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Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal, 2nd Edition



Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal, 2nd Edition

Barbara L. Oglesbee (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-813-82018-7 July 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 720 Pages


Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal brings together a wide range of information on diseases commonly seen in small exotic mammals into a single, accessible resource. With consistency and broad coverage unparalleled by other texts, this new edition adds sections on chinchillas, guinea pigs, and rodents to the existing rabbit and ferret topics to offer complete coverage of these popular, yet less commonly treated, species. Detailed, up-to-date information on the diagnosis and treatment options for all disorders commonly encountered in exotic companion animals is readily accessible, making this a go-to reference for any veterinarian seeing small exotic mammals, regardless of their experience level with these species.

Divided into sections by species, topics are organized alphabetically, with a standardized layout that makes it easy to find information. The Second Edition includes access to customizable Client Education Handouts, which can be downloaded and used in the veterinary clinic, on a companion website at This book is an essential purchase for general practitioners treating exotic companion animals, exotic animal veterinarians, and veterinary students.

Related Resources

Contributors xv

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xix

Section I: Chinchillas

Alopecia 2

Anorexia and Pseudoanorexia 5

Antibiotic-Associated Enterotoxemia 8

Constipation (Lack of Fecal Production) 10

Dental Malocclusion 13

Dermatophytosis 15

Diarrhea 18

Dyspnea and Tachypnea 21

Dystocia and Disorders of Pregnancy 24

Dysuria, Hematuria, and Pollakiuria 26

Gastrointestinal Stasis and Dilation 30

Giardiasis 34

Nasal Discharge and Sneezing 35

Otitis Media and Interna 38

Polyuria and Polydipsia 41

Weight Loss and Cachexia 43

Section II: Ferrets

Adrenal Disease (Hyperadrenocorticism) 46

Aleutian Disease Virus (Parvovirus) 50

Alopecia 52

Anorexia 54

Ascites 56

Ataxia 58

Bradyarrhythmias 60

Campylobacteriosis 62

Canine Distemper Virus 63

Cardiomyopathy, Dilated 65

Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic 67

Chordomas 69

Clostridial Enterotoxicosis 70

Coccidiosis 72

Congestive Heart Failure 73

Cough 76

Cryptosporidiosis 78

Dermatophytosis 79

Diabetes Mellitus 81

Diarrhea 83

Disseminated Idiopathic Myofasciitis 86

Dyschezia and Hematochezia 88

Dysphagia 90

Dyspnea and Tachypnea 92

Dystocia and Fetal Death 94

Dysuria and Pollakiuria 95

Ear Mites 97

Eosinophillic Gastroenteritis 98

Epizootic Catarrhal Enteritis 100

Fleas and Flea Infestation 103

Ferret Systemic Coronavirus 105

Gastritis 107

Gastroduodenal Ulcers 109

Gastrointestinal and Esophageal Foreign Bodies 111

Giardiasis 113

Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease 114

Heartworm Disease 115

Helicobacter Mustelae 117

Hepatomegaly 119

Hydronephrosis 121

Hyperestrogenism 122

Hypersplenism 125

Hypoglycemia 126

Inflammatory Bowel Disease 128

Influenza Virus 130

Insulinoma 132

Lower Urinary Tract Infection 135

Lymphadenopathy (Lymphadenomegaly) 137

Lymphoplasmacytic Enteritis and Gastroenteritis 139

Lymphosarcoma 141

Mast Cell Tumor 144

Mastitis 145

Megaesophagus 146

Melena 148

Multiple Myeloma 150

Nasal Discharge (Sneezing, Gagging) 152

Neoplasia, Digestive System 154

Neoplasia, Integumentary 155

Neoplasia, Musculoskeletal and Nervous System 156

Obesity 157

Otitis Externa and Media 159

Paraurethral Cysts (Urogenital Cystic Disease) 161

Paresis and Paralysis 164

Petechia/Ecchymosis/Bruising 166

Pleural Effusion 168

Pneumonia, Aspiration 170

Pneumonia, Bacterial 171

Pneumonia, Mycotic 173

Pododermatitis and Nail Bed Disorders 175

Polyuria and Polydipsia 177

Pregnancy Toxemia 179

Proliferative Bowel Disease 180

Prostatitis and Prostatic Abscesses 182

Prostatomegaly 184

Pruritus 186

Ptyalism 188

Pyometra and Stump Pyometra 190

Rabies 193

Rectal and Anal Prolapse 195

Regurgitation 196

Renal Failure 198

Renomegaly 201

Salmonellosis 203

Sarcoptic Mange 205

Splenomegaly 207

Swollen Vulva 209

Tachyarrhythmias 211

Urinary Tract Obstruction 213

Urolithiasis 216

Vaginal Discharge 219

Vomiting 221

Weight Loss and Cachexia 223

Section III: Guinea Pigs

Abscesses 226

Alopecia 229

Anorexia and Pseudoanorexia 231

Antibiotic-Associated Enterotoxemia 234

Ataxia 236

Cervical Lymphadenitis 240

Chlamydiosis 243

Conjunctivitis 245

Constipation (Lack of Fecal Production) 248

Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Masses 252

Dental Malocclusion 255

Dermatophytosis 258

Diarrhea 260

