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Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables

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Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables

M. Kemal Atesmen

ISBN: 978-1-119-52487-8 November 2018 200 Pages

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Description

Covers a wide range of practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer problems

This book covers the many issues that occur in practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer, and examines the basic laws (the conservation of matter, conservation of momentum, conservation of energy, and the second law of thermodynamics) of these areas. It offers problem solutions that start with simplifying engineering assumptions and then identifies the governing equations and dependent and independent variables. When solutions to basic equations are not possible, the book utilizes historical experimental studies. It also looks at determining appropriate thermo-physical properties of the fluid under investigation, and covers solutions to governing equations with experimental studies.

Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables offers chapters on: draining fluid from a tank; vertical rise of a weather balloon; wind drag forces on people; Venturi meter; fluid’s surface shape in a rotating cylindrical tank; range of an aircraft; designing a water clock; water turbine under a dam; centrifugal separation of particles; ideal gas flow in nozzles and diffusers; water supply from a lake to a factory; convection mass transfer through air-water interface; heating a room by natural convection; condensation on the surface of a vertical plate in laminar flow regime; bubble rise in a glass of beer; and more.

  • Covers a broad spectrum of problems in practical fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer
  • Examines the basic laws of fluid mechanics, heat transfer and mass transfer
  • Presents solutions to governing equations with experimental studies

Case Studies in Fluid Mechanics with Sensitivities to Governing Variables will appeal to engineers working in thermo-physical sciences and graduate students in mechanical engineering.

Series Preface vii

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

About the Author xiii

Introduction xv

1 Draining Fluid from a Tank 1

2 Vertical Rise of a Weather Balloon 9

3 Stability of a Floating Cone inWater 17

4 Wind Drag Forces on People 23

5 Creeping Flow Past a Sphere 29

6 Venturi Meter 39

7 Fluid’s Surface Shape in a Rotating Cylindrical Tank 45

8 Pin Floating on Surface of a Liquid 53

9 Small Raindrops 59

10 Range of an Aircraft 63

11 Designing a Water Clock 67

12 Water Turbine under a Dam 75

13 Centrifugal Separation of Particles 81

14 A Simple Carburetor 89

15 Ideal Gas Flow in Nozzles and Diffusers 97

16 Laminar Flow in a Pipe 103

17 Water Supply from a Lake to a Factory 109

18 Air or Water Flow Required to Cool a PC Board 113

19 Convection Mass Transfer through Air–Water Interface 123

20 Heating a Room by Natural Convection 129

21 Laminar Flow through Porous Material 137

22 Condensation on the Surface of a Vertical Plate in a Laminar Flow Regime 145

23 A Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow in a Pipe 153

24 Bubble Rise in a Glass of Beer 163

References 169

Index 171