERS
Layer Optics
Applications of 1D Layer Theory
Fiber Bragg Gratings
Resonator Filters
Monitor of Emission Lines
OH-Lines Suppression

ADAPTIVE OPTICS
Basic Concepts in Adaptive Optics
Photonics in Adaptive Optics
Astrophotonics with Adaptive Optics
Exercises

INTERFEROMETRY
Basic Concepts in Astronomical Interferometry
Photonic Circuits
Photonics for Astronomical Interferometry
Exercises

SPECTROSCOPY
Basic Concepts in Astronomical Spectroscopy
Optics of Dispersive Elements
Photonic Integrated Multimode Micro Spectrometers
Fourier Transform Spectrometers
SWIFT and LLIFT Spectrometers
Exercises

3D SPECTROSCOPY
Classification of the 3D Spectroscopic Methods
Tunable Filters
Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometers
Integral Field Spectroscopy
Multiple Object Spectroscopy
Diverse Field Spectroscopy

TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES
Mid-Infrared Photonics
Space Photonics
Frequency Conversion
Quantum Astronomy

APPENDIX
Materials for Astrophotonics
Solution to Selected Exercises

Index