Career Programming: Linking Youth to the World of Work: New Directions for Youth Development, Number 134
Across education, out-of-school-time programming, and workforce development, researchers and practitioners are seeking ways to bolster the career readiness of our nation’s youth, particularly low-income youth.
This issue brings together information from a variety of disciplines and fields to help researchers, practitioners, and policymakers understand what we know and need to learn to provide youth with effective, engaging career-related programming. The articles highlight key findings about how youth learn about careers and develop a vocational identity, whether adolescent employment is beneficial for youth, and how to align our various systems to promote positive youth development.
Models of career programming from education, afterschool, and workforce development are highlighted, as are strategies for collaborating with businesses. The volume emphasizes the practical implications of research findings, keeping the focus on how to develop evidence-based practices to support career development for youth.
This is the 134th volume of New Directions for Youth Development, the Jossey-Bass quarterly report series dedicated to bringing together everyone concerned with helping young people, including scholars, practitioners, and people from different disciplines and professions.
Issue Editors’ Notes 1
Kathryn Hynes, Barton J. Hirsch
Executive Summary 7
1. Career development during childhood and adolescence 11
Erik J. Porfeli, Bora Lee
A review of the literature on how children and adolescents develop careerrelated identities highlights important considerations for intervention.
2. Teenage employment and career readiness 23
Kaylin M. Greene, Jeremy Staff
This article highlights recent research on the prevalence of adolescent employment and its consequences and highlights implications for practice.
3. What schools are doing around career development: Implications for policy and practice 33
Justin C. Perry, Eric W. Wallace
This article describes the history of schools’ involvement in career programming and identifies promising models for the future.
4. Support for career development in youth: Program models and evaluations 45
Megan A. Mekinda
After describing the evaluation findings from four programs offering career development, this article highlights lessons for future program design.
5. Marketable job skills for high school students: What we learned from an evaluation of After School Matters 55
Kendra P. Alexander, Barton J. Hirsch
An in-depth exploration of data from the After School Matters evaluation highlights an important component of career programming and a promising area for intervention.
6. Development in youth enterprises 65
Stephen F. Hamilton, Mary Agnes Hamilton
This article describes several programs involving youth in enterprises and highlights how these programs connect to important principles of youth development.
7. Building business-community partnerships to support youth development 77
Based on experience working with the private sector, the author suggests ways to build community partnerships, with a special focus on engaging private employers in the effort.
8. Supporting vocationally oriented learning in the high school years: Rationale, tasks, challenges 85
Drawing from diverse research fields, this article highlights the limitations of our current system of education and suggests strategies for improvement.
9. Next steps for research and practice in career programming 107
Drawing from the various perspectives presented in this volume, this article highlights areas for further research and practice.