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Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2013



This collection of proceedings from one of the most popular TMS symposia explores the current progress in the characterization of materials. Addressing technologies, applications, and innovative research, these papers cover definations of ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys, minerals, advanced and soft materials, and inorganic materials. Extraction and environmental applications, as well as surface, joint, and processing of metals. This is a valuable reference for scientists and engineers working with materials in the minerals, metals, and materials industry.

About the Editors xiii

Characterization of Ferrous Metals

Application of Thermoelectric Power Technique to Study the Static Strain Ageing of Heavily Cold Drawn Steel 3
A. Lamontagne, X. Kleber, V. Massardier, and D. Mari

Analysis of the Welded 100-Meter Heavy Rails for Passenger Dedicated Lines Being Broken during the Straightening Process 11
R. Chao, J Yu, and Z Min

Effect of Continuous Cooling Rate on Microstructural Transformation of 60Si2CrVAT Spring Steel 21
B. Zhou, Y. Liang, Q. Luo, J. Zhang, Q. Li, and K. Chou

Effect of Centrifugal and Gravity Casting Technique over Metallographic and Mechanical Properties of Spheroidal Graphite Iron 29
D. Gowda H S, M. Pudukottah, and M. Herbert

Inclusions Removal by Gas Bubbles in Steel Continuous Casting Tundish 37
M. Zhu, F. Xiong, G. Wen, S. Cao, and J. Li

Strength and Ductility of Ultrafine Grained 304SS Prepared by Accumulative Rolling and Annealing 45
W. Xue, Y. Shen, D. Liu, Z. Liu, and Y. Wang

Characterization of Nonferrous Metal and Alloys

Characterization of AA5754 Alloy for Identification of Barlat’s YLD2000-2d Yield Criterion 55
O. Dion-Martin, M. Fafard, R. Ahmed, and G. D'Amours

Characterization Technologies

Automated Quantification of SiC-Particles in Solidified A356 Aluminum Using Imagepro® Plus 7.0 69
R. Fritzsch, B. Mirzaei, M. Kennedy, and R. Aune

Quantitative X-Ray Fluorescence Determination of Elemental Composition of Micro-Constituents Smaller than the Electron Probe Volume 79
A. Gesing, P. Marchwica, S. Lackie, and J. Sokolowski

Three-Dimensional Duplex Morphology of MnS-AlN and Thermodynamic Analysis 91
Y. Gong, C. Cai, J. Chen, S. Zheng, and H. Li

Characterization of Inorganic Materials

Dissolution Mechanism of Lime in FeOx-SiO2-V2O3-TiO2 Slag 101
R. Tang, Y. Wang, S. Wang, K. Wen, H. Li, and B. Xie

Estimation of Slag in Ferrochromium 109
R. Kozicki, G. Wrightson, and E. Graham

Improved Thermal Shock Resistance of Shaped Alumina-Chromia Products 119
S. Breyner, T. Prietl, and K. Santowski

Solidification Characteristics of Fe-Mn Alloy during Near-Rapid Solidification 127
Y. Guo, K. Xie, W. Xia, S. Zhao, C. Song, and Q. Zhai

The Effect of Work-Hardening and Heat Treatment of Mild-Carbon Steel on Cyclic Deformation Behavior 135
G. Tober, C. Ruback, M. Kuttig, and P. Maier

Green Materials

Study on the Hydraulic Ash-Slag Cementitious Composites (HA-SC) Solidification of Dredged Sludge 145
Z. Shu Jing, and H Xinghua

Evaluation of Sisal Fibers Components by Infrared Spectroscopy 153
A. Camposo, F. Margem, R. Loiola, and S. N. Monteiro

Tensile Behavior of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Continuous and Thinner Buriti Fibers 159
G. Altoé, R. Loiola, F. Margem, N. Simonassi, and S. Monteiro

Influence of the Red Mud Content in Mechanical Properties of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites 167
M. Oliveira, E. Cunha, J. da Silva Souza, and E. Macedo

Flexural Mechanical Characterization of Polyester Composites Reinforced with Continuous Banana Fibers 175
S. Monteiro, F. Margem, F. de Assis, R. Loiola, and J. Igor Margem

