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Collective Innovation Processes: Principles and Practices



Collective Innovation Processes: Principles and Practices

Dimitri Uzunidis (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-786-30377-6 December 2018 Wiley-ISTE 234 Pages

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In macro-, meso- and micro-economic systems, the concept of innovation involves a variety of resources and functions. It includes all formal and informal institutions, networks and actors that influence innovation and act as innovation boosters within companies, at the territorial level, at the level of innovation networks or in national economies.

This book deals with innovation in a globalized context in terms of the entrepreneur, enterprise, territorial and sectoral systems and national systems of innovation in which collective innovation processes are formed.

Introduction ix

Chapter 1. Enterprise Knowledge Capital and Innovation: Definition, Roles and Challenges 1

1.1. Knowledge capital: definition and roles 3

1.1.1. Information and knowledge 3

1.1.2. Definition of knowledge capital 6

1.1.3. Knowledge capital and managing knowledge 8

1.2. Productive use of knowledge capital 11

1.2.1. Knowledge capital and the production of new goods and services 12

1.2.2. Knowledge capital and the cohesiveness of work collectives 16

1.2.3. The use of knowledge capital in the digital era: reduction of the production process completion time 17

1.3. Conclusion 21

1.4. Bibliography 22

Chapter 2. The Non-economic Values of Innovation 27

2.1. Introduction 27

2.2. The development of business models caused by digitization 29

2.3. Extending the notion of value generation to include non-economic values 32

2.4. Putting forward a value system to be considered when creating innovation business models 35

2.5. How values can be used in a systemic representation of innovation39

2.6. Conclusion 41

2.7. Bibliography 43

Chapter 3. Long-term Survival of Innovative Organizations 47

3.1. Long-term survival: finding a balance between change and continuity 48

3.2. Multiple possibilities between change and continuity 50

3.2.1. A balance resulting from a structural, spatial and architectural separation of opposite forces: the theory of structural ambidexterity 50

3.2.2. Reaching an equilibrium by temporally alternating between the two dynamics: punctuated equilibrium theory 51

3.2.3. Finding a balance through ambidexterity in individuals and more generally in the organizational context: the contextual ambidexterity approach . 52

3.3. Which innovation strategy should companies aiming for long-term survival adopt? The concept of prudent innovation 54

3.4. Conclusion 58

3.5. Bibliography 59

Chapter 4. The Resources Potential of the Innovative Entrepreneur . 63

4.1. The resources potential of innovative entrepreneurs 64

4.1.1. Defining innovative entrepreneurs 64

4.1.2. The resources potential of innovative entrepreneurs 69

4.2. The innovative entrepreneur’s resources: knowledge, finance and social Networks 72

4.2.1. Knowledge and financial means, the indispensable resources for innovative entrepreneurs 72

4.2.2. Mobility thanks to the networks of social relationships 76

4.3. Conclusion 81

4.4. Bibliography82

Chapter 5. Innovation Spaces: New Places for Collective Intelligence? 87
Laure MOREL, Laurent DUPONT and Marie-Reine BOUDAREL

5.1. Introduction 87

5.2. Innovation spaces: the spaces where all the new innovation trends coexist 89

5.3. Which types of spaces, to what innovating or innovative ends? 91

5.4. The innovation space: a design issue approached in the wrong way 94

5.5. Places in the service of collective intelligence? 97

5.6. Conclusion 102

5.7. Bibliography 103

Chapter 6. The Innovative Territory 109
Corinne TANGUY

6.1. Territory and innovation: a collective process of co-construction 110

6.2. Territorial proximities and cooperation networks 114

6.2.1. Challenging the predominant role of geographic proximity 114

6.2.2. Different forms of proximity 115

6.3. The complementary nature of local and distant collaborations 118

6.4. Conclusion: project territories and new governance systems 120

6.5. Bibliography 122

Chapter 7. The “Eco-innovative” Milieu: Industrial Ecology and Diversification of Territorial Economy.131
Fedoua KASMI

7.1. Industrial ecology and the “eco-innovative” milieu 132

7.1.1. Industrial ecology and industrial regions 132

7.1.2. Industrial ecology as an “eco-innovative” milieu 134

7.2. From specialization to “smart” diversification: altering the economic trajectory of a region 138

7.2.1. Specialization versus diversification 138

7.2.2. “Smart” diversification and a new territorial path 143

7.3. Conclusion 150

7.4. Bibliography 150

Chapter 8. Responsible Innovation 159

8.1. Foundations 160

8.1.1. Responsibility in science and technology . 160

8.1.2. Technology assessment 161

8.2. Responsible research and innovation in European policies 163

8.3. Responsible innovation and companies 166

8.4. Conclusion 173

8.5. Bibliography 174

Chapter 9. Innovation Capacities as a Prerequisite for Forming a National Innovation System 177
Vanessa CASADELLA and Dimitri UZUNIDIS

9.1. Institutions and innovation capacities 179

9.1.1. Taking institutions into consideration in economic theory 179

9.1.2. Institutions and innovation capacities 182

9.2. Innovation capacities and national innovation systems 185

9.2.1. National innovation systems and their heterogeneity 186

9.2.2. Innovation capacities, the inseparable pillars of NIS 191

9.3. Conclusion 194

9.4. Bibliography 195

List of Authors 201

Index 203