Communication and Collaboration in the Online Classroom: Examples and Applications
Communication and Collaboration in the Online Classroom: Examples and Applications
May 2002, Jossey-Bass
DescriptionWhat is the appropriate role of technology