Characterization for Environmental Applications

LaCoO3: The Efficient Catalyst to Purify Pollutant Gases 183
F. Fazlollahi, H. Atashi, and M. Sarkari

Characterization of the Clay Soil of the Neighborhood Codin, Located in Campos (RJ), to Produce Soil-Cement Blocks 191
J. Alexandre, A. Azevedo, and G. Xavier

Study of Mortars Used in the Projection Mechanized 199
G. Xavier, J. Alexandre, and A. Azevedo

Study on Treatment of Coking Wastewater by Three-Dimensional Fluid Bed Electrode Reactor Combined with Fenton Process 209
L. Zhang, L. Wang, P. Liu, B. Fu, G. Xue, and X. Liu

Study on Correlation between COD and TOC of Industrial Wastewater 217
S. Liu, G. Xue, and J. Zhou

Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2-Doped Diopside 225
H. Yang, D. Liu, Z. Yang, X. Xue, T. Jiang, and Y. Li

Characterization of Advanced Materials

A Comparison between the Properties of SnO2:F Thin Films Prepared by Using Different Doping Compounds: HF and NH4F 235
S. Ikhmayies

Ab-Initio Calculations of the Optical Properties of Δ-NbN Single Crystal 243
S. Ikhmayies, B. Hamad, and J. Khalifeh

Photoluminescence of n-Type CdS Thin Films 251
S. Ikhmayies

Photoluminescence of P-Type CdTe Thin Films 259
S. Ikhmayies

Structural and Electronic Properties of Δ-NbN Single Crystal: First Principles Calculations 267
S. Ikhmayies, B. Hamad, and J. Khalifeh

Electrochemical Characterization of Lead-Calcium Alloy in Agitated Zinc Electrowinning Electrolyte 275
M. Mohammadi, F. Mohammadi, and A. Alfantzai

Effects of Rare Earth Pr on the Mechanical and Electrochemical Properties of Pb-based Alloys 283
L. Jiang, X. Yu, B. Hong, X. Zhong, J. Gui, Y. Lai, J. Li and Y. Liu

Synthesis and Characterization of Pb Free Piezoelectric Ceramics – Barium Zirconate Titanate - Barium Calcium Titanate 291
P. Praveen, K. Kumar, T. Jayaraman, A. James, and D. Das

Characterization of High Performance Alloys

Characterizing Primary Dendritic Microstructures to Quantify the Processing- Structure-Property Relationship in Single Crystal Nickel-Based Superalloys 301
M. Tschopp, A. Oppedal, J. Miller, M. Groeber, A. Rosenberger, and K. Solanki

Creep Cavitation and Fracture in Single Crystal Superalloy 311
J. Zhao, J. Li, and S. Liu

SCW Corrosion Resistance of Candidate Stainless Steels 319
J. Li, W. Zheng, S. Penttilä, P. Liu, and C. Bibby

High-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Three Ferrite Stainless Steels at 800°C 327
T. Liu, L. Chen, H. Bi, and X. Che

Characterization of Minerals

A Minimum Pollution, Low Energy Process for the Recovery of Cobalt and Copper from Complex Sulphide Minerals 335
Y. Hara

Characteristics and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics of Spinels in Vanadium Slag Containing High Content of Chromium 345
H. Fang, H. Li, T. Zhang, C. Liu, C. Li, and B. Xie

Characterization and Dry High Intensity Magnetic Separation of Aswan Iron Ore 355
M. Sadawy

Experiment Study on Sintering Process Optimization of High Chromium Vanadium-Titanium Magnetite 363
Y. Zhang, J. Liu, G. Cheng, Z. Liu, M. Chu, and X. Xue

Physicochemical Properties of Slags Generated during the Copper Converting Process 371
H. Zhang, X. Shi, F. Sun, X. Li, and X. Hong

Reduction Mechanisms of Copper, Cobalt and Iron during Low Temperature Recovery from Mineral Sulphide Concentrates 379
Y. Hara

