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Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images

Achyuta Ayan Misra, Soumyajit Mukherjee

ISBN: 978-1-119-15833-2

Apr 2018

232 pages

Description

This comprehensive book deals primarily with reflection seismic data in the hydrocarbon industry. It brings together seismic examples from North and South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia and features contributions from eleven international authors who are experts in their field. It provides structural geological examples with full-color illustrations and explanations so that students and industry professionals can get a better understanding of what they are being taught. It also shows seismic images in black and white print and covers compression related structures.

Representing a compilation of examples for different types of geological structures, Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is a quick guide to finding analogous structures. It provides extensive coverage of seismic expression of different geological structures, faults, folds, mobile substrates (shale and salt), tectonic and regional structures, and common pitfalls in interpretation. The book also includes an un-interpreted seismic section for every interpreted section so that readers can feel free to draw their own conclusion as per their conceptualization.

  • Provides authoritative source of methodologies for seismic interpretation
  • Indicates sources of uncertainty and give alternative interpretations
  • Directly benefits those working in petroleum industries
  • Includes case studies from a variety of tectonic regimes
Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is primarily designed for graduate students in Earth Sciences, researchers, and new entrants in industry who are interested in seismic interpretation.

Contributors

Preface

Acknowledgements

Part I

1 Introduction to Seismic Data

2 Seismic Structural Analysis

Part III Faults

3 Normal Faults in the Crawford Spur Area, Viking Graben, United Kingdom

4 Normal Faults Bounding Rift Grabens in Krishna-Godavari Basin, India

5 Bitsminda Anticline: South Kura Foreland Fold and Thrust Belt, Georgia

6 Diffraction and Refraction Occurring in a Fault Zone in Corinth Gulf, Greece as Seen by Vertical Seismic Profiling

7 Horst Inversion Within a Décollement Zone During Extension Upper Rhine Graben, France

8 Interpretation of a Vertical Seismic Profile Diffraction Occurring at a Basement–Sedimentary Cover Interface in the Rhine Graben, France

9 Clara Inversion Anticline, Adriatic Sea, Italy

10 Emma Inversion Structure, Adriatic Sea, Italy

11 Inversion in the Umiat Basin (Part 1) National Petroleum Reserve Alaska (NPRA), North Slope, Alaska

12 Inversion in the Umiat Basin (Part 2) National Petroleum Reserve Alaska (NPRA), North Slope, Alaska

13 Complex multiphase inversion tectonics in the southern East Shetland Platform, offshore United Kingdom

14 Impact of Activation of a Syn-Depositional Normal Fault on Sedimentation in Greater Mid North Sea High

15 Imaging Normal Faults Using a High Frequency Source and Dual Sensor Streamers

16 Understanding Sinkholes Using Shear Wave Reflection Seismic Imaging in N Germany

17 Post-earthquake Subsurface Structure for Reconstruction Planning Using Shear Wave Reflection Seismic Imaging in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

18 Shallow Detachment Along a Transform Margin in Cauvery Basin, India

19 Normal Faulting Related to Differential Compaction on the 85°E Ridge in the Bay of Bengal, India

20 Polygonal Fault System in Late Cretaceous Sediments of Cauvery Deepwater Basin, India

21 Transfer Zone Geometry in the Offshore Cauvery Basin, India

22 Synrift Grabens and Inversion in the Cauvery Offshore Basin on the East Coast of India

23 Pull-Apart Basin in the Offshore Cauvery–Palar Basin, India

24 Sedimentary Deformation Features Produced by Differential Compaction and Buoyancy in the Offshore Palar Basin, East Coast of India

Part II Folds

25 Compression Folds and a Strike-Slip Fault in Flowing Evaporites, Red Sea

26 Didigori Syncline and Anticline: Kura Foreland Fold and Thrust Belt, Georgia

27 Compressional Folds in the Active North Ecuador–South Colombia Margin

28 Fault Propagation Folds in the Active North Ecuador–South Colombia Margin

29 Antiformal Stacks and Hinterland Dipping Duplexes in the North Ecuador–South Colombia Margin

30 Didigori Syncline and Didigori Anticline: Kura Foreland Fold and Thrust Belt, Georgia

Part IV Mobile Substrates – Shale and Salt

31 Compressional Salt-Related Structures in the Western Quele Area, Kuqa Depression, Tarim Basin, China

32 Reactive Salt Diapir, Southern Precaspian Basin, Middle Asia

33 Detection of Potential Slide Planes in Onshore Urban Areas Using Shear Wave Reflection Seismics

34 Detection of Mobile Quick-Clay Layers Using Shear Wave Reflection Seismics

35 Growth Fault-Thrust Belts with Single Detachment in the Krishna–Godavari Basin, India

36 Growth Fault-Thrust Belts with Multiple Detachments in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, India

37 Growth Fault-Thrust Belts with a Small Translation Zone in Mumbai the Offshore Basin, India

38 Growth Structures and Unconformities in the Upper Evaporites, Red Sea

Part V Tectonic and Regional Structures

39 BABEL4: Crustal Structures of the Precambrian Svecofennian Accretionary Orogen in the Fennoscandian Shield

40 BABEL7: Crustal-Scale Extension Associated with the Formation of the Baltic Sea Paleorift, Fennoscandian Shield

41 BABEL3 and 3a: Crustal-Scale Structures of the Precambrian Svecofennian Accretionary Orogen in the Fennoscandian Shield

42 Magma-Poor Rifting in the Indian Eastern Continental Margin

43 The Ratnagiri Fracture Zone: A Paleo Oceanic-Fracture-Zone in the Mumbai-Ratnagiri Offshore Region, West India

44 Normal Faults on the Undergoing Plate in an Arc-Continent Collision at East Timor, N Timor Sea

45 The Gop Rift: A Paleo Slow Spreading Centre, Offshore Gujarat, India

46 Transform Margin in the Cauvery Basin, Indian East Coast Passive Margin

47 Proximal and Distal Margin Examples from the Eastern Continental Passive Margin of India

48 Distal Margin Examples from the Continental Passive Margin of Gabon

Part VI

7 Pitfalls in Interpretation.