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Bioactive Heterocyclic Compound Classes: Pharmaceuticals

Bioactive Heterocyclic Compound Classes: Pharmaceuticals

Clemens Lamberth (Editor), Jürgen Dinges (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-33395-0

Oct 2012

372 pages

In Stock

$202.00

Description

The chemistry of heterocycles is an important branch of organic chemistry. This is due to the fact that a large number of natural products, e. g.
hormones, antibiotics, vitamins, etc. are composed of heterocyclic structures. Often, these compounds show beneficial properties and are therefore applied as pharmaceuticals to treat diseases or as insecticides, herbicides or fungicides in crop protection.
This volume presents important pharmaceuticals. Each of the 20 chapters covers in a concise manner one class of heterocycles, clearly structuredas follows:

* Structural formulas of most important examples (market products)
* Short background of history or discovery
* Typical syntheses of important examples
* Mode of action
* Characteristic biological activity
* Structure-activity relationship
* Additional chemistry information (e.g. further transformations, alternative syntheses, metabolic pathways, etc.)
* References.

A valuable one-stop reference source for researchers in academia and industry as well as for graduate students with career aspirations in the
pharmaceutical chemistry.
IINTRODUCTION

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF HETEROCYCLES FOR PHARMACEUTICALS AND AGROCHEMICALS
Introduction
Heterocycles as Framework of Biologically Active Compounds
Fine-Tuning the Physicochemical Properties with Heterocycles
Heterocycles as Prodrugs
Heterocycles as Peptidomimetics
Heterocycles as Isosteric Replacement of Functional Groups
Heterocycles as Isosteric Replacement of Alicyclic Rings
Heterocycles as Isosteric Replacement of other Heterocyclic Rings

PART I: Neurological Disorders

TROPANE-BASED ALKALOIDS AS MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE, AND MOTION SICKNESS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationships

MORPHINONE-BASED OPIOID RECEPTOR AGONIST ANALGESICS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

BARBITURIC ACID-BASED GABA(A) RECEPTOR MODULATORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SLEEP DISORDER AND EPILEPSY AND AS ANESTHETICS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

PHENOTHIAZINE-BASED DOPAMINE D2 ANTAGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationships

ARYLPIPERAZINE-BASED 5-HT1A RECEPTOR PARTIAL AGONISTS AND 5-HT2A ANTAGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF AUTISM, DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, PSYCHOSIS, AND SCHIZOPHRENIA
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

ARYLPIPERIDINE-BASED DOPAMINE D2 ANTAGONISTS/5-HT2A ANTAGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF AUTISM, DEPRESSION, SCHIZOPHRENIA, AND BIPOLAR DISORDER
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

DIBENZAZEPINE-BASED SODIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS FOR THE TREATMENT OF NEUROPATHIC PAIN
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationships

PART II: Cardiovascular Diseases

DIHYDROPYRIDINE-BASED CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ANGINA PECTORIS AND HYPERTENSION
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

TETRAZOLE-BASED ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 (AT1) ANTAGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEART FAILURE AND CONGESTIVE HYPERTENSION
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

THIAZIDE-BASED DIURETICS FOR THE TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION AND GENITOURINARY DISORDERS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

TETRAHYDROPYRANONE-BASED HMG-COA REDUCTASE INHIBITORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ARTERIAL HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

PART III: Infectious Diseases

ADENINE-BASED REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE INHIBITORS AS ANTI-HIV AGENTS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

GUANINE-BASED NUCLEOSIDE ANALOGS AS ANTIVIRAL AGENTS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

PENICILLIN AND CEPHALOSPORIN ANTIBIOTICS
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationships

PART IV: Oncology

PYRIMIDINE-BASED KINASE INHIBITORS IN CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

BENZYL TRIAZOLE-BASED AROMATASE INHIBITORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

PART V: Inflammation and Gastrointestinal Diseases

ACETONIDE-BASED GLUCOCORTICOIDS FOR THE TREATMENT OF ASTHMA, SKIN INFLAMMATION AND DISEASES OF THE EYE
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

BENZIMIDAZOLE-BASED H+/K+-ATPASE INHIBITORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationships

PART VI: Metabolic Diseases

THIAZOLIDINEDIONE-BASED INSULIN SENSITIZERS:PPAR-G AGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF TYPE 2 DIABETES
Introduction
History
Synthesis
Mode of Action
Structure?Activity Relationship

INDEX