Microwave Dielectric Characterization of Silicon Dioxide 389
Z. Peng, J. Hwang, B. Kim, M. Andriese, and X. Wang

The Effect of Temperature on Dielectric Permitivity and Microwave Absorption Properties of Anthracite in Microwave Field 397
C. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Peng, B. Liu, H. Xia, H. Chen, and K. Huang

Recovery of High Grade SnO2 from Cassiterite Ore by Microwave Pretreatment, Leaching and Precipitation 407
G. Onyedika, M. Ogwuegbu, E. Ejike, A. Asuwaji, and C. Nwoye

Research on a Novel Technology of Interactive Roast of Complex Low-grade Bismuth Sulfide Ore and Pyrolusite 415
Z. Wang, C. Zhang, C. Xia, J. Zhan, and J. Wu

Characterization of Soft Materials

Comparison between HDPE/Clay and HDPE/Piassava Fiber/Clay Treated by Electron-Beam Radiation 425
A. Ortiz, C. Escanhoela, M. Gomes, R. Oliveira, F. Díaz, and E. Moura

Investigation on the Thermal Conductivity of Inorganic-Filler/Resin Composite 433
K. Monden

Weibull Analysis of the Elastic Modulus of Bamboo Fiber of the Specimen Dendrocalmus Giganteus 441
L. Martins, S. Monteiro, F. Margem, R. Loiola, A. Pereira, and J. Margem

Characterization of Tensile Properties of Jute Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites 449
I. da Silva, A. Bevitori, A. Pereira, V. da Silva, F. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Composite Based on Poly(Vinyl Alcohol), Starch and Sugarcane Bagasse Ashes 455
D. Jacomo, M. Gomes, J. Teixeira, V. Silva, R. Oliveira, A. Castillo, and E. Moura

Tensile Behavior of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Continuous and Aligned Ramie Fibers 465
A. Bevitori, I. da Silva, N. Simonassi, C. Oliveyra, F. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Tensile Strength of Epoxy Matrix Composites Reinforced with Giant Bamboo Fibers (Dendrocalmus Giganteus) 473
L. Martins, F. Margem, S. Monteiro, R. Loiola, N. Simonassi, and J. Margem

Surface, Joint, and Processing of Metals

A Route to Fracture Prediction of Spot Welded Boron Steel in Automotive Applications 483
N. Raath, D. Hughes, D. Norman, I. McGregor, and R. Dashwood

Coating Characterization in CrN Deposited by Magnetron Sputtering Method on AISI 316 Steel 491
I. Hilerio, M. Barrón, D. Medina, and R. Hernández

Characterization for Extraction Applications

Co-Intensification of Bio-Oxidizing As-Bearing Gold Ores 501
L. Qian, Y. Hong-Jing, Y. Yong-Bin, J. Tao, Z. Yan, and B. Guo-hua

Effect of Copper and Ammonia on Consumption of Thiosulfate in Gold Leaching Solutions 511
J. Tao, W. Dan, Y. Yong-bin, and L. Qian

Composition Control of the Precursor of Fibrous Ni-Co Alloy Powders by Coordinated Coprecipitation 519
J. Zhan, C. Zhang, and Y. Yao

The Contrastive Studies of Microwave and Conventional Roasting CuCl Residue from Zinc Hydrometallurgy 529
L. Shuaidan, Y. Wei, S. Ju, J. Peng, H. Chang-yuan, G. Wu, and L. Zhang

Organophilization of a Brazilian Kaolin Clay 541
C. Matos, M. Valenzuela, O. Magalhães, I. Sayeg, L. de Sant'Anna, F. Carvalho, and F. Díaz

Indium Extraction Process from Sulfuric Pressure Leaching Solution for Vacuum Furnace Germanium Slag 547
H. Cao, J. Wang, B. Wu, J. Wang, and J. Li

Research on Desilication Technology from Acid Leaching of High-Grade Silic Stone Coal 553
Q. Zhao, W. Chen, S. Tang, K. Yu, X. Xing, and S. Ning

Reformulation of a Roofing Tiles Body 561
C. Vieira, and S. N. Monteiro

Author Index 567

Subject Index 571