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Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 3: Synthesis and Processing

Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 3: Synthesis and Processing

Ralf Riedel (Editor), I-Wei Chen (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-63196-4 December 2011 554 Pages

 E-Book

$296.99

Description

Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites.

Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides.

Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.
PART I: Powders

POWDER COMPACTION BY DRY PRESSING
Introduction
Fundamental Aspects of Dry Pressing
Practice of Uniaxial Compaction
Practice of Isostatic Compaction
Granulation of Ceramic Powders

TAPE CASTING
Use of the Tape Casting Process
Process Variations
Tape Casting Process
Components of the Slurry
Preparation of the Slurry and its Properties Tape Casting
Machining, Metallization, and Lamination
Binder Burnout
Firing
Summary

HYDROTHERMAL ROUTES TO ADVANCED CERAMIC POWDERS AND MATERIALS
Introduction to Hydrothermal Synthesis
Engineering Ceramic Synthesis in Hydrothermal Solution
Materials Chemistry of Hydrothermal Ceramic Powders
Ceramics Processed from Hydrothermally Synthesized Powders
Summary

LIQUID FEED-FLAME SPRAY PYROLYSIS (LF-FSP) IN THE SYNTHESIS OF SINGLE- AND MIXED-METAL OXIDE NANOPOWDERS
Introduction
Basic Concepts of Nanopowder Formation During LF-FSP
Can Nanoparticles Be Prepared That Consist of Mixed Phases?
Which Particle Morphologies Can be Accessed?
Can Nanopowders Be Doped?

SOL-GEL PROCESSING OF CERAMICS
Introduction
Principles of Sol-Gel Processing
Porous Materials
Hybrid Materials
Bioactive Sol-Gel Materials

PART II: Densification and Beyond

SINTERING
Sintering Phenomena
Solid-State Sintering
Liquid-Phase Sintering
Summary

HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING AND GAS-PRESSURE SINTERING
Introduction
Sintering Mechanisms with Applied Pressure
Silicon Nitride Ceramics: Comparison of Capsule HIP and Sinter-HIP Technology
Other Applications

HOT PRESSING AND SPARK PLASMA SINTERING
Introduction Advantages of Sintering Under a Uniaxial Pressure
Conventional Hot Presses
SPS Set-Up
Unique Features and Advantages of the SPS Process
The Role of High Pressure
The Role of Rapid and Effective Heating
The Role of Pulsed Direct Current
Microstructural Prototyping by SPS
Potential Industrial Applications

FUNDAMENTALS AND METHODS OF CERAMIC JOINING
Introduction
Basic Phenomena in Ceramic Joining
Methods of Joining
Conclusions

MACHINING AND FINISHING OF CERAMICS
Introduction
Face and Profile Grinding
Current Status and Future Prospects
Double-Face Grinding with Planetary Kinematics
Ultrasonic-Assisted Grinding
Abrasive Flow Machining
Outlook

PART III: Films and Coatings

VAPOR-PHASE DEPOSITION OF OXIDES
Introduction
Summary

METAL-ORGANIC CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION OF METAL OXIDE FILMS AND NANOSTRUCTURES
Introduction
Metal Oxide Film Deposition
The Precursor Concept in CVD
Metal Oxide Coatings
Summary

PART IV: Manufacturing Technology

POWDER CHARACTERIZATION
Introduction
Chemical Composition and Surface Characterization Particle Sizing and Data Interpretation
Physical Properties
Summary

PROCESS DEFECTS
Introduction
Bulk Examination Methods
Characterization Methods for Green Compact
Process Defects in Ceramics

NONCONVENTIONAL POLYMERS IN CERAMIC PROCESSING: THERMOPLASTICS AND MONOMERS
Introduction: Ceramic Green Bodies as Filled Polymers
Thermoplastics in Ceramic Processing
A Brief Review of Thermoplastics Used in Ceramic Forming
Melt Spinning of Fibers
Single-Component Extrusion and "Plastics Processing"
Thermoplastic Green Machining
Thermoplastic Coextrusion
Crystallinity in Thermoplastics
Compounding Thermoplastic Blends Volumetric Changes in Thermoplastic-Ceramic Compounds
Polymer Formation by Polymerization of Suspensions in Monomers
Summary

MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY: RAPID PROTOTYPING
Introduction
Outline of Ceramic Processing
Solid Freeform Fabrication
Additive Prototyping Processes
Sheet-Based Processes
Formative Prototyping Methods
Casting Methods
Plastic-Forming Methods Subtractive Methods
Examples of SFF
Summary

PART V: Alternative Strategies to Ceramics

SINTERING OF NANOGRAIN CERAMICS
Introduction
Background: What Went Wrong With Conventional Thinking?
Two-Step Sintering of Y2O3
Two-Step Sintering of Other Ceramics
Conclusions

POLYMER-DERIVED CERAMICS
Introduction
Preceramic Polymers
Polymer-to-Ceramic Transformation
Processing Techniques for PDCs
High-Temperature Behavior of PDCs
Electrical Properties of PDCs
Magnetic Properties of PDCs Polymer-Derived Ceramic Membranes
Microfabrication of PDC-Based Components for MEMS Applications
Summary and Outlook

HIGH-PRESSURE ROUTES TO CERAMICS
Introduction
Static High-Pressure Techniques
Shock-Wave Techniques
Synthesis of Cubic Silicon Nitride