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Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015

Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials 2015

John S. Carpenter (Editor), Chengguang Bai (Editor), J. Pablo Escobedo-Diaz (Editor), Jiann-Yang Hwang (Editor), Shadia Ikhmayies (Editor), Bowen Li (Editor), Jian Li (Editor), Sergio Neves Monteiro (Editor), Zhiwei Peng (Editor), Mingming Zhang (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-09339-8

Feb 2015

680 pages



This collection of proceedings focuses on the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials as well as the application of characterization results on the processing of these materials. Papers cover topics such as clays, ceramics, composites, ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals, minerals, electronic materials, magnetic materials, environmental materials, advanced materials, and soft materials.  In addition, papers covering materials extraction, materials processing, corrosion, welding, solidification, and method development are included.   This book provides a current snapshot of characterization in materials science and its role in validating, informing, and driving current theories in the field of materials science.  This proceedings volume will serve the dual purpose of furnishing a broad introduction of the field to novices while simultaneously serving to keep subject matter experts up-to-date.
Preface xv

About the Editors xvii

Session Chairs xxv

Characterization of Ferrous Metals

Study of Age Hardening Behavior in a 350 Grade Maraging Steel 3
L. de Carvalho, R. Plaut, M. Martorano, and A. Padilha

Characterization of Welding and Solidification

Laser Welding between TWIP Steels and Automotive High-Strength Steels ... 13
P. Spena, M. Rossini, L. Cortese, P. Matteis, G. Scavino, and D. Firrao

Undercooling of Rapidly Solidified Droplets and Spray Formed Strips of Al-Cu(Sc) 21
A. Bogno, P. Natzke, S. Yin, and H. Henein

Selective Laser Melting: Characteristics of IN718 Powder and Microstructures of Fabricated IN718 Sample 29
X Sun, S. Liu, J. Bao, and K. Kang

Method Development in Characterization

Advanced FIB Applications in Materials Research at CanmetMATERIALS ...41
J. Li, P. Liu, R. Zhang, and J. Lo

Cyclic Hardness Test PHYBALCHT: A New Short-Time Procedure to Estimate Fatigue Properties of Metallic Materials 49
H. Kramer, M. Klein, and D. Eifler

Innovative Procedure for the Characterisation of Thermo-Mechanical

Properties of Carbon Base Materials Using the Gleeble® 3800 System 57
D. Racine, D. Lukovnikov, D. Marceau, and D. Laroche

Solid Solution Characterization in Metal by Original Tomographic Scanning Microwave Microscopy Technique 65
E. Bourillot, P. Vitry, V. Optasanu, C. Plassard, Y. Lacroute, T. Montessin, and E. Lesniewska

Characterization of Material Processing and Corrosion

Comparsion of the Mechanisms of Void Formation by Plastic Deformation in Single- and Dual-Phase BCC-Steels 75
G. Gerstein, H. Besserer, F. Nürnberger, and H. Maier

Characterization of Sintering Dust, Blast Furnace Dust and Carbon Steel Electric Arc Furnace Dust 83
F. Chang, S. Wu, F. Zhang, H. Lu, and K. Du

Influence of Mineralogical Characteristics of Iron Ore on Formation and Flow of Liquid Phase 91
B. Su, S. Wu, and G. Zhang

Effect of Pressure on the Corrosion of Materials in High Temperature Water ..99
W. Li, O. Woo, D. Guzonas, J. Li, X Huang, R. Sanchez, and C. Bibby

The Effect of Strain Reversal during High Pressure Torsion on the Micro structure Evolution and Texture of Aluminum Alloys 107
K. Chadha, P. Bhattacharjee, and M. Jahazi

Characterization of Composites

Bending Mechanical Behavior of Polyester Matrix Reinforced with Fique Fiber 117
G. Altoé, P. Netto, M. Barcelos, A. Gomes, F. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Weibull Analysis of the Behavior on Tensile Strength of Hemp Fibers for Different Intervals of Fiber Diameters 123
L. Rohen, F. Margem, A. Neves, M. Gomes, S. Monteiro , C. Vieira, R. de Castro, and G. Borges

