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Chemical Micro Process Engineering: Fundamentals, Modelling and Reactions

Chemical Micro Process Engineering: Fundamentals, Modelling and Reactions

Volker Hessel, Steffen Hardt, Holger Löwe

ISBN: 978-3-527-60304-6

Jan 2005

712 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Micro process engineering is approaching both academia and industry. With the provision of micro devices and systems by commercial suppliers, one main barrier for using these units has been eliminated. More and more they become familiar, thereby being one facet of the upheaval in chemical industry.
This book focuses on processes rather than on devices: what is 'before' and 'behind' micro device fabrication. A comprehensive and detailed overview is given on:
- A multi-faceted, hierarchic analysis of chemical micro process technology
- Modelling and simulation of micro reactors
- Liquid- and liquid/liquid-phase reactions
- Gas/liquid reactions
- Gas-phase reactions (heterogeneous catalysis)
Preface.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations.

1. A MULTI-FACETED, HIERARCHIC ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL MICRO PROCESS TECHNOLOGY.

1.1 Micro Reactor Differentiation and Process Intensification.

1.2 Consequences of Chemical Micro Processing.

1.3 Physical and Chemical Fundaments.

1.4 Impact on Chemical Engineering.

1.5 Impact on Process Engineering.

1.6 Impact on Process Results.

1.7 Impact on Society and Ecology.

1.8 Impact on Economy.

1.9 Application Fields and Markets of Micro Reactors.

2. MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF MICRO REACTORS.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Flow Phenomena on the Micro Scale.

2.3 Methods of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

2.4 Flow Distributions.

2.5 Heat Transfer.

2.6 Mass Transfer and Mixing.

2.7 Chemical Kinetics.

2.8 Free Surface Flow.

2.9 Transport in Porous Media.

3. GAS-PHASE REACTIONS.

3.1 Catalyst Coatings in Micro Channels: Techniques and Analytical Characterization.

3.2 Micro Reactors for Gas-Phase Reactions.

3.3 Oxidations.

3.4 Hydrogenations.

3.5 Dehydrogenations.

3.6 Substitutions.

3.7 Eliminations.

3.8 Additions and Coupling Reactions.

4. LIQUID- AND LIQUID/LIQUID-PHASE REACTIONS.

4.1 Micro Reactors for Liquid-phase and Liquid/Liquid-phase Reactions.

4.2 Aliphatic Nucleophilic Substitution.

4.3 Aromatic Electrophilic Substitution.

4.4 Aliphatic Electrophilic Substitution.

4.5 Aromatic Nucleophilic Substitution.

4.6 Aromatic Substitution by Metal Catalysis or Other Complex Mechanisms.

4.7 Free-radical Substitution.

4.8 Addition to Carbon–Carbon Multiple Bonds.

4.9 Addition to Carbon–Hetero Multiple Bonds.

4.10 Eliminations.

4.11 Rearrangements.

4.12 Oxidations and Reductions.

4.13 Organic Synthesis Reactions of Undisclosed Mechanism.

4.14 Inorganic Reactions.

5. GAS/LIQUID REACTIONS.

5.1 Micro Reactors for Gas/Liquid Reactions.

5.2 Aromatic Electrophilic Substitution.

5.3 Free Radical Substitution.

5.4 Addition to Carbon–Carbon Multiple Bonds.

5.5 Addition to Carbon–Heteroatom Multiple Bonds.

5.6 Oxidations and Reductions.

5.7 Inorganic Reactions.

Index.

"In conclusion this is an excellent, comprehensive summary of the state-of-the-art in micro reactors and should be read by all process chemists and engineers interested in the field.... every industrial library involved in process R&D and chemical manufacture should purchase a copy." (Organic Process Research & Development)

"The critical evaluation of currently known microprocessors, the comprehensive analysis of the literature plus the numerous references make Chemical Micro Process Engineering a real handbook of chemical microtechnology, which will serve as a valuable information source for scientists of all disciplines. ...
This book is a must for anyone interested in the application of microdevices to chemistry, and is of interest for chemists seeking new reactions, new conditions, and new catalysts, as well as for chemical engineers interested in process intensification.... However, because of its highly informative contents with many references, analyses of literature data, and critical evaluations of existing microsystems, this book is a true handbook of microdevices applied to chemistry, from which readers can derive valuable information for their own work." (Angewandte Chemie I.E., Vol. 43, No. 48, 2004)

"It is clear that this book will help the chemical engineer to identify a relevant microreactor to implement a given chemical reaction. In this period where time is more than ever money, this book will be useful to quickly investigate the capabilities of these new devices to replace conventional ones in respect to both economical and ecological reasons." (CIT - Chemie Ingenieur Technik)