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Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials

Characterization of Minerals, Metals and Materials

Jiann-Yang Hwang (Editor), Sergio Neves Monteiro (Editor), Chengguang Bai (Editor), John S. Carpenter (Editor), Mingdong Cai (Editor), Donato Firrao (Editor), Byoung-Gon Kim (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-37130-5

May 2012

500 pages


This state-of-the-art reference contains chapters on all aspects of the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials.

The title presents papers from one of the largest yearly gatherings of materials scientists in the world and thoroughly discusses the characterization of minerals, metals, and materials

The scope includes current industrial applications and research and developments in the following areas:

• Characterization of Ferrous Metals
• Characterization of Non-Ferrous Materials
• Characterization of Minerals and Ceramics
• Characterization Technologies
• Characterization of Environmental and Construction Materials
• Characterization of Energy, Electronic and Optical Materials
• Characterization of Carbon and Soft Materials
• Characterization of Light Metals

An excellent reference for global extractive and process metallurgy industries, materials scientists and engineers, metallurgists, and mechanical engineers.


Preface xiii

Editors xv

Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials

Characterization of Ferrous Metals I

Characterization of the Microstructure of Compacted Graphite Cast Iron 3
V. Rastegar

EBSD Analysis of Complex Microstructures of CSP Processed Low Carbon Micro-Alloyed Steels 11
C. Reip, R. Flender, and M. Frommert

Empirical Models of Cold Working Effect in Steel Tube Production 19
R. Batson, and J. Zhang

Microstructural Investigation of Carbon Steel after Hot Rolling to Optimize Complex Hot Forming of Thick Plates 27
G. Tober, O. Anopuo, and P. Maier

Microstructural Characterization of Fe-Mn-C Ternary Alloy under Near-Rapid Solidification 35
W. Xia, R. Yang, C. Song, and Q. Zhai

Effects of Surface Modifications on SCW Corrosion Resistance 43
J. Li, S. Penttilä, and W. Zheng

Interface Mass Transfer during the Tribofinishing Process 49
I. Hilerio, D. Medina, V. Cortes, and J. Muñoz

Characterization of Non-Ferrous Materials

Improvement of Mechanical Properties in Severely Plastically Deformed Ni-Cr Alloy 61
K. Song, H. Kirn, H. Son, and W. Kim

Processing and Microstructural Control of Copper Foams for Thermal Wick Material Systems 69
K. Ledford, S. Lin, andJ. Nadler

Characterization of Minerals and Ceramics

A Novel Low-Energy Route for the Extraction of Copper And Cobalt Metals/Alloys from the Zambian Sulphide Concentrates 79
K. Hara, and A. Jha

Structural and Chemical Modification of Sulfide Mineral Surfaces by High-Power Nanosecond Pulses 89
I. Bunin, V. Chanturiya, A. Kovalev, I. Khobarova, and E. Koporulina

Characterization of Magnetic and Non-Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized by Different Routes 99
A. Maich, E. Er dem, and F. Doyle

Characterization of Concentrate, Pellet and DRI Samples for Trace Elements 107
M. Zhang

The Dielectric and the Temperature-rising Characteristics of Ore Fines Materials in Microwave Field 115
H. Zhu, L. Dai, J. Peng, W. Liang, Z. Wei, Z Weng, Q. Ye, and J. Chen

Characterization on the Roughness of the Iron Ore Particles 123
X. Lv, X. Huang, R. Zhang, and M. Zhou

Synthesis and Characterization of Al, Ag, Ti, Cu, and B Substituted Hydroxylapatite, 131
C. Er gun, T. Webster, G. Gunes, A. Bahadir, H. Liu, and I. Erden

Electric Resistivity of Fine Chromite Ore 139
C. Pan, X. Lv, C. Bai, X. Liu, and D. Li

Melting and Reduction of Manganese Sinter with Fluxes 147
T. Brynjulfsen and M. Tangstad

Ceramic Pigments with Spinel Structure Obtained by Low Temperature Methods 155
O. Restrepo, E. Chavarriaga, and L. Jaramillo

Mechanical Characterization of Cellular Ceramic Materials 163
W. Aechar, F. Bar celos, and L. Pereirá

Study of Attapulgite for Human Health 169
W. Aechar, T. Mow a, A. Costa, and L. Barreto

Characterization Technologies

3D Metallography of Multiphase Steels 177
M. Fischer, P. Lutomski, A. Stieben, and W. Bleck

Characterization of Open-Pored Metals Using Image Processing 185
B. Hinze, and J. Roesler

Thermography Assisted Fatigue Testing 193
A. Saiga!, R. Gu, C. San Marchi, and D. Matson

Characterization of Environmental and Construction Materials

Tile Production Using Wastes from Mining Industry of the Mining District Pachuca and Real Del Monte 203
J. Hernandez, E. Salinas, F. Patino, I. Rivera, J. Flores, N. Trápala, M. Pérez, M. Flores, and I. Reyes

Concrete with Cementitious Steel Slag Composites and Its Applications 211
H. Fang, J. Hwang, G. Xue, and L. Lu

Characterization of Dust Generated in the BOF Converter 221
E. Junca, J. Oliveira, D. Espinosa, and J. Tenorio

Experimental Research to Improve the Soundness of Cementitious Material Blended with Cycled Fluidized Bed Ash 229
S. Zhu and X. He

Production of Apatitic Material Using Turkish Colemanite Mineral 239
C. Moral, T. Basargan, and G. Nasun-Saygih

Setting Time of Concrete Material; Laboratory Measurements Versus Field Applications 251
M. Riad, S. Shoukry, and G. William

Gas Emission and Structural Changes in the Firing of Red Clay Ceramics with Addition of Sanitary Ware Mass Wastes 259
R. Faria, V. Souza, S. Cosin, R. Toledo, and H. Vargas