Preparation and Characterization of Natural Rubber/Organophilic Clay Nanocomposites 131
M. Gonzales-Fernandes, F. Esper, M. Silva-Valenzuela, G. Martín-Cortés, F. Valenzuela-Diaz, and H. Wiebeck

Tensile Properties of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Continuous PALF Fibers 139
G. Gloria, G. Altoé, Y. Moraes, R. Loyola, F. Margem , and S. Monteiro

Replacement of Carbon Black on Natural Rubber Composites and Nanocomposites - Part 1 145
G. Martín-Cortés, F. Esper, A. de Araujo, W. Hennies, M. Valenzuela, and F. Valenzuela-Diaz

Flexural Mechanical Characterization of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Continuous Banana Fibers 153
F. de Assis, P. Netto, F. Margem, R. Loiola, and S. Monteiro

Influence of the Nanoclay Cloisite 20A Incorporation on Properties of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) 159
J. Sales, A. Silva, F. Valenzuela-Diaz, and E. Moura

Characterization of Non-Ferrous Metals

Characterization of Closed-Cell Aluminium Foams Subjected to Compressive Loading 167
M. Islam, J. Escobedo, P. Hazell, G. Appleby-Thomas, and M. Quadir

Characterization of Materials Extraction

Improvement on Performance of Mg-C Refractories as Lining of Vanadium-Extraction Converters 177
W. Huang, L. Xu, S. Zhang, and M. Chen

Analysis on Deep Treatment Effect of Coking Wastewater Using 3D Electrode Combined with Fenton Reagent 185
L. Zhang, L. Wang, P. Liu, B. Fu, J. Hwang, and S. Chen

Characterization of Steelmaking Desulfurization Slag 193
M. Bógala, M. Zhang, and R. Reddy

Development and Characterization of Nanomaterials for Zinc Vapor Capture 201
P. Korinko and S. Murph

Separation of Roasted Coating and Core in Double-Layered Pellet Roasting for Pretreatment of Sulfur and Arsenic-Bearing Gold Concentrate 209
T. Jiang, X Li, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and J. Ge

Prediction for the Surface Tension of Fe0-Ti02-Ti203-X(Si02, CaO, MgO) Slag Systems 217
Y. Liu, X Lv, and C. Bai

Characterization of Soft Materials

Constitutive Modeling of a Glass Fiber-Reinforced PTFE Gasketed-Joint Under a Re-Torque 227
J. Williams and A. Gordon

Microwave Absorption Characteristics of Tire 235
Y. Zhang, J. Hwang, Z. Peng, M. Andriese, B. Li, X Huang, and X. Wang

Optical Evaluation for Biomimetic Microlens Array on PDMS Sheet 245
K. Monden

Behavior of Linear Low Density Polyethylene Films Under UV Ageing for Agricultural Application 253
P. Poveda, H. Viana, and L. Silva

Photoacoustic Thermal Characterization of Malva Fibers 259
J. Margem, V. Gomes, R. Faria, F. Margem, T. Cordeiro, M. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Mechanical, Morphological and Thermal Properties of Acai Fibers Reinforced Biodegradable Polymer Composites 265
C. Wataya, R. Lima, R. Oliveira, and E. Moura

Influence of Clay Exfoliation on the Properties of EVOH/Clay Flexible Films 273
M. Machado, R. Godoy, A. Silva, R. Lima, R. Oliveira, F. Valenzuela-Diaz, and E. Moura

Characterization of Minerals

Chemical Resistance of Ornamental Compound Stone Produced with Marble Waste and Unsaturated Polyester 283
C. Ribeiro, R. Rodriguez, and C. Vieira

Characterization of Feldspar by Instrumental Analytical Techniques 291
Z. Aliyu, A. Garkida, E. Ali, and M. Dauda

Microwave Power Absorption Characteristics of Iron Oxides 299
Z. Peng, J. Hwang, M. Andriese, Y. Zhang, G. Li, and T. Jiang