Dyspnea and Tachypnea 262

Dystocia 265

Dysuria, Hematuria, and Pollakiuria 267

Epiphora 271

Exophthalmos and Orbital Diseases 273

Fleas and Flea Infestation 276

Gastric Dilation 277

Gastrointestinal Hypomotility and Gastrointestinal Stasis 279

Head Tilt (Vestibular Disease) 282

Heatstroke 285

Hypovitaminosis C (Scurvy) 287

Lice and Mites 289

Lower Urinary Tract Infection 291

Mastitis 294

Nasal Discharge and Sneezing 295

Otitis Media and Interna 298

Ovarian Cysts 301

Paresis and Paralysis 303

Pea Eye 306

Perineal Sac Impaction 307

Pneumonia 309

Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot) 312

Polyuria and Polydipsia 314

Pregnancy Toxemia 317

Pruritus 319

Pyometra and Nonneoplastic Endometrial Disorders 321

Rhinitis and Sinusitis 323

Seizures 326

Stertor and Stridor 329

Trichobezoars and Phytobezoars 332

Tyzzer’s Disease 334

Urinary Tract Obstruction 336

Vaginal Discharge 339

Weight Loss and Cachexia 342

Section IV: Rabbits

Abcessation 346

Alopecia 350

Anorexia and Pseudoanorexia 352

Anterior Uveitis 354

Anticoagulant Rodenticide Poisoning 357

Arthritis – Osteoarthritis 359

Arthritis – Septic 361

Ataxia 363

Cataracts 365

Cheek Teeth (Premolar and Molar) Malocclusion 367

Cheyletiellosis (Fur Mites) 370

Clostridial Enteritis/Enterotoxicosis 372

Coccidiosis 374

Congestive Heart Failure 376

Conjunctivitis 379

Constipation (Lack of Fecal Production) 382

Dermatophytosis 386

Diarrhea, Acute 388

Diarrhea, Chronic 391

Dyspnea and Tachypnea 394

Dysuria and Pollakiuria 396

Ear Mites 398

Encephalitozoonosis 400

Encephalitis and Meningoencephalitis 403

Encephalitis Secondary to Parasitic Migration 406

Epiphora 407

Epistaxis 410

Exophthalmos and Orbital Diseases 412

Facial Nerve Paresis/Paralysis 416

Fleas and Flea Infestation 418

Gastric Dilation (Bloat) 420

Gastrointestinal Foreign Bodies 422

Gastrointestinal Hypomotility and Gastrointestinal Stasis 425

Head Tilt (Vestibular Disease) 429

Heatstroke and Heat Stress 432

Hematuria 434

Herpes Simplex 436

Hypercalciuria and Urolithiasis 437

Incisor Malocclusion and Overgrowth 440

Incontinence, Urinary 443

Lameness 445

Lead Toxicity 447

Lower Urinary Tract Infection 449

Mastitis, Cystic and Septic 451

Melena 453

Myxomatosis 455

Nasal Discharge and Sneezing 456

Neck and Back Pain 459

Nephrolithiasis and Ureterolithiasis 461

Obesity 464

Otitis Externa and Media 466

Otitis Media and Interna 470

Paresis and Paralysis 473

Pasteurellosis 476

Periapical Abscesses 479

Pinworms (Oxyurids) 483

Pneumonia 484

Poisoning (Intoxication) 486

Polyuria and Polydipsia 488

Pruritus 490

Ptyalism (Slobbers) 492

Pyoderma 495

Pyometra and Nonneoplastic Endometrial Disorders 497

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease 499

Rabies 501

Red Eye 503

Renal Failure 506

Rhinitis and Sinusitis 509

Seizures 512

Shope Papilloma Virus 514

Spondylosis Deformans 515

Stertor and Stridor 517

Thymoma and Thymic Lymphoma 520

Toxoplasmosis 521

Treponematosis (Rabbit Syphilis) 523

Trichobezoars 524

Ulcerative Pododermatitis (Sore Hocks) 528

Urinary Tract Obstruction 531

Uterine Adenocarcinoma 534

Vaginal Discharge 536

Vertebral Fracture or Luxation 538

Weight Loss and Cachexia 540

Section V: Rodents

Acute Respiratory Distress 544

Alopecia 546

Amyloidosis 548

Anorexia and Pseudoanorexia 550

Ascites 552

Ataxia 554

Congestive Heart Failure 556

Constipation (Lack of Fecal Production) 558

Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Masses 561

Dental Malocclusion 563

Dermatophytosis 565

Diarrhea 567

Dysuria and Pollakiuria 570

Ectoparasites 572

Exophthalmos and Orbital Diseases 574

Head Tilt (Vestibular Disease) 577

Hematuria 579

Hyperadrenocorticism 581

Intestinal Parasitism 583

Lower Urinary Tract Infection 585

Lymphoma 587

Mammary Tumors 589

Mycoplasmosis and Chronic Respiratory Disease 591

Otitis Media and Interna 594

Ovarian Cysts 596

Pneumonia 597

Polyuria and Polydipsia 600

Pruritus 602

Rectal Prolapse 604

Red Tears (Chromodacryorrhea) 606

Renal Failure 607

Rhinitis and Sinusitis 610

Scent Gland Disorders 612

Sialodacryoadenitis Virus 613

Tyzzer’s Disease 615

Ulcerative Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot) 617

Uterine Disorders 619

Vaginal Discharge 621


Appendix I: Common Dosages for Ferrets 624

Appendix II: Normal Values for Ferrets 629

Appendix III: Common Dosages for Rabbits 631

Appendix IV: Normal Values for Rabbits 634

Appendix V: Common Dosages for Chinchillas 636

Appendix VI: Normal Values for Chinchillas 637

Appendix VII: Common Dosages for Guinea Pigs 639

Appendix VIII: Normal Values for Guinea Pigs 640

Appendix IX: Common Dosages for Selected Rodent Species 642

Appendix X: Normal Values for Selected Rodent Species 643

Index 651

