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Communication Networks Economy

Communication Networks Economy

Daniel Battu

ISBN: 978-1-119-36141-1

Sep 2016, Wiley-ISTE

312 pages

Description

In an increasingly interconnected world, ""Communication Networks Economy"" provides the rational understanding necessary to provide universal access to communication means in an efficient way. This book presents the principal elements of the economics of a network as it stands today, taking into account experiences of technicians in the field.

The author gives a simplified picture of the current situation in terms of structures and architecture of a network, bearing in mind the necessary quality of service and the profitability of investments, accompanied by references to recent economic works. An overview is given on the general themes of regulation and tariff principles, and the relations between supply and demand, from the perspectives of professional and residential users and network operators. Different aspects of the present situations of networks and the incidence of the Internet on the economy are also presented.

In conclusion, the reader will obtain an overview of the most significant issues likely to influence the economics of communications networks as they are today.

Preface xiii

Chapter 1. The Challenges of Building a Network 1

1.1. Construction of a national network 1

1.2. Security of network operations 5

1.3. State communications network 10

1.4. System for connecting network users 11

1.5. The search for regulations and network growth 11

1.6. Land use planning 23

1.7. So-called ""network"" laws 26

1.8. Usage metrics for digital technology 27

1.9. Conclusions 28

Chapter 2. Network Structure and Architecture 29

2.1. Analog and digital 29

2.2. Distribution network 34

2.3. Long-distance connections 49

2.4. Next-generation networks 50

2.5. Internet 53

2.6. Digital network terminals 66

2.7. Internet applications 69

2.8. Overview of network connections 80

2.9. Network management staff 81

2.10. Assessments considered by network operators 84

Chapter 3. Communications Services Regulations 87

3.1. The international regulatory framework 87

3.2. The European regulatory framework 97

3.3. Main French authorities involved 100

3.4. 1980s tariff principles 102

3.5. 1990s reform 109

3.6. Tariff principles in force in 2016 110

3.7. Pricing practices 117

Chapter 4. Supply and Demand in Communications 125

4.1. Providers and customers 125

4.2. Obligations of network operators 136

4.3. Remote payments 148

4.4. ""P2P"" exchanges 156

4.5. Remote computing 162

4.6. Features of the digital economy 164

Chapter 5. The Impact of the Internet on the Economy 169

5.1. Network operators and the new economic order 169

5.2. The Internet’s original provisions 180

5.3. The new economy 196

5.4. Longevity of network services 205

5.5. The Internet and politics 214

5.6. Experts faced with the future of the Internet 220

Chapter 6. The Economy and the Future of the Internet 231

6.1. Building a national network 231

6.2. Internet network structures 232

6.3. Network regulations and pricing systems 233

6.4. The issue of supply and demand 233

6.5. The Internet and the economy 234

6.6. An Internet of optimists 236

Appendices 239

Appendix 1. GNP, GNI and GDP 241

Appendix 2. Potential Harmfulness of Radio Waves 245

Appendix 3. ICT and Telecommunications: Sustainable Development 247

Appendix 4. Variation in ""Working Day"" Telephone Traffic in 1970 249

Appendix 5. Hourly Variation in National Phone Tariffs (1985) 251

Appendix 6. Measuring the Information Society (11 October 2012) – ITU 253

Appendix 7. The Development of SIM Cards 255

Appendix 8. List of Recommendations from ITU-T Study Group 3 257

Appendix 9. The Cost of Capital 263

Appendix 10. NGN and the Internet in Figures 265

Appendix 11. Standardization of Mobile Financial Services (Extract – ITU-T, February 2016) 271

Appendix 12. The Internet's Flaws (Vint Cerf) 273

Bibliography 275

Glossary 281

Index 287