Qualitative and Mineralogical Characterization of Lead Deposit in Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria 307
G. Onyedìka, K. Onwukamike, C. Onyenehide, andM. Ogwuegbu

Sintering Characteristics of Iron Ores with Addition of Laterite Nickel Ores 317
X. Li, J. Zhang, C. Yao, Y. Zhang, Z. Shi, and F. Wang

Characterization of Clays and Ceramics

Alumina Superfines Based Geopolymeres: Developments and Characterization 327
N. Nagem, M. Costa, V. Silva, A. Henriques, A. Mansur, A. Peres, and H. Mansur

Densification and Mechanical Properties of Reaction Sintered Al203-Mg0-Ca0 Refractory 337
L. Xu, L. Jin, X. Yin, and M. Chen

Influence of Sintering Temperature on Micro structure and Properties of Magnesia Partially Stabilized Zirconia Ceramics 345
L. Jiang, S. Guo, Y. Liu, Y. Bian, S. Chen, X Zhang, G. Yang, and W. Ding

Evaluation of Structural Clay Brick Masonry Units by Weibull Analysis and Brazilian Code and Specifications 353
N. Azeredo, J. Alexandre, A. Azevedo, C. Xavier, S. Monteiro, E. Zanelato, and R. Oliveira

Brazilian Bentonite Submitted to Mild Acid Treatment Under Moderated Conditions 361
C. Andrade, V. Justo, D. Fermino, M. Valenzuela, C. Volzone, and F. Valenzuela-Diaz

Increase of Flexural Strength of Red Ceramic Pieces Incorporated with Ornamental Rock Waste: Application of Weibull Statistic for Determination of Best Firing Temperature 369
C. Piazzarollo, G. Xavier, J. Alexandre, A. Azevedo, and S. Monteiro

Characterization of Electronic, Magnetic, Environmental, and Advanced Materials

Shape Memory Characteristics of Rapidly Solidified Ti-37.8Cu-18.7Ni Alloy Ribbons 379
A. Ramos and W. de Castro

Effects of Casting Conditions on the Structure and Magnetic Properties of the Co-19 at.%Al-6 at. %W Alloy 385
N. Kazantseva, N. Stepanova, M. Rigmant, D. Davidov, D. Shishkin, and E. Romanov

Characterization of the Phase Composition of Nanosized Lithium Titanates Synthesized by Inductive Thermal Plasma 393
F. Quesnel, G. Soucy, J. Veilleux, P. Hovington, W. Zhu, and K. Zaghib

Improved Hydrogen Storage Properties of Mg(BH4)2-Mg(AIH4)2 Combined Systems 401
H. Xiao, H. Leng, Z. Yu, Q. Li, and K. Chou

Optical Parameters of CdSi_yTey Thin Films 409
S. Ikhmayies

Poster Session

The Effects of High A1203 on the Metallurgical Properties of Sinter 419
W. Yu, H. Zuo, J. Zhang, and T. Zhang

Characterization of Formulations with Ornamental Rock Waste and Clays to Produce Ceramic Paver 427
C. Vieira, T. Motta, and S. Monteiro

Evaluation of Thermoelectric Methods for the Detection of Fretting Damage in 7075-T6 and Ti-6A1-4V Alloys 435
H. Carreon

Optimization Research of Peritectic Steel Mold Flux with C0203 Doping .... 443
C. Junfu, X Junlin, H. Feng, J. YangHwang, W. Entong, C. Tongyou, P. Zhugang, Z. Jianjun, Y. Chengwei, and F. De

Effect of Potential on Characteristics of Oxide Product Layers on Chalcopyrite 449
J. Yu and H. Yang

Pullout Tests Behavior of Epoxy Matrix Reinforced with Malva Fibers 457
J. Margem, S. Monteiro, V. Gomes, M. Margem, and F. Margem

Tensile Strength of Polyester Composites Reinforced with Fique Fibers 465
G. Altoe, P. Netto, M. Teles, G. Daniel, F. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Characterization of Polyester Matrix Reinforced with Banana Fibers Thermal Properties by Photoacoustic Technique 471
F. de Assis, P. Netto, F. Margem, A. Pereira, and S. Monteiro

