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Chemical Marine Monitoring: Policy Framework and Analytical Trends

Chemical Marine Monitoring: Policy Framework and Analytical Trends

Philippe Quevauviller (Editor), Patrick Roose (Editor), Gert Verreet (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-119-99082-6

Apr 2012

472 pages

Description

Wide- scale chemical monitoring programmes are required by international conventions and European Union policies such as the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) and the new EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). This entails all waters, including transitional and coastal waters, sediments and biota.

The final volume in the Water Quality Measurement Serieshighlights policy frameworks and analytical trends with an emphasis on laboratory methods and quality control.

Within this comprehensive text, the following sections are included:

  • Setting the Scene; monitoring of pollutants
  • Policy Settings; international conventions and EU marine strategy
  • Marine monitored parameters; trace elements, chemical species, organic micropollutants, and nutrients
  • Types of monitoring; classical chemical monitoring, biomonitoring and in-situ methods
  • Quality assurance; certified reference materials for marine monitoring
  • Research and developments; the role of sediments in coastal monitoring, and passive sampling technologies

Chemical Marine Monitoring: Policy Framework and Analytical Trends is intended for postgraduates and researchers working in analytical chemistry and its application to environmental and health analyses. Those interested in developing new methods and materials in relation to drinking water regulations with also find this book beneficial.

Series Preface vii

Preface ix

The Series Editor – Philippe Quevauviller xi

List of Contributors xiii

PART 1 SETTING THE SCENE 1

1 Monitoring of Pollutants: A Historical Perspective for the North-East Atlantic Region 3
Kees J.M. Kramer

PART 2 POLICY SETTINGS 29

2 International Conventions 31
Patrick Roose

3 EU Marine Strategy 49
Gert Verreet

PART 3 MARINE MONITORED PARAMETERS, MATRICES AND RELATED TECHNIQUES 69

4 Trace Elements 71
Martin M. Larsen, Jens Søndergaard, Gert Asmund, Koen Parmentier, and Peter Vermaercke

5 Chemical Species 101
David Amouroux, Fabienne Seby, Mathilde Monperrus, Florence Pannier, Carolina Mendiguchia, Christelle Benoit-Bonnemason, and Olivier F.X. Donard

6 Organic Micropollutants 161
Robin J. Law, Lynda Webster, Norbert Theobald, Heather S. Rumney, and Jacob de Boer

7 Nutrients 197
Carlos Rocha and Malcolm Woodward

PART 4 TYPES OF MONITORING 223

8 Classical Chemical Monitoring of the Marine Environment 225
Colin F. Moffat, Lynda Webster, and Rob Fryer

9 Biomonitoring 261
Michael Haarich

10 Use of In-Situ Methods 285
Richard Greenwood, Graham A. Mills, Gary R. Fones, and Kees J.M. Kramer

PART 5 QUALITY ASSURANCE 313

11 Certified Reference Materials for Marine Monitoring 315
Francesca Pellizzato, Evin McGovern, and Philippe Quevauviller

PART 6 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTS 375

12 The Role of Sediments in Coastal Monitoring 377
Gra˙zyna Kowalewska, Maria J. Belzunce-Segarra, Birgit Schubert, Peter Heininger, and Susanne Heise

13 Passive Sampling Technologies 397
Graham A. Mills, Gary R. Fones, Kees Booij, and Richard Greenwood

PART 7 CONCLUSIONS 433

14 Conclusions and Outlook 435
Gert Verreet, Patrick Roose, and Philippe Quevauviller

Index 439