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Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity

Climate Processes and Climate Sensitivity

James E. Hansen (Editor), Taro Takahashi (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66603-6

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

368 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 29.

The objective of this book is to contribute to the understanding of the sensitivity of the climate system by bringing together the work of modelers and others involved in the analysis of observational data. The approach considers climate variations and climate processes (focusing on climate feedback processes) on a broad range of time scales.

We have organized the book into conventional areas such as the atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere, but these are bound together by the feedback process; thus the paper in different sections overlap extensively. If the book contributes a small amount toward a better understanding of the role which feedbacks play in coupling different parts of the climate system and in determining climate sensitivity, it will have served its purpose well.

PREFACE vii

INVENTING THE FUTURE: ENERGY AND THE C02 "GREENHOUSE" EFFECT
E. E. David J r.  1

ATMOSPHERE AND OCEAN DYNAMICS

FEEDBACKS BETWEEN DYNAMICAL HEAT FLUXES AND TEMPERATURE STRUCTURE IN THE ATMOSPHERE
Peter H. Stone   6

ON THE ROLE OF GLOBAL-SCALE WAVES IN ICE-ALBEDO AND VEGETATION-ALBEDO FEEDBACK
Dennis L. Hartmann   18

THE OCEANTS TRANSIENT RESPONSE TO GLOBAL SURFACE TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES
K. Bryan, F. G. Komro, and C. Rooth   29

A RECENT 0-S SHIFT IN THE DEEP WATER OF THE NORTHERN NORTH ATLANTIC
James H. Swift   39

VARIATION OF MONSOONAL UPWELLING: A RESPONSE TO CHANGING SOLAR RADIATION
Warren L. Prell   48

HYDROLOGIC CYCLE AND CLOUDS

MODELING EVAPOTRANSPIRATION FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL GLOBAL CLIMATE MODELS
Robert E. Dickinson   58

THE INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION ON THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE IN A GLOBAL CLIMATE MODEL
D. Rind   73

CLOUD/CLIMATE SENSITIVITY EXPERIMENTS
John 0 . Roads, Geoffrey K. Vallis , and Lorraine Remer  92

ENERGY BALANCE MODELS INCORPORATING EVAPORATIVE BUFFERING OF EQUATORIAL THERMAL RESPONSE
Brian P. Flannery, Andrew J. Callegari, and Martin I. Hoffert   108

TEMPORAL VARIATIONS IN LAKE LEVELS SINCE 30,000 YR BP - AN INDEX OF THE GLOBAL HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE
F. Alayne Street-Perrott and Sandra P. Harrison  118

ALBEDO AND RADIATION PROCESSES

CLIMATE SENSITIVITY: ANALYSIS OF FEEDBACK MECHANISMS
J . Hansen, A. Lacis , D. Rind, G. Russell , P. Stone, I. Fung, R. Ruedy, and J . Lerner  130

ON THE TRANSIENT RESPONSE PATTERNS OF CLIMATE TO TIME DEPENDENT CONCENTRATIONS OF ATMOSPHERIC CO
G. R. North, J. G. Mengel, and D. A. Short   164

SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF CLIMATIC MODEL SENSITIVITY TO PARAMETERS AND PROCESSES
Matthew C. G. Hall and Dan G. Cacuci   171

VEGETATION-ALBEDO FEEDBACKS
Robert E. Dicksinson and Brian Hanson   180

ON THE EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION OF MODEL-PREDICTED CO-INDUCED CLIMATIC EFFECTS
Stephen H. Schneider  187

SOLAR VARIABILITY AS A SOURCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE
Sabatino Sofia   202

CRYOSPHERIC PROCESSES

SOME ASPECTS OF THE CRYOSPHERE AND ITS ROLE IN CLIMATIC CHANGE
Charles R. Bentley   207

CLIMATE SENSITIVITY AND THE MARGINAL CRYOSPHERE
R. G. Barry, A. Henderson-Sellers, and K. P. Shine   221

THE ROLE OF SEA ICE DYNAMICS IN MODELING CO INCREASES
W. D. Hibler III   238

RESPONSE OF ANTARCTIC SEA ICE TO UNIFORM ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE INCREASES
Claire L. Parkinson and Robert A. Bindschadler   254

ICE SHEET MARGINS AND ICE SHELVES
Robert H. Thomas   265

WEST ANTARCTICA, THE SEA-LEVEL CONTROLLED MARINE INSTABILITY: PAST AND FUTURE
J . L. Fastook   275

ICE CORES AND GLACIAL HISTORY

NORTH ATLANTIC CLIMATIC OSCILLATIONS REVEALED BY DEEP GREENLAND ICE CORES
W. Dansgaard, S. J . Johnsen, H. B. Clausen, D. Dahl-Jensen, N. Gundestrup, C. U. Hammer, and H. Oeschger   288

LATE GLACIAL CLIMATE HISTORY FROM ICE CORES
H. Oeschger, J . Beer, U. Siegenthaler, B. Stauffer, W. Dansgaard, and C. C. Langway   299

SIMULTANEOUS CLIMATIC CHANGE IN BOTH HEMISPHERES AND SIMILAR BIPOLAR INTERGLACIAL WARMING: EVIDENCE AND IMPLICATIONS
John H. Mercer 307

OCEAN CHEMISTRY

IS THERE A TIE BETWEEN ATMOSPHERIC CO CONTENT AND OCEAN CIRCULATION?
Wallace S. Broecker and Taro Takahashi   314

THE CLIMATE-CHEMISTRY CONNECTION
Wallace S. Broecker and Tsung-Hung Peng   327

GLACIAL-HOLOCENE CHANGES IN ATMOSPHERIC CO AND THE DEEP-SEA RECORD
W. H. Berger and R. S. Keir   337

ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OCEAN CHEMISTRY AND ATMOSPHERIC pCO2 DURING THE CENOZOIC
Michael L. Bender   352

CADMIUM IN BENTHIC FORAMINIFERA AND ABYSSAL HYDROGRAPHY: EVIDENCE FOR A 41 KYR OBLIQUITY CYCLE
Edward A, Boyle   360