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Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, 2nd Edition



Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, 2nd Edition

Jeremy P. Shapiro

ISBN: 978-1-118-72207-7 July 2015 656 Pages

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Comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of therapy

Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition relies on both psychotherapy research and clinical expertise to create a comprehensive guide to evidence-based practice for providers of child and adolescent therapy. It includes explanations of all major theoretical orientations and the techniques associated with each, with application to the major diagnostic categories. This updated Second Edition includes a new chapter on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies (Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy), incorporation of recent neuroscience research, instruction in Motivational Interviewing, and guidance in using therapeutic diagrams with young clients.

The book models the thought process of expert therapists by describing how the science and art of therapy can be combined to provide a strong basis for treatment planning and clinical decision-making. Theoretical concepts, empirically supported treatments, and best practices are translated into concrete, detailed form, with numerous examples of therapist verbalizations and conversations between counselor and client. Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition:

  • Explains the work of therapists from the ground up, beginning with fundamentals and moving on to advanced theory and technique
  • Covers the major theoretical approaches: behavioral, cognitive, mindfulness-based, psychodynamic, constructivist, and family systems
  • Guides therapists in planning effective treatment strategies with balanced consideration of outcome research, cultural factors, and individual client characteristics
  • Connects treatment planning with the diagnostic characteristics of the major child and adolescent disorders

For both students and skilled clinicians looking for new ideas and techniques, Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition offers a thorough, holistic examination of how best to serve young therapy clients.

Related Resources

Preface: The Therapist’s Challenge xi

Acknowledgments xiii

Part I The Tools Of The Therapist

1 Therapy Fundamentals 3

The Therapeutic Orientation Toward Clients 4

Getting Started 8

Basic Child Therapy Skills 13

Overcoming Obstacles to Client Engagement 25

Simple Therapeutic Interventions 33

Therapeutic Collaborations 37

Termination 39

Summary 41

2 Behavior Therapy 43

Learning Theory 44

Assessment and Case Formulation 50

Change Processes 54

Outcome Research 55

The Therapist’s Style 58

Exposure 59

Contingency Contracting 60

Relaxation Training 67

Social Skills Training 69

Summary 73

3 Cognitive Therapy 75

Cognitive Theory 76

Assessment and Case Formulation 82

Change Processes 86

Outcome Research 87

The Therapist’s Style 89

Self-Monitoring 91

Self-Instruction 93

Self-Reinforcement 94

Socratic Questioning 96

Cognitive Restructuring 98

Tests of Evidence 100

Personal Experiments 103

Using Spectra to Develop Moderation 104

Summary 108

4 Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies 110

Mindfulness and Psychotherapy 111

What Causes Mental Health Problems? 115

Assessment and Case Formulation 117

Change Processes 121

Outcome Research 124

The Therapist’s Style 127

Mindfulness Training Exercises 128

Implementation of Dialectical Behavior Therapy 132

Implementation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy 141

Summary 147

5 Psychodynamic Therapy 149

Psychoanalytic Theory 150

Assessment and Case Formulation 161

Change Processes 163

Outcome Research 168

The Therapist’s Style 170

Facilitating Expression of Material 171

Interpretation and Insight 172

Dynamic Psychoeducation 176

Corrective Emotional Experience 179

Summary 181

6 Constructivism: Solution-Focused and Narrative Therapy 184

Postmodernism and the Social Construction of Reality 185

Assessment and Case Formulation 189

Change Processes 192

Outcome Research 196

The Therapist’s Style 198

Solution-Focused Techniques 199

Narrative Therapy Techniques 208

Summary 215

7 Family Systems Therapy 218

Systems Theory 219

Assessment and Case Formulation 227

Change Processes 230

Outcome Research 233

The Therapist’s Style 234

Combining Family and Individual Modalities 235

Facilitating Communication 235

Systemic Insight 237

Reframing 238

Treating Enmeshment and Disengagement 242

Therapist Directives 243

Treating Positive Feedback Loops 245

Summary 250

8 Atheoretical and Transtheoretical Techniques 253

Miscellaneous Techniques 254

Parent Counseling 259

Balance Between Extremes 261

Psychoeducation 265

Values in Psychotherapy 272

Incorporating Experiences Into New Structures of Meaning 277

Overcoming Fear of Failure 288

Summary 293

Part II The Needs Of Clients

9 Cultural Factors in Therapy 297

The Role of Culture in Psychotherapy 298

Assessment and Case Formulation 307

The Therapist’s Style 314

Connecting the Cultures of Therapy and Client 315

Conflicts Between Client Cultures and the Predominant Culture 318

Addressing Prejudice and Discrimination 319

Culturally Specific Adaptations of Therapeutic Approaches 320

Bringing Spirituality Into Therapy 321

Summary 324

10 Disruptive Behavior in Children 326

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 327

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 327

Assessment 332

Treatment Planning 333

Behavioral-Systemic Parent Training 339

Collaborative Problem Solving 352

Individual CBT With the Child 355

Psychodynamic Therapy 358

Summary 359

11 Disruptive Behavior in Adolescents 362

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 363

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 363

Assessment 369

Treatment Planning 370

Behavioral-Systemic Therapy 374

Psychodynamic Therapy 391

Parent Counseling 393

Summary 394

12 Aggression and Violence 396

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 397

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 397

Assessment 402

Treatment Planning 403

Addressing Decisions About Fighting 406

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 410

Psychodynamic Therapy 426

Systems-Oriented Intervention 427

Summary 428

13 Anxiety 430

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 431

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 432

Assessment 438

Treatment Planning 440

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 443

Psychodynamic Therapy 453

Parent-Child Work 458

Summary 461

14 Depression 463

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 464

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 465

Assessment 471

Treatment Planning 472

Special Topic: Suicide Risk 476

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 479

Psychodynamic Therapy 489

Systemic Intervention 493

Summary 494

15 Stress and Trauma 497

Diagnoses Treated in This Chapter 498

Clinical Presentation and Etiology 498

Assessment 504

Treatment Planning 506

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 509

Coaching Clients in Coping 515

Psychodynamic Therapy 518

Constructivist Therapy 518

Systems-Oriented Intervention 519

Therapy for Parental Divorce 520

Therapy for Bereavement 522

Therapy for Sexual Abuse 525

Summary 530

Afterword: The Therapist’s Experience 533

References 537

Author Index 613

Subject Index 635