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Black Male Collegians: Increasing Access, Retention, and Persistence in Higher Education: ASHE Higher Education Report 40:3

Black Male Collegians: Increasing Access, Retention, and Persistence in Higher Education: ASHE Higher Education Report 40:3

Robert T. Palmer, J. Luke Wood, T. Elon Dancy, Terrell L. Strayhorn

ISBN: 978-1-118-94166-9 June 2014 Jossey-Bass 168 Pages




Improving college access and success among Black males has garnered tremendous attention. Many social scientists have noted that Black men account for only 4.3% of the total enrollment at 4-year postsecondary institutions in the United States, the same percentage now as in 1976. Furthermore, two thirds of Black men who start college never finish. The lack of progress among Black men in higher education has caused researchers, practitioners, and policymakers to become increasingly focused on ways to increase their access and success.

Offering recommendations and strategies to help advance success among Black males, this monograph provides a comprehensive synthesis and analysis of factors that promote the access, retention, and persistence of Black men at diverse institutional types (e.g., historically Black colleges and universities, predominantly White institutions, and community colleges). It delineates institutional policies, programs, practices, and other factors that encourage the success of Black men in postsecondary education.

This is the 3rd issue of the 40th volume of the Jossey-Bass series ASHE Higher Education Report. Each monograph is the definitive analysis of a tough higher education issue, based on thorough research of pertinent literature and institutional experiences. Topics are identified by a national survey. Noted practitioners and scholars are then commissioned to write the reports, with experts providing critical reviews of each manuscript before publication.

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Executive Summary vii

Dedications ix

Foreword xi

Acknowledgments xv

Contextualizing the Experiences of Black Men in Society and Education: Setting the Foundation 1

Purpose of the Monograph: Reshaping the Puzzle 5

Snapshot: Black Males in Pre–K12 Education 7

Status: Black Men in Postsecondary Education 11

Overview of the Monograph 25

Getting to College: Factors Affecting Black Male Achievement in Schools and the Educational Pipeline 27

The U.S. Black Educational Pipeline: Sociohistorical and Policy Perspectives 30

Black Males in U.S. Schools: A National Framework 34

Conclusion 51

Factors Critical to the Access and Success of Black Men in Postsecondary Education 55

TRIO Programs: Facilitating Access to Higher Education for Black Students by Increasing College Readiness 56

Affirmative Action: A Critical Facilitator of Access to Higher Education for Black Students 57

College Readiness Programs: A Vital Linkage to Access and Success for Black Students 58

Black Men at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 60

Black Men at Predominantly White Institutions 63

Black Men at Community Colleges 64

Student Engagement and Academic Success 67

Factors Critical to the Success of Black Men in Postsecondary Education 76

Conclusion 84

Implications for Future Research, Policy, and Practice 87

Implications for Future Research 87

Implications for Practice 93

Implications for Policy 96

Concluding Remarks 99

Appendix 101

References 109

Name Index 135

Subject Index 141

About the Authors 145