Characterization of Energy, Electronic and Optical Materials

Influence of La2O3 Additive Content on the Phase Stability, Sintering and Microstructure of 8 MOL% Y2O3 Stabilized Cubic Zirconia (8YSZ) Ceramic Used for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications 269
S. Tekeli, B. Aktas, and S. Salman

Development and Characterization of Carbonaceous Materials Incorporated with Metal (Ti, V and Zn )-Organic Compounds for Hydrogen Storage 277
M. Nath, A. Kumar, and A. Mallick

Characterization of Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles for Hydrogen Adsorption with External Electric Field 285
Z. Zhang, X. Sun, Z. Peng, and J. Hwang

Nanocrystalline CdS Thin Films Prepared by Vacuum Evaporation 293
S. Ikhmayies

Structure-Property Correlation of xPb(Ni0.33Nb0.67)O3-(1-x)Pb(Zr0.31Ti0.69)O3 Based Relaxor-Ferroelectric Ceramics Synthesized Via Columbite
Precursor Method 303
B. Mallesham, T. Jayaraman, A. James, and D. Das

The Characteristics of Optical Recording Media Affected by the Accelerating Aging Test 311
D. Huang, J. Lin, T. Lin, J. Chen, M. Lin, and J. Tsai

A Comparison between the Properties of Spray-Pyrolyzed SnO2:F/CdS:In Structures Prepared by Using NH4F and HF as a Source of Fluorine 319
S. Ikhmayies, and R. Ahmad-Bitar

Characterization and Preparation of Anti-Reflection Coatings in the RANGE of 3-5 um for Si Optical Window 327
K. Iqbal, A. Maqsood, M. Mujahid, and M. Asghar

Characterization of Carbon and Soft Materials

Thermal Properties of Polyester Composites Incorporated with Coir Fiber 341
H. Santafé Júnior, N. Simonassi, and S. Monteiro

Investigating the Rheology of LCPs through Different Die Geometries 349
A. Ahmadzadegan, M. Zimmerman, and A. Saigal

Effect of the Fiber Equivalent Diameter on the Elastic Modulus and Density of Sisal Fibers 357
A. Camposo Pereira, W. Pereira Inacio, F. Muylaert Margem, and S. Neves Monteiro

Correlation between the Density and the Diameter of Buriti Fibers 365
A. de Paula Barbosa, M. Picanqo Oliveira, A. da Silva Crespo, N. Suely Silva Santos, F. Muylaert Margem, and S. Neves Monteiro

Thermal and Morphological Behavior of EVOH/Piassava Fiber Composites 373
B. Nogueira, A. Chinellato, A. Ortiz, A. Parveen, V. Rangari, and E. Moura

Thermal Behavior of Banana Fiber 381
F. Muylaert Margem, L. Barbosa de Souza Martins, N. Carneiro Garcia Rosa, and S. Neves Monteiro

Comparative Studies of Crushing Behavior of Various Fiber Reinforced Skin Polyurethane Foam Cored Composite Sandwich Structures 387
K. Sharma, and M. Sripathy

Elastic Modulus Variation with Diameter for Ramie Fibers 395
A. Barreto Bevitori, L Leño Amoral da Silva, R. Sopeletto Carreiro, F. Muylaert Margem, and S. Neves Monteiro

Comparative Study of the Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber/HDPE Composite Properties Using Electron-Beam and Gamma Radiation Treatments 403
A. Pereira, A. Soria, A. Abreu, A. Chinellato, N. del Mostro, and E. Moura

Characterization of Light Metals

Influence of Deformation on the Properties of Carbon-Fiber Reinforced 2024 Alloy Matrix Composites 413
L. Wu, and G. Yao

Microstructure and Deformation Behavior of Mg-Zn-Al-Re Magnesium Alloy 421
J. Zhang, F. Pan, and C. Bai

Microstructures and Tensile Mechanical Properties of Mg-9Zn-0.6Zr-2Er Magnesium Alloy 427
J. Zhang, and B. Zhang

Nanobond - The Perfect Refractory Choice for Quick Lining and Repairing of Aluminium Melting Furnaces 435
T. Schemmel, H. Jansen, B. Kesselheim, and U. Kremer

Characterization of Grit Blasted Metallic Biomaterials by Thermoelectric Power Measurements 443
H. Carrean, & Barriuso, J. González-Carrasco, F. Garcia-Cahallero, and M. Lieblich

Characterization of the Torsional Response of As-cast A359-SiCp-30% at Elevated Temperatures 451
J. DeMarco, J. Karl, K Sohn, and A. Gordon

Characterization of Ferrous Metals II

Comparison of Creep Life Assessment between Tin-Based Lead-Free Solders and Lead Solders 479
K. Monden

Correlationship between JIC and Equivalent Fracture Strain Determined by Small-Punch Test in JN1S JJ1 and JK2 Austenitic Stainless Steels 487
V. Lopez-Hirata, M. Saucedo-Muñoz, and T. Hashida

Effect of Heat Treatment on the Surface Characteristics of AISI D2 Steel Machined by Wire EDM 495
M. Dhobe, I. Chopde, and C. Gogte

Hot Deformation Study by Processing Maps of N Containing Microalloyed Steel 503
M. Dikovits, C. Poletti, F. Warchomicka, G. Chaudhari, and V. Pancholi

Influence of Annealing Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Cold-Rolled Sheet of Fe-36Ni Invar Alloy 511
X. Jiang, L. Li, X. Xia, J. Huang, and Q. Zhai

Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Inconel 600/SS 400 Lap Joints 519
K. Song, W. Kim, and K. Nakata

Author Index 527

Subject Index 531