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Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?

Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?

De-Zheng Sun (Editor), Frank Bryan (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-67169-6

May 2013, American Geophysical Union

216 pages

$79.99

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 189.

Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary? presents the major climate phenomena within the climate system to underscore the potency of dynamics in giving rise to climate change and variability. These phenomena include deep convection over the Indo-Pacific warm pool and its planetary-scale organization: the Madden-Julian Oscillation, the monsoons, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and the low-frequency variability of extratropical circulations. The volume also has a chapter focusing on the discussion of the causes of the recent melting of Arctic sea ice and a chapter devoted to the discussion of the causes of recent changes in the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones. On each topic, the basic material of climate dynamics is covered to aid the understanding of the forefront research, making the volume accessible to a broad spectrum of readers.

The volume highlights include

  • Diabatic and nonlinear aspects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation
  • Causes of sea ice melting in the Arctic
  • Impact of global warming on tropical cyclone activity
  • Origins of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation
  • Causes of climate variability of Asian monsoons

The volume will be of particular interest to graduate students and young researchers in atmospheric and oceanic sciences and related disciplines such as geology and geography. The book will also be a good read for those who have a more general interest in the Earth's climate and why it varies.

Preface
De-Zheng Sun and Frank Bryan vii

Introduction
De-Zheng Sun and Frank Bryan 1

The Multiscale Organization of Moist Convection and the Intersection of Weather and Climate
Mitchell W. Moncrieff 3

Monsoon Climate Variabilities
Tim Li 27

A Brief Introduction to El Niño and La Niña
Cécile Penland, De-Zheng Sun, Antonietta Capotondi, and Daniel J. Vimont 53

A Linear Stochastic Model of Tropical Sea Surface Temperatures Related to El Niño
Cécile Penland 65

The Diabatic and Nonlinear Aspects of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation: Implications for Its Past and Future Behavior
De-Zheng Sun 79

El Niño-Southern Oscillation Ocean Dynamics: Simulation by Coupled General Circulation Models
Antonietta Capotondi 105

Extratropical Air-Sea Interaction, Sea Surface Temperature Variability, and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation
Michael Alexander 123

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical Tropospheric Planetary Waves and Their Low-Frequency Variability: Their Vertical Structure and Interaction With Transient Eddies and Surface Thermal Contrasts
Hisashi Nakamura, Takafumi Miyasaka, Yu Kosaka, Koutarou Takaya, and Meiji Honda 149

Artic Sea Ice and the Potential for Abrupt Loss
Marika M. Holland 181

Global Warming and Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Western North Pacific From an Observational Perspective
Johnny C. L. Chan 193

AGU Category Index 207

Index 209