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Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World's Front Lines, 2014 Edition

Attacks on the Press: Journalism on the World's Front Lines, 2014 Edition

ISBN: 978-1-118-87311-3

Feb 2014

240 pages

Select type: Paperback

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The world's most comprehensive guide to international press freedom

Every day, journalists around the world face incredible risks—from imprisonment and assassination to simply just "disappearing"—all for the ethical practice of their profession. Caught between wars and uprisings and corrupt police and drug cartels, as well as increasingly oppressive censorship laws, they find themselves in some of the most dangerous situations imaginable. This is why the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) continues to create the annual edition of Attacks on the Press.

Started as a simple typewritten list over 25 years ago, this reliable resource has grown to become the definitive annual assessment of press freedoms globally. It provides analyses of media conditions, press freedom violations, and emerging threats to journalists in every corner of the world.

  • In this 2014 edition, you will find front-line reports and analytical essays by CPJ experts covering an array of topics of critical importance to journalists
  • Discusses how governments' capacity to store transactional data and the content of communications poses a unique threat to journalism in the digital age
  • Addresses the hope for more freedom in Iran and how the practical needs for communications technology may work in favor of a freer press
  • Examines the inability to solve journalist murders in areas such as Colombia and why eliminating witnesses has become an all too easy, and effective, method of stymying justice

In addition to being an invaluable source of timely information and guidance for media professionals, Attacks on the Press gives voice to journalists globally, providing them with a platform for direct advocacy with governments and a tool for influence at the UN, OAS, EU, AU, and other official bodies.

Foreword ix
by Jacob Weisberg

1. Under Surveillance

How United States' Spying Strengthens China's Hand 3
The scope of the National Security Agency's digital surveillance raises doubts about the U.S. commitment to freedom of expression online.
By Joel Simon

The NSA Puts Journalists Under a Cloud of Suspicion 11
Governments' capacity to store transactional data and the content of communications poses a unique threat to journalism in the digital age.
By Geoffrey King

2. The Information Imperative

Putting Press Freedom at the Heart of Anti-Poverty Efforts 27
Economists and political scientists acknowledge that journalism is vital to development and democracy.
By Robert Mahoney

Without Stronger Transparency, More Financial Crises Loom 37
The recent financial meltdown should be treated as a lesson on the importance of information transparency and the crucial role of a free press.
By Michael J. Casey

3. The Front Lines

Syrian Journalists Strive to Report, Despite Shifting Dangers 51
They call themselves citizen journalists, media workers, or media activists. Amid the chaos of conflict, they are determined to gather and distribute the news.
By Maria Salazar-Ferro

Finding the Courage to Cover Sexual Violence 61
Coverage of rape can bring journalists swift and unpredictable repercussions, but it can also change attitudes.
By Frank Smyth

Afghan Journalists Steadfast as International Withdrawal Approaches 69
As they look toward the next era of uncertainty, reporters in Afghanistan express a sense of determination to build on what they have achieved.
By Bob Dietz

4. Media and Money

Journalists in Hong Kong and Taiwan Battle Beijing's Influence 77
Media owners' reluctance to draw China's disfavor imperils the ability of the Hong Kong and Taiwanese press to play a watchdog role.
By a CPJ Contributor

Advertising and Censorship in East Africa's Press 91
The printed word is thriving in parts of Africa, but advertisers' clout means they can often quietly control what is published.
By Tom Rhodes

5. Controlling the Narrative

Would-Be Repressors Brandish "Ethics" as Justification 103
Calls for journalists to exercise a sense of responsibility are very often code for censorship. Yet unethical journalism can also imperil the press.
By Jean-Paul Marthoz

Pressure on Journalists Rises Along With Africa's Prospects 113
After a decade of unprecedented growth and development, the insistence on positive news remains a significant threat to press freedom in sub-Saharan Africa.
By Mohamed Keita

Vietnam Tightens the Squeeze on Its Bloggers 123
A mushrooming blogosphere has challenged the state's media monopoly, drawing a heavy-handed bid to bring the Internet under government control.
By Shawn W. Crispin

6. Legacies on the Line

Mandela's Legacy of Media Freedom Stands Its Ground 133
How robust are the institutional safeguards that underpin Nelson Mandela's vision of a strong and independent South African media?
By Sue Valentine

Hassan Rouhani and the Hope for More Freedom in Iran 143
The new president may have limited power to enact change, but the practical needs for communications technology may work in favor of a freer press.
By D. Parvaz

Violence and Judicial Censorship Mar Brazil's Horizon 151
The Brazilian government's concern for the safety of an American journalist stands in contrast to a dismal performance protecting its own reporters.
By Carlos Lauría

7. Getting Away With Murder

When Journalists Are Killed, Witnesses May Be Next 163
Eliminating witnesses has become an all too easy and effective method of stymying justice when journalists are assassinated.
By Elisabeth Witchel

One Province Illustrates Colombia's Struggle With Impunity 173
The inability to solve journalist murders in Arauca feeds an atmosphere of hostility and intimidation for the media there.
By John Otis

8. Censored

Gunmen Rule Neza and the Press on Outskirts of Mexico City 183
Politicians say there are no organized crime cartels in the capital's metropolitan area. Journalists know better, but they are afraid to report it.
By Mike O'Connor

A Sliver of Hope Emerges for a More Independent Press in Turkey 193
The Gezi Park protests force some independent-minded journalists to confront the media's unwillingness to take on the government.
By Nicole Pope

9. Trends in Press Freedom

CPJ's Risk List: Where Press Freedom Suffered 203
Surveillance, restrictive Internet legislation, and cyberattacks compel CPJ to add cyberspace to the list of places trending in the wrong direction.
By Maya Taal

Index 217