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Chest X-rays for Medical Students

Chest X-rays for Medical Students

Christopher Clarke, Anthony Dux

ISBN: 978-0-470-65619-8 November 2011 Wiley-Blackwell 140 Pages


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Chest X-rays for Medical Students is a unique teaching and learning resource that offers students, junior doctors, trainee radiologists, nurses, physiotherapists and nurse practitioners a basic understanding of the principles of chest radiology.
  • Provides a memorable way to analyze and present chest radiographs – the unique ‘ABCDE’ system as developed by the authors
  • Explains how to recognize basic radiological signs, pathology and patterns associated with common medical conditions as seen on plain PA and AP chest radiographs
  • Presents each radiograph twice, side by side - once as would be seen in a clinical setting and again with the pathology clearly highlighted
  • Includes a section of self-assessment and presentation exercises to test knowledge and presentation technique

Ideal for study and clinical reference, this book will be the ideal companion for any medical student, junior doctor or trainee radiographer.

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Preface vii

Acknowledgements viii

Learning objectives checklist ix

Part 1

About X-rays 1

What are X-rays? 1

How are X-rays produced? 1

The resulting image on the X-ray film 2

How are X-ray images (radiographs) stored? 2

Hazards and precautions 3

Radiation hazards 3

IRMER 2000 3

In women of reproductive age 3

Chest X-ray (CXR) views 4

PA erect CXR 4

Other views 4

Normal anatomy on a PA chest X-ray 5

Normal anatomy 15

Normal anatomy 25

Normal anatomy 36

Normal anatomy 47

Normal anatomy 58

Normal anatomy 68

Normal anatomy 79

Normal anatomy 89

Presenting a chest radiograph 10

Be systematic 10

Film quality 11

Rotation 11

Adequate inspiration 13

Part 2

Overview of the ABCDE of chest X-rays 14

The ABCDE of chest X-rays 15

Part 3

Common conditions and their radiological signs 94

Pulmonary embolism 94

Bronchial carcinoma 94

Heart failure 95

Pneumonia 97

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 97

Tuberculosis 98

Asbestos-related lung disease 103

Self-assessment questions 108

Self-assessment answers 113

Glossary 122

Index 128