DescriptionA comprehensive introduction, examining both macroscopic and microscopic aspects of the subject, the book applies the theory of thermodynamics to a broad range of materials; from metals, ceramics and other inorganic materials to geological materials.
Focusing on materials rather than the underlying mathematical concepts of the subject, this book will be ideal for the non-specialist requiring an introduction to the energetics and stability of materials. Macroscopic thermodynamic properties are linked to the underlying miscroscopic nature of the materials and trends in important properties are discussed.
- A unique approach covering both macroscopic and microscopic aspects of the subject
- Authors have worldwide reputations in this area
- Fills a gap in the market by featuring a wide range of real up-to-date examples and covering a large amount of materials
1. Thermodynamic foundations.
1.1 Basic concepts.
1.2 The first law of thermodynamics.
1.3 The second and third laws of thermodynamics.
1.4 Open systems and non-expansion work.
2. Single-component systems.
2.1 Phases, phase transitions and phase diagrams.
2.2 The gas phase.
2.3 Condensed phases.
3. Solution thermodynamics.
3.1 Fundamental definitions.
3.2 Thermodynamics of solutions.
3.3 Standard states.
3.4 Analytical solution models.
3.5 Integration of the Gibbs-Duhem equation.
4. Phase diagrams.
4.1 Binary phase diagrams from thermodynamics.
4.2 Multi-component systems.
4.3 Predominance diagrams.
5. Phase stability.
5.1 Supercooling of liq uids - superheating of crystals.
5.2 Fluctuations and instability.
5.3 Metastable phase equilibria and kinetics.
6. Surfaces, interfaces and adsorption.
6.1 Thermodynamics of interfaces.
6.2 Surface effects on heterogeneous phase equilibria.
6.3 Adsorption and segregation.
7. Trends in enthalpy of formation.
7.1 Compound energetics: trends.
7.2 Compound energetics: rationalization schemes.
7.3 Solution energetics: trends and rationalization schemes.
8. Heat capacity and entropy.
8.1 Simple models for molecules and crystals.
8.2 Lattice heat capacity.
8.3 Vibrational entropy.
8.4 Heat capacity contributions of electronic origin.
8.5 Heat capacity of disordered systems.
9. Atomistic solution models.
9.1 Lattice models for solutions.
9.2 Solutions with more than one sub-lattice.
9.4 Non-stoichiometric compounds.
10. Experimental thermodynamics.
10.1 Determination of temperature and pressure.
10.2 Phase equilibria.
10.3 Energetic properties.
10.4 Volumetric techniques.
11. Thermodynamics and materials modelling (by Neil L. Allan).
11.1 Interatomic potentials and energy minimization.
11.2 Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics.
11.3 Quantum mechanical methods.
11.4 Applications of quantum mechanical methods.
Symbols and Data.