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Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 4: Applications

Ceramics Science and Technology, Volume 4: Applications

Ralf Riedel (Editor), I-Wei Chen (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-67673-6

Aug 2013

544 pages

$334.99

Description

Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk
material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as
electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, and aerospace materials. In addition to plain,
hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites.

Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks
out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides. Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and
medical researchers alike will fi nd this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.
PREFACE

PART ONE: Structural Applications

OXIDATION AND CORROSION OF CERAMICS
Introduction
Silica-Forming Ceramics
Alumina-Forming Ceramics
Ultrahigh-Temperature Ceramics
Oxide Ceramic Degradation Mechanisms
Concluding Remarks

THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS
Introduction
Manufacturing Routes
YSZ-Based TBCS
New TBC Systems
Summary

CERAMIC FILTERS AND MEMBRANES
Ceramics in Hot Gas Filtration
Ceramic Membranes for Liquid Filtration
Ceramic Membranes for Pervaporation/Vapor Permeation
Ceramic Membranes for Gas Separation

HIGH-TEMPERATURE ENGINEERING CERAMICS
Introduction
Engineering Ceramic Systems
Turbine Engine Applications
Applications for Rocket Propulsion and Hypersonic Vehicles
Friction Materials
Concluding Remarks: Barriers to Application

ADVANCED CERAMIC GLOW PLUGS
Introduction
Glow Plugs
Metal-Type Glow Plugs
Ceramic Glow Plugs
Fabrication Procedure of Heater Elements for Ceramic Glow Plugs
Material Design of the Ceramic Heater Element
Silicon Nitride Ceramics
Conclusions

NANOSIZED AND NANOSTRUCTURED HARD AND SUPERHARD MATERIALS AND COATINGS
Introduction: Small is Strong
Different Mechanisms of Hardness Enhancement in Coatings
Mechanisms of Decomposition of Solid Solution and Formation of Nanostructure
Industrial Applications of Nanocomposite and Nanostructured Coatings on Tools
Conclusions and Future Challenges

POLYMER-DERIVED CERAMICS: 40 YEARS OF RESEARCH AND INNOVATION IN ADVANCED CERAMICS
Introduction to Polymer-Derived Ceramics (PDCs)
Preceramic Polymer Synthesis
Processing of Preceramic Polymers
Microstructure of PDCs
Properties of PDCs
Applications of PDCs
Conclusions and Outlook

PART TWO: Functional Applications

MICROWAVE CERAMICS
Introduction
Microwave Dielectric Properties
Overview of Microwave Dielectric Materials
Crystal Chemistry of Perovskite and Tungsten-Bronze-Type Microwave Ceramics
Microstructural Features in High-Q Perovskites
Glass-Free Low-Temperature Co-Fired Ceramic LTCC Microwave Materials

CERAMIC FUEL CELLS: PRINCIPLES, MATERIALS, AND APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Fuel Cell Systems Efficiency and the Role of Ceramic Fuel Cells
Ceramic Fuel Cell Systems and Applications to Date
Efficiency and Principles of Ceramic Fuel Cells
Historical Overview of Ceramic Fuel Cells
SOFC Materials and Properties
New Approaches for Ceramic Fuel Cells
Concluding Remarks

NITRIDOSILICATES AND OXONITRIDOSILICATES: FROM CERAMIC MATERIALS TO STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY
Introduction
Synthetic Approaches
1D Nitridosilicates
2D Nitridosilicates
3D Nitridosilicates
Chemical Bonding in Nitridosilicates
Material Properties
Outlook

CERAMIC LIGHTING
Introduction
Solid-State Lighting and White Light-Emitting Diodes
Ceramic Phosphors
White Light-Emitting Diodes Using Ceramic Phosphors
Outlook

CERAMIC GAS SENSORS
Introduction: Definitions and Classifications
Metal-Oxide-Based Gas Sensors: Operational Principles and Sensing Materials
Performance Characteristics
Nano-Micro Integration
Mechanism of Gas Detection
Characterization Methodology
Conclusions and Outlook

OXIDES FOR LI INTERCALATION, LI-ION BATTERIES
Introduction
Why Oxides are Attractive as Insertion Materials
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt- and Nickel-Based Oxides
Copper
Conclusion

MAGNETIC CERAMICS
Background
Introduction
Magnetite
Doped Manganites
Ferrimagnetic Double Perovskites
Iron Nitrides and Summary