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Bioinorganic Photochemistry



Bioinorganic Photochemistry

Grazyna Stochel, Zofia Stasicka, Malgorzata Brindell, Wojciech Macyk, Konrad Szacilowski

ISBN: 978-1-405-19327-6 June 2009 Wiley-Blackwell 398 Pages

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Bioinorganic photochemistry is a rapidly evolving field integrating inorganic photochemistry with biological, medical and environmental sciences. The interactions of light with inorganic species in natural systems, and the applications in artificial systems of medical or environmental importance, form the basis of this challenging inter-disciplinary research area.

Bioinorganic Photochemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the concepts and reactions fundamental to the field, illustrating important applications in biological, medical and environmental sciences.

Topics covered include:

  • Cosmic and environmental photochemistry
  • Photochemistry of biologically relevant nanoassemblies
  • Molecular aspects of photosynthesis
  • Photoinduced electron transfer in biosystems
  • Modern therapeutic strategies in photomedicine

The book concludes with an outlook for the future of environmental protection, discussing emerging techniques in the field of pollution abatement, and the potential for bioinorganic photochemistry as a pathway to developing cheap, environmentally friendly sources of energy.

Written as an authoritative guide for researchers involved in the development of bioinorganic photochemical processes, Bioinorganic Photochemistry is also accessible to scientists new to the field, and will be a key reference source for advanced courses in inorganic, and bioinorganic chemistry.

Part I. Introduction 1. Philosophy of bioinorganic photochemistry

Part II. Fundamentals

2. Light and matter

2.1. Nature of light

2.2. Accessible light sources

2.3. Interaction between light and matter

3. Formation and properties of electronic excited states

3.1. Wave mechanics and quantum numbers

3.2. Electronic excitation

4. Photophysical deactivation of electronic excited states

4.1. Spontaneous deactivation

4.2. Quenching

4.3. Coordination and organometallic compounds

5. Kinetics of the excited-state decay

6. Photochemical reactions

6.1.Photochemical reaction channels

6.2. Intramolecular photoreactions

6.3. Intermolecular photoreactions

6.4. The coordination compound specificity

6.5. Photosensitization

6.6. Homogeneous photocatalysis

7. Photochemistry and photophysics of supramolecular systems and nanoassemblies

7.1. From molecules through clusters to crystals

7.2. Metallic nanoparticles: metals in the embryonic state

7.3. Formation and decay of the excited states of semiconductors

Part III. Natural photoprocesses involving inorganic compounds

8. From interstellar space to planetary atmospheres

8.1. Homogeneous systems: From interstellar space to planetary atmospheres and primitive soup models

8.2. Heterogeneous photochemistry in ice phases

9. Solar radiation and terrestrial environment

9.1. Solar radiation

9.2. Atmospheric photochemistry

9.3. Photochemistry in hydrosphere and lithosphere

9.4. Photochemical self-cleaning in the environment

10. Heretogeneous (photo)catalysis and biogenesis on Earth

10.1. (Photo)catalysis on chalcogenide semiconductors

10.2. Photocatalytic nitrogen fixation

10.3. Photocatalytic carbon dioxide fixation

10.4. „Fossils” of prebiotic catalysts: metal clusters in active centres of metalloenzymes

11. Foundation and evolution of photosynthesis

11.1. Photosynthetic structures

11.2. Oxygenic photosynthesis

11.3. Light harvesting antennas (LHC)

11.4. Electron transfer pathways in PSII and PSI

11.5. Oxygen evolving complex, OEC

Part IV. Photochemistry and photophysics in bioinspired systems. Studies and modeling

12. Photoenzymes

12.1. Natural photoenzymes

12.2. Modified natural proteins/enzymes

12.3. Artificial photoenzymes

12.4. Towards mimicking the photosynthetic processes

13. Photoinduced electron transfer in proteins

13.1. Photochemical methodology

13.2. Biochemical applications

14. Nucleic acids photocleavage and charge transport

14.1. Mechanisms and strategies for advanced metallophotocleavers

14.2. Photoinduced DNA-mediated charge transport

Part V. Towards applications

15. Light and biomatter (molecules, cells and tissues)

16. Fluorescent and chromogenic sensing and labeling

16.1. Cations as targets in biochemical sensing

16.2. Fluorescent and chromogenic sensing of anions

16.3. Optical detection of neutral molecules

16.4. Nanoparticles in biochemical sensing and labeling

17. Therapeutic strategies

17.1. Photobiostimulation

17.2. Photoactivation of drugs

17.3. Photodynamic therapy

17.4. Nanomedicine methods

18. Photodynamic inactivation

19. Photodelivery and phototargeting

20. Phototoxicity and photoprotection

20.1. Chemical and physical photoprotection

20.2. Inorganic sunscreens

21. Photocatalysis in the environmental protection

21.1. Development of homo- and heterogeneous methods

21.2. Homogeneous photocatalysis

21.2. Heterogeneous systems

21.3.New ideas in pollution abatement

"Overall Bioinorganic Photochemistry presents a broad, qualitative overview of photochemical topics largely focused on the interface of inorganic chemistry with biological, medical, and environmental issues. The book will be of interest to those working in the field who are interested in surveying how photochemistry is applied in a variety of biologically relevant areas." (Journal of the American Chemistry Society, October 2009)