“The second updated edition of Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal gathers all the latest information on diseases commonly seen in small exotic mammals, and is a 'must' for vet students and practicing clinicians alike . . . An alphabetical arrangement lends to quick and easy vet reference, while keys to medicines, appropriate health and nursing care, patient monitoring and disease prevention, and possible complications rounds out information in a key coverage highly recommended for any veterinary science holding.”  (Midwest Book Review, 1 October 2014)

“This book provides to-the-point content that is expected from the series and is priced consistently with other books in Blackwell’s Five-Minute series.”  (Journal of The American Veterinary Medical Association, 15 March 2013)

“In summary, this text does exactly as intended – to act as a quick reference guide during a consultation – and, therefore, is useful for those clinicians in need of assistance to formulate a suitable diagnostic and therapeutic plan.”  (Veterinary Times, 10 September 2012)

“The succinct and practical nature of the book makes it an excellent handy reference guide, with a surprising amount of detail on each condition.”  (Journal of Small Animal Medicine, 1 May 2012)

“Its succinct and practical nature makes it ideal for first-opinion practice. It is also an excellent starting point for those looking to develop an interest in the ‘exotic’ species, which these days are becoming more and more popular.”  (Veterinary Record, 14 April 2012)

“The succinct and practical nature of the book makes it an excellent handy reference guide, with a surprising amount of detail on each condition.”  (Journal of Small Animal Medicine, 2012) "Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult: Small Mammal, 2nd edition edited by Barbara L Oglesbee, pulls together a wide range of treatment details on veterinary medicine for small and exotic mammals and is a ‘must' for any practicing vet's library." (The Midwest Book Review, 1 November 2011) "This hardback book is a concise, easy reference, complied after gathering biological, medical and surgical data from a welcome increase in the literature on the common small mammals seen in veterinary practice ... The book is well set out." (Veterinary Practice, 1 November 2011) The 2nd edition of Blackwells’ Five Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Mammals has expanded from rabbits and ferrets to include guinea pigs, rodents (rats, mice, hamsters, gerbils) and chinchillas. Despite the addition of some species not present in Australia, the inclusion of guinea pigs androdents expands the Australian veterinary audience that will be able to use this book. The format is similar to the Canine and Feline Five Minute Manuals and, most importantly, focuses on conditions seen in the pet, not the laboratory mammal.  Each chapter is based on a species. The conditions listed are based broadly on diseases, but clinical signs, such as conjunctivitis, diarrhoea, anorexia and dyspnoea, will allow the clinician unsure of a diagnosis to confidently navigate the information in this book. Although the preface claims that some of the information is anecdotal, there are pertinent references at the end of each topic iffurther reading is desired. The information is current, with some newer treatment options listed. It is also helpful that the distribution of a disease is given, as some of these conditions are not seen in Australia, which can be confusing when reading overseas texts. The appendices are a useful tool to quickly find dose rates and indications. Laboratory values for different species are listed and include reference ranges in the units used in Australia and overseas. The supporting website has some handy client handouts that willassist clinicians in providing information for their clients. I would recommend this reasonably-priced text to vets interested in pocket pets, but also for those vets in general practice who need a quick reference guide to help them with the occasional sick small mammal consult. In terms of ease of use and condensing a large amount of information into a format that is quick and accessible, this book will give the ‘pink’ book on small mammals a run for its money.Anne FowlerBSc(Vet)(Hons), BVSc, MACVSc (Avian Health, Wildlife Health) Healesville, Victoria-December 2011
  • Provides a current, practical resource on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases seen in companion exotic mammals
  • Offers one-volume coverage of a broad range of common disorders
  • Adds new sections on chinchillas, guinea pigs, and rodents, with over 100 topics new to this edition
  • Presents additional topics and complete updates in the existing ferret and rabbit sections
  • Topics are listed alphabetically for efficient research and quick reference
  • Includes Client Education Handouts, available on a companion website at, for use in the veterinary clinic