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Caldron of Conflict: Eastern Europe 1918 - 1945



Caldron of Conflict: Eastern Europe 1918 - 1945

Edward D. Wynot Jr.

ISBN: 978-0-882-95947-4 October 1998 Wiley-Blackwell 140 Pages


Caldron of Conflict tells the story of Eastern Europe in the tumultuous, often violent years 1918-1945. After introducing the region, Wynot traces the differing paths each nation took from imperial rule to independence following World War I. The author next explores how each fared in the two decades of peace, when so many high political and economic hopes were dashed on the rocks of antidemocratic movements and the financial reefs of the Great Depression. It concludes with a survey of World War II and its aftermath.

Caldron of Conflict is essential reading for anyone trying to comprehend the recent and ongoing destruction in this explosive and pivotal region ofthe world.

Foreword vii

Preface xi

1. Eastern Europe: Caldron of Conflict 1

The Balkan Powderkeg 7

2. The Birth of Independent Eastern Europe 10

The “Subject Nationalities” at War 11

The Balkan States at War 18

The “Peace Settlement” in Eastern Europe 19

The “Peace Settlements” Evaluated 25

3. Growing Pains, 1920-1929 28

General Problems Common to Eastern Europe 28

The Newly Created States 32

The Balkan Kingdoms 42

4. Toward The Abyss, 1929-1939 52

The Great Depression 53

States Specifically Targeted for Conquest by Hitler 56

The Yugoslav Case 64

The Pro-Axis States 68

The Albanian Exception 76

5. Journey’s End: World War II, 1939-1945 81

The “Victim States” 82

The Axis Allies 95

Epilogue 108

Bibliographical Essay 112

Index 132


Eastern Europe, circa 1900 3

Eastern Europe, 1923 26

Eastern Europe, 1939-1947 106