Chapter 1: Introduction.
Chapter 2: Coal in the Industrial Revolution, and Beyond.
Chapter 3: History of Oil and Natural Gas.
Oil Extraction and Exploration.
Chapter 4: Fossil Fuel Resources and Uses.
Tight Sands and Shales.
Chapter 5: Diminishing Oil and Gas Reserves.
Chapter 6: The Continuing Need for Hydrocarbons and their Products.
Chapter 7: Fossil Fuels and Climate Change.
Chapter 8: Renewable Energy Sources and Atomic Energy.
Solar Energy: Photovoltaic and Thermal.
Electricity from Photovoltaic Conversion.
Solar Thermal Power for Electricity Production.
Electric Power from Saline Solar Ponds.
Solar Thermal Energy for Heating.
Economic Limitations of Solar Energy.
Electricity from Biomass.
Ocean Energy: Thermal, Tidal, and Wave Power.
Ocean Thermal Energy.
Energy from Nuclear Fission Reactions.
The Need for Nuclear Power.
Nuclear Byproducts and Waste.
Nuclear Power: An Energy Source for the Future.
Chapter 9: The Hydrogen Economy and its Limitations.
The Discovery and Properties of Hydrogen.
The Development of Hydrogen Energy.
The Production and Uses of Hydrogen.
Hydrogen from Fossil Fuels.
Hydrogen from Biomass.
Photobiological Water Cleavage.
Hydrogen Production Using Nuclear Energy.
The Challenge of Hydrogen Storage.
Metal Hydrides and Solid Absorbents.
Other Means of Hydrogen Storage.
Hydrogen: Centralized or Decentralized Distribution?
Safety of Hydrogen.
Hydrogen in Transportation.
Fuel Cell Efficiency.
Hydrogen-Based Fuel Cells.
PEM Fuel Cells for Transportation.
Regenerative Fuel Cells.
Chapter 10: The “Methanol Economy”: General Aspects.
Chapter 11: Methanol as a Fuel and Energy Carrier.
Properties and Historical Background.
Present Uses of Methanol.
Use of Methanol and Dimethyl Ether as Transportation Fuels.
Alcohol as a Transportation Fuel in the Past.
Methanol as Fuel in Internal Combustion Engines (ICE).
Methanol and Dimethyl Ether as Diesel Fuels Substitute in Compression Ignition Engines.
Advanced Methanol-Powered Vehicles.
Hydrogen for Fuel Cells from Methanol Reforming.
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC).
Fuel Cells Based on Other Fuels and Biofuel Cells.
Regenerative Fuel Cell.
Methanol for Static Power and Heat Generation.
Methanol Storage and Distribution.
Emissions from Methanol-Powered Vehicles.
Methanol and the Environment.
Methanol and Issues of Climate Change.
Chapter 12: Production of Methanol from Syn-Gas to Carbon Dioxide.
Methanol from Fossil Fuels.
Production via Syn-Gas.
Syn-Gas from Natural Gas.
Methane Steam Reforming.
Partial Oxidation of Methane.
Autothermal Reforming and Combination of Steam Reforming and Partial Oxidation.
Syn-Gas from CO2 Reforming.
Syn-Gas from Petroleum and Higher Hydrocarbons.
Syn-Gas from Coal.
Economics of Syn-Gas Generation.
Methanol through Methyl Formate.
Methanol from Methane Without Syn-Gas.
Selective Oxidation of Methane to Methanol.
Catalytic Gas-Phase Oxidation of Methane.
Liquid-Phase Oxidation of Methane to Methanol.
Methanol Production through Mono-Halogenated Methanes.
Microbial or Photochemical Conversion of Methane to Methanol.
Methanol from Biomass.
Methanol from Biogas.
Methanol from Carbon Dioxide.
Carbon Dioxide from Industrial Flue Gases.
Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere.
Chapter 13: Methanol-Based Chemicals, Synthetic Hydrocarbons and Materials.
Methanol-Based Chemical Products and Materials.
Methanol Conversion to Olefins and Synthetic Hydrocarbons.
Methanol to Olefin (MTO) Process.
Methanol to Gasoline (MTG) Process.
Chapter 14: Future Perspectives.
The “Methanol Economy” and its Advantages.
Further Reading and Information.