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BIM for Facility Managers



BIM for Facility Managers

IFMA, Paul Teicholz (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-41762-1 April 2013 352 Pages

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A practical look at extending the value of Building Information Modeling (BIM) into facility management—from the world's largest international association for professional facility managers

Building owners and facility managers are discovering that Building Information Modeling (BIM) models of buildings are deep reservoirs of information that can provide valuable spatial and mechanical details on every aspect of a property. When used appropriately, this data can improve performance and save time, effort, and money in running and maintaining the building during its life cycle. It can also provide information for future modifications. For instance, a BIM could reveal everything from the manufacturer of a light fixture to its energy usage to maintenance instructions.

BIM for Facility Managers explains how BIM can be linked to facility management (FM) systems to achieve very significant life-cycle advantages. It presents guidelines for using BIM in FM that have been developed by public and private owners such as the GSA. There is an extensive discussion of the legal and contractual issues involved in BIM/FM integration. It describes how COBie can be used to name, capture, and communicate FM-related data to downstream systems. There is also extensive discussion of commercial software tools that can be used to facilitate this integration.

This book features six in-depth case studies that illustrate how BIM has been successfully integrated with facility management in real-life projects at:

  • Texas A&M Health Science Center
  • USC School of Cinematic Arts
  • MathWork's new campus
  • Xavier University
  • State of Wisconsin Facilities
  • University of Chicago Library renovation

BIM for Facility Managers is an indispensable resource for facility managers, building owners, and developers alike.





CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1
Paul Teicholz

Management Summary 1

Problems with Current FM Practice 2

How BIM FM Integration Can Address Current Problems 5

Needs for Graphics and Data Varies over the Life Cycle 6

Need for Interoperability between Systems 8

Owner Benefits of BIM FM Integration 10

Streamlines Handover and More Effective Use of Data 10

Benefits during the Life of the Building 11

Integrated System Can Be Used to Plan Enhancements to Building 13

Calculating ROI in BIM FM Integration 13

CHAPTER 2 BIM Technology for FM 17
Louise Sabol

Building Information Modeling (BIM) 17

BIM for Facility Management (FM) 20

Standards and Data Exchange 27

Challenges of BIM for FM 29

FM BIM in Practice: Healthcare BIM Consortium’s Initiatives 32

Emerging Technologies and BIM 36

Cloud Computing 36

Mobile Computing for FM 37

Mobile and RFID Technologies 39

Mobile and Cloud Technologies 39

Augmented Reality 40

Sensor Data 41

BIM Component Data 42

Standards 43

References 45

CHAPTER 3 Owner BIM for FM Guidelines 47
Paul Teicholz

Introduction 47

GSA Guidelines 49

BIM and FM—Overall Vision and Objectives for Using BIM for Facility Management 50

Tier 1 51

Tier 2 52

Tier 3 52

Implementation Guidance to GSA Associates and Consultants 53

Modeling Requirements—a Record BIM 56

High-Level Modeling Requirements 57

BIM Authoring Applications 57

BIM Model Structure 57

Asset Identification Number 58

Design, Construction, and Record BIMs 58

Required BIM Objects and Properties 59

National Equipment Standard 59

Organization of Record BIMs 60

Modeling Precision 60

Consistent Units and Origin 60

Prior to Submittal of Record BIMs 60

Maintaining and Updating As-Built BIMs 61

COBie Submittals 61

Minimum COBie Requirements 62

Creating COBie Deliverables 62

Technology Requirements 63

Central Repository of Facility Information 63

Infrastructure 63

Security 63

Functionality 63

The Vision: Technology Overview 64

Technology Challenges 64

Multi-User Update 64

Management of Updates 65

Multi-User Access and Viewing 65

Vendor-Neutral Options 66

Multiple Paths for Data Transfers 66

Emerging Technology: Model Servers 66

Pilot Projects for BIM and FM Using GSA Guidelines 68

Peter W. Rodino Federal Building Modernization 69

Bishop Henry Whipple Federal Building 73

Camden Annex Lifecycle and NASA Projects 77

Other BIM Guidelines 81

BIM Planning Guide for Facility Owners 81

National BIM Standard—United States™ Version 2 81

Wisconsin BIM Guidelines and Standards for Architects and Engineers, v2 82

LACCD BIM Standards, v3 83

CHAPTER 4 Legal Issues When Considering BIM for Facilities Management 85
Kymberli A. Aguilar and Howard W. Ashcraft

Introduction 85

How Will the Model(s) Be Used? 87

Ask and You Shall Receive 87

What Is the Model’s Contractual Status? 89

Ownership of the Model 91

Owner Owns Modeling Information 91

Designer Owns Modeling Information 92

All Parties Own Whatever They Create 92

Who Owns the Intellectual Property? 92

Who Owns the Design? 92

Who Owns the Copyright? 93

Standards and Interoperability 94

Will Using BIM Increase Liability to Other Parties? 96

Will Designers Have an Increased Risk? 96

Will Contractors Have Increased Liability for Defects in the Plans and Specifications?  97

How Does an Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) Environment Affect Liabilities Related to Reliance on BIM?

Does Insurance Cover BIM-Related Work? 101

Conclusion 102

Sample BIM Specification 102

References 106

CHAPTER 5 Using COBie 107
Bill East

Executive Summary 107

Why COBie? 107

How Was COBie Designed? 109

Managed Asset Inventory 110

Operations and Maintenance Requirements 111

Technological Constraints 112

Contracting Constraints 113

Process Constraints 114

What Is Included in COBie? 115

In What Formats Is COBie Delivered? 120

How Is the Spreadsheet Format Organized? 121

Common Worksheet Conventions 122

COBie Worksheet Descriptions 125

How Is COBie Delivered? 131

As-Planned 131

As-Designed 132

As-Constructed 133

As-Occupied 134

As-Built 135

As-Maintained 135

Software Supporting COBie 136

Internal Software Testing 137

Legal Implications of COBie 137

How to Implement COBie 138

Conclusions 140

Future Developments 141

References 142

CHAPTER 6 Case Studies 145

Introduction 145

Case Study 1: MathWorks 147

Case Study 2: Texas A&M Health Science Center—A Case Study of BIM and COBie for Facility
Management 164

Case Study 3: USC School of Cinematic Arts 185

Case Study 4: Implementation of BIM and FM at Xavier University 233

Case Study 5: State of Wisconsin Bureau of Facilities Management, Division of State Facilities,
Department of Administration 250

Case Study 6: University of Chicago Administration Building Renovation 294