Building information modelling (BIM) is revolutionising building design and construction. For architects, BIM has the potential to optimise their creativity while reducing risk in the design and construction process, thus giving them a more significant role in the building process. This book demonstrates how innovative firms are using BIM technologies to move design away from the utilitarian problems of construction, engaging them in a stunning new future in the built environment.
Whereas recent books about BIM have tended to favour case-study analyses or instruction on the use of specific software, BIM Design highlights how day-to-day design operations are shaped by the increasingly generative and collaborative aspects of these new tools. BIM strategies are described as operations that can enhance design rather than simply make it more efficient. Thus this book focuses on the specific creative uses of information modelling at the operational level, including the creative development of parametric geometries and generative design, the evaluation of environmental performance and the simulation and scheduling of construction/fabrication operations.
This book also engages BIM’s pragmatic efficiencies such as the conflict checking of building systems and the creation of bills of quantities for costing; and in so doing it demonstrates how BIM can make such activities collaborative.
Throughout, projects are used to illustrate the creative application of BIM at a variety of scales. These buildings showcase work by fi rms executing projects all over the world: SHoP Architects and Construction (New York), Morphosis (Los Angeles), Populous (London), GRO Architects (New York), Reiser + Umemoto (New York), Gensler (Shanghai) and UNStudio (Amsterdam).
FOREWORD Mario Carpo 8
CHAPTER 1 Information Modelling Today 14
CHAPTER 2 The Master Builder and Information Modelling 28
SHoP Architects, Control and Construction 44
CHAPTER 3 The C(reative)onstruction Process, Then and Now 58
MORPHOSIS Design Intent and Digital Iteration 70
CHAPTER 4 New Methods: New Tools 88
POPULOUS Curvilinear Workflows 102
CHAPTER 5 The Digital States and Information Modelling 122
GRO ARCHITECTS Dense Agendas 132
CHAPTER 6 Strategies for Component Generation 146
REISER + UMEMOTO Architecture by (Semi) Remote Control 160
CHAPTER 7 Assemblies and their Simulation 178
GENSLER Simulation Takes Control 196
CHAPTER 8 Conclusions: Authorship and Lines of Development 214
UNStudio Knowledge Architecture for a Life (Cycle) 224
Select Bibliography 242