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Career Counseling: Holism, Diversity, and Strengths, 4th Edition

Career Counseling: Holism, Diversity, and Strengths, 4th Edition

Norman C. Gysbers , Mary J. Heppner , Joseph A. Johnston

ISBN: 978-1-119-02644-0

Nov 2014

324 pages

Select type: E-Book



“This book establishes a new standard. The focus on ‘holism, diversity, and strengths’ sets a fresh direction for the field that will inspire today’s counselors. Distinct from other texts both in terms of style and ease of use, Career Counseling provides a practical model that connects theory, practice, and resources in hopeful and affirming ways, while offering readers new skills and insights.”

Rich Feller, PhD
University Distinguished Teaching Scholar, Colorado State University

Past President, National Career Development Association


“Gysbers, Heppner, and Johnston have continued their excellent contributions to the field with this 4th edition. Their approach is highly practical for counselors in helping diverse clients prepare for and manage the changing workplace and economy. I enthusiastically recommend this book as a must-have resource for counseling professionals and as a textbook for graduate counseling programs.” 

—Kenneth F. Hughey, PhD

Kansas State University


“We invite all students, professionals, and researchers to read this volume to enrich their practice, research, and the values by which they should be inspired to persist in being active agents of change in the world.”

—Laura Nota, PhD, and the Larios Vocational Psychology Team

University of Padova, Italy


The latest edition of this bestseller will help both counselors-in-training and experienced clinicians update and expand their existing knowledge and skills in career counseling with clients of all ages and circumstances. Significant attention is placed on expanding the career options and empowering the life choices of women; men; racial and ethnic minorities; gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender clients; clients from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds; and individuals with disabilities. Additional topics discussed include traditional and postmodern career theories and approaches, forming a productive alliance with the client, effective use of assessment inventories and instruments, helping clients respond to changes in the workplace and family life, working with resistant clients, developing client action plans, and bringing closure to the counseling process. A new chapter titled “Using Social Media in Career Counseling” rounds out this exceptional book. 

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Preface ix

Acknowledgments xiii

About the Authors xv

About the Contributors xvii

PART ONE Career Counseling in the 21st Century: Evolving Contexts, Challenges, and Concepts

Chapter 1 Career Counseling: A Life Career Development Perspective 3

Chapter 2 Ways of Understanding Career Behavior and Development: Selected Theories 21

Chapter 3 Empowering Life Choices: Career Counseling in the Contexts of Race and Class 51
Lisa Y. Flores

Chapter 4 Empowering Women’s Life Choices: An Examination of Gender and Sexual Orientation 79

Chapter 5 Empowering Men's Life Choices: An Examination of Gender and Sexual Orientation 105
With P. Paul Heppner

Chapter 6 Facilitating the Career Development of Individuals With Disabilities Through Empowering Career Counseling 129
John F. Kosciulek

Chapter 7 Helping Clients Understand and Respond to Changes in the Workplace and Family Life 141

PART TWO Client Goal or Problem Identification, Clarification, and Specification

Chapter 8 Opening Phase of the Career Counseling Process: Forming the Working Alliance 155

Chapter 9 Identifying and Analyzing Life Career Themes 163

Chapter 10 Life Career Assessment: An Interview Framework to Help Clients Tell Their Stories 179

Chapter 11 Career, Multicultural, Marital, and Military Family Genograms: Helping Clients Tell Their Stories About Their Career-Family Connections 197

Chapter 12 Gathering Client Information Using an Occupational Card Sort: Using Occupational Titles as Stimuli 209

Chapter 13 Gathering Client Information Using Selected Standardized Tests and Inventories: An In-Depth Approach 223

Chapter 14 Assessments That Focus on Strengths and Positive Psychology: The Clifton StrengthsFinder and the INSIGHT Inventory 237
With Patrick Handley

Chapter 15 Understanding and Working With Resistant Clients 253

PART THREE Client Goal or Problem Resolution

Chapter 16 Using Information, Taking Action, and Developing Plans of Action 269

Chapter 17 Using Social Media in Career Counseling 289
Amanda Nell

Chapter 18 Bringing Closure to Career Counseling 301

Index 311