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Cinnolines and Phthalazines, Supplement 2, Volume 64

Cinnolines and Phthalazines, Supplement 2, Volume 64

Desmond J. Brown (Editor), Jonathan A. Ellman (Editor), Edward C. Taylor (Editor)

ISBN: 978-0-471-74412-2

Oct 2005

992 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

This book provides the most comprehensive, current reference on the synthetic chemistry of cinnolines and phthalazines. Applications to the syntheses of natural products and other chiral compounds are described. Volume 64 contains chapters exploring the following topics:
* Primary Syntheses of Cinnolines
* Cinnoline, Alklycinnolines, and Arylcinnolines
* Halogenocinnolines
* Oxycinnolines
* Thiocinnolines
* Nitro-, Amino-, and Related Cinnolines
* Cinnolinecarboxylic Acids and Related Derivatives
* Primary Syntheses of Phthalazines
* Phthalazine, Alklyphthalazines, and Arylphthalazines
* Halogenophthalazines
* Oxyphthalazines
* Thiophthalazines
* Phthalazinecarboxylic Acids and Related Derivatives
* An Appendix of Tables of Simple Cinnolines and Simple Phthalazines
CHAPTER 1: PRIMARY SYNTHESES OF CINNOLINES.

1.1 From a Single Carbocyclic Substrate.

1.2 From a Carbocyclic Substrate and One Synthon.

1.3 From a Pyridazine Substrate.

1.4 From Other Heteromonocyclic Substrates.

1.5 From Heterobicyclic Substrates.

1.6 From Heteropolycyclic Substrates.

1.7 Glance Index to Typical Cinnolines Derivatives Available by Primary Syntheses.

CHAPTER 2: CINNOLINE, ALKYLCINNOLINES, AND ARYLCINNOLINES.

2.1 Cinnoline.

2.2 Alkyl- and Arylcinnolines.

CHAPTER 3: HALOGENOCINNOLINES.

3.1 Preparation of Halogenocinnolines.

3.2 Reactions of Halogenocinnolines.

CHAPTER 4: OXYCINNOLINES.

4.1 Tautomeric Cinnolinones.

4.2 Other Oxycinnolines.

CHAPTER 5: THIOCINNOLINES.

5.1 Cinnolinethiones.

5.2 Other Thiocinnolines.

CHAPTER 6: NITRO-, AMINO-, AND RELATED CINNOLINES.

6.1 Nitrocinnolines.

6.2 Aminocinnolines and Related Compounds.

CHAPTER 7: CINNOLINECARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND RELATED DERIVATIVES.

7.1 Cinnolinecarboxylic Acids.

7.2 Cinnolinecarboxylic Esters.

7.3 Cinnolinecarboxamides and Cinnolinecarbohydrazides.

7.4 Cinnolinecarbonitriles.

7.5 Cinnoline Aldehydes and Ketones.

CHAPTER 8: PRIMARY SYNTHESES OF PHTHALAZINES.

8.1 From a Single Benzene Derivative as Substrate.

8.2 From a Benzene Derivative as Substrate and One Synthon.

8.3 From Other Carbocyclic Derivatives as Substrates.

8.4 From Pyridazine Derivatives as Substrates.

8.5 From 1,2,4,5-Tetrazines as Substrates.

8.6 From Heterobicyclic Derivatives as Substrates.

8.7 From Heteropolycyclic Derivatives as Substrates.

8.8 From Spiro Heterocyclic Substrates.

8.9 Glance Index to Typical Phthalazine Derivatives Available by Primary Syntheses.

CHAPTER 9: PHTHALAZINE, ALKYLPHTHALAZINES, AND ARYLPHTHALAZINES.

9.1 Phthalazine.

9.2 Alkyl- and Arylphthalazines.

9.3 N-Alkyl (or aryl)phthalazinium Salts, Betaines, or Ylides.

CHAPTER 10: HALOGENOPHTHALAZINES.

10.1 Preparation of Nuclear Halogenophthalazines.

10.2 Preparation of Extranuclear Halogenophthalazines.

10.3 Reactions of Halogenophthalazines.

CHAPTER 11: OXYPHTHALAZINES.

11.1 Tautomeric Phthalazinones.

11.2 Extranuclear Hydroxyphthalazines.

11.3 Phthalazinequinones.

11.4 Alkoxy- and Aryloxyphthalazines.

11.5 Nontautomeric Phthalazinones and Phthalaziniumolates.

11.6 Phthalazine N-Oxides.

CHAPTER 12: THIOPHTHALAZINES.

12.1 Phthalazinethiones and Phthalazinethiols.

12.2 Alkylthiophthalazines.

12.3 Alkylsulfinyl- and Alkylsulfonylphthalazines.

12.4 Phthalazinesulfonic Acid Derivatives.

CHAPTER 13: NITRO-, AMINO-, AND RELATED PHTHALAZINES.

13.1 Nitro- and Nitrosophthalazines.

13.2 Aminophthalazines.

13.3 Hydrazinophthalazines.

CHAPTER 14: PHTHALAZINECARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND RELATED DERIVATIVES.

14.1 Phthalazinecarboxylic Acids.

14.2 Phthalazinecarbonyl Halides.

14.3 Phthalazinecarboxylic Esters.

14.4 Phthalazinecarboxamides and Phthalazinecarbohydrazides.

14.5 Phthalazinecarbonitriles.

14.6 Phthalazine Aldehydes and Ketones.

APPENDIX: TABLES OF SIMPLE CINNOLINES AND SIMPLE PHTHALAZINES.

Table A.1: Alphabetical List of Simple Cinnolines Reported Before 2005.

Table A.2: Alphabetical List of Simple Phthalazines Reported Before 2005.

REFERENCES.

INDEX.