Hot-Pressing and Mechanical Properties of BN Based Composites 479
M. Liu , Y. Song, X. Xu, G. Xu, G. Xue, and J. Liu

Experimental Study of Advanced Treatment of Coking Wastewater Using PFS Coagulation-Photocatalytic Oxidation Technology 487
L. Zhang, L. Wang, P. Liu, B. Fu, J. Hwang, and S. Chen

Phase Transformation and Element Migration in the Oxidation Process of Nickel-Copper Sulfide Ore 495
G. Li, H. Cheng, X Zou, X Lu, C. Lu, D. Wang, Z. Zhou, and Q. Xu

Sintering and Performance of High Alumina Refractory with Zr02 Addition 503
L. Xu and M. Chen

Iron Recovery from Copper Slag Through Oxidation-Reduction Magnetic Concentration at Intermediate Temperature 509
Z. Wu, C. Chen, Y. Feng, and X Hong

Characterization and Evaluation of Incorporation the Casting Sand in Mortar 517
E. Zanelato, A. Azevedo, J. Alexandre, C. Xavier, S. Monteiro, and T. Mendonga

Carbonization of Coals Mixed Iron Ore Fines and Gasification of Resulting Iron Coke with Co2: Transformation of Iron Minerals and Coke Properties 523
S. Zhang, W. Liu, S. Qiu, M. Yang, M. Li, and H. Peng

Experimental Investigation on High Temperature Roasting of Basic Oxygen Furnace Slag 533
R. Wei, M. Hu, F. Yin, and Y. Liu

Experimental Study on Semi-Dry Flue Gas Desulfurization Ash Used in Steel Slag Composite Material 541
L. Lu and H. Fang

Effect of Manganese on the Formation Mechanisms of Silico-Ferrite of Calcium and Aluminum (SFCA) 549
L. Xia, X Li, J. Zhang, C. Yao, J. Guo, and C. Zhang

Izod Impact Test in Epoxi Matrix Composites Reinforced with Hemp Fiber ..557
L. Rohen, F. Mar gem, A. Neves, S. Monte iro, M. Gomes, R. de Castro, C. Mauricio, and F. de Paula

Zinc Recovery from Zinc Oxide Flue Dust during the Neutral Leaching Process by Ultrasound 563
X Zheng, J. Li, A. Ma, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and S. Yin

Microhardness and Deformation Storage Energy Density of NiTi Thin Films 571
Y. Li, X. Wang, W. Zheng, and F. Meng

Morphology and Distribution of Nb-Rich Phase and Graphite in Nb Microalloyed Ductile Iron 579
H. Li, C. Yang, Z. Wei, X. Chen, and Q. Zhai

Cause Analysis on Buildup Formation of Carbon Sleeve in Continuous Annealing Furnace for Non-Oriented Silicon Steel Produced by CSP Process 587
M. He, S. Peng, G. Xue, Y. Ouyang, J. Zhang, H. Chen, and B. Liu

Analysis of the Feasibility of Using Soil from the Municipality of Goytacazes/RJ for Production of Soil-Cement Brick 595
J. Alexandre, A. Azevedo, M. Theophilo, C. Xavier, A. Paes, S. Monteiro, F. Margem, and N. Azeredo

Effects of Niobium Microalloying on the Pearlite of Ductile Iron 601
C. Yang, W. Zhang, H. Li, X. Chen, and Q. Zhai

Evaluation of Palf Fibers Elasticity Modulus with Different Diameters by Weibull Analysis 607
G. Gloria, G. Altoe, Y. Moraes, P. Netto, F. Margem, and S. Monteiro

Research on Reasonable Particle Size of Coal Blends for Blast Furnace Injection: Semi Coke and Bituminous Coal 613
H. Wang, R. Xu, T. Song, and P. Zhang

Recovery of Copper from Slow Cooled Ausmelt Furnace Slag by Floatation 621
P. Xue, G. Li, and Q. Qin

