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Calorimetry: Fundamentals, Instrumentation and Applications

Calorimetry: Fundamentals, Instrumentation and Applications

Stefan Mathias Sarge, Günther W. H. Höhne, Wolfgang Hemminger

ISBN: 978-3-527-64936-5

Mar 2014

304 pages

Description

Clearly divided into three parts, this practical book begins by dealing with all fundamental aspects of calorimetry. The second part looks at the equipment used and new developments. The third and final section provides measurement guidelines in order to obtain the best results.
The result is optimized knowledge for users of this technique, supplemented with practical tips and tricks.

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INTRODUCTION: Calorimetry: Definition, Application Fields and Units

Definition of Calorimetry
Application Fields for Calorimetry
First Example from Life Sciences
Second Example from Material Science
Third Example from Legal Metrology
Units

PART I: Fundamentals of Calorimetry

METHODS OF CALORIMETRY
Compensation of the Thermal Effect
Measurement of Temperature Differences
Summary of Measuring Principles

MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
Measurement of Amount of Substance
Measurement of Electric Quantities
Measurement of Temperatures
Chemical Composition

FUNDAMENTALS OF THERMODYNAMICS
States and Processes
Phases and Phase Transitions

HEAT TRANSPORT PHENOMENA
Heat Conduction
Convection
Heat Radiation
Heat Transfer
Entropy Increase during Heat Exchange
Conclusions Concerning Calorimetry

SURROUNDINGS AND OPERATION CONDITIONS
The Isothermal Condition
The Isoperibol Condition
The Adiabatic Condition
The Scanning Condition

MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION
Consequences of Temperature Relaxation within the Sample
Typical Results from Different Calorimeters
Reconstruction of the True Sample Heat Flow Rate from the Measured Function
Special Evaluations
Determination of the Measurement Uncertainty

PART II: Practice of Calorimetry

CALORIMETERS
Functional Components and Accessories
Heating Methods
Cooling Methods
Comments on Control Systems
Thermostats
On the Classification of Calorimeters
On the Characterization of Calorimeters
Isothermal Calorimeters
Calorimeters with Heat Exchange between Sample and Surroundings
Adiabatic Calorimeters
Other Calorimeters

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Microchip Calorimetry
Microchip Calorimetry
Extreme Ranges of State
Calorimetry as an Analytical and Diagnostic Tool

CALORIMETRIC MEASUREMENTS: GUIDELINES AND APPLICATIONS
General Considerations
Guidelines to Calorimetric Measurements
Calorimetric Applications

Index