Characterization of Mechanical Properties of PP/HMSPP Blends with Natural and Synthetic Polymers Subjected to Gamma-Irradiation 629
E. Cardoso, S. Scagliusi, and A. Lugao

Effect of Mercerization and Electron-Beam Irradiation on Mechanical Properties of High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) / Brazil Nut Pod Fiber (BNPF) Biocomposites 637
R. Campos, M. Sotenko, M. Hosur, S. Jeelani, F. Diaz, E. Moura, K. Kirwan, and E. Seo

Analysis of Porosity and Flexural Strength Changes of Red Ceramic Pieces Incorporated with Ornamental Rock Waste 645
C. Piazzarollo, G. Xavier, J. Alexandre, A. Azevedo, S. Monteiro, and L. Pedroti

Effects of Accelerated Thermal Aging on Polypropylene Modified by Irradiation Process 651
W. Oliani, D. Fermino, L. de Lima, A. Lugao, and D. Parra

Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene Nanocomposites with Organoclay and Discarded Bond Paper 659
D. Fermino, W. Oliani, C. Andrade, A. Lugao, D. Parra, and F. Diaz

Recovery of Mercury and Lead from Wastewater by Sulfide Precipitation-Flotation 667
Q. Li, T. Liu, and P. Deng

Clinker Production from Waste: From Cellulose Industry and Processing Marble and Granite Industry 675
G. Pedroti, C. Vieira, J. Alexandre, S. Monteiro, L. Justino, and C. Xavier

Study of Wettability of Clayey Ceramic and Fluorescent Lamp Glass Waste Powders 681
A. Morais, S. Monteiro, S. Ribeiro, L. Sardinha, and C. Vieira

Biodegradable Starch/Copolyesters Film Reinforced with Silica Nanoparticles: Preparation and Characterization 687
R. Lima, R. Oliveira, C. Wataya, and E. Moura

Cyanidation Study of Slag Rich in Silver 695
M. Pérez-Labra, J. Romero-Serrano, E. Avila-Davila, M. Reyes-Pérez, F. Barrientos-Hernández, and I. Lira -Hernández

Thermophysical Properties of Modified Ti-Bearing Blast Furnace Slags 703
Y. Sun and Z. Zhang

PHYBALsit Fatigue Assessment and Life Time Calculation of the Ductile Cast Iron EN-GJS-600 at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures 711
B. Jost, M. Klein, and D. Eifler

Gold Leaching Characteristics and Intensification of a High S and As-Bearing Gold Concentrate 719
Y. Yang, X Liu, T. Jiang, Q. Li, B. Xu, and Y. Zhang

Electrochemical Properties of Al-Cu Alloys in NaCl Solutions 727
A. Roman, C. Méndez, C. Schvezov, and A. Ares

Evaluation of Acid Treatment on Brown Bentonite 735
C. Andrade, V. Justo, C. Matos, M. Valenzuela, C. Volzone, andF. Valenzuela-Diaz

Numerical Simulation of the Copper Steel Composite Stave Heat

Transfer in the Belly and Lower Shaft Region of the Blast Furnace 743
Q. Liu, S. Cheng, J. Niu, and D. Liu

Effect of Applied Pressure on the Tribological Behaviour of Dual Particle Size Rutile Reinforced LM13 Alloy Composite 755
R. Arora, S. Kumar, G. Singh, and O. Pandey

Investigation on Mechanical and Thermal Behaviours of Copolyester/PLA Blend Reinforced with Ti02 Nanoparticle 763
R. Lima, R. Oliveira, V. Rangari, SJeelani, and E. Moura

Influence of Cu2+ and Zn2+on the Dissolution of Ag in S203 2" Medium 769
J. Juárez, I. Rivera, F. Patino, J. Hernández, M. Reyes, and M. Hernández

Photocatalytic H2 Production under Visible Light Irradiation on Novel Heterostructure NiS/ZnS Nanosheet Photocatalyst 777
L. Li, J. Chen, J. Hwang, J. Liu, Y. Zhou, L. Lu

Author Index 785

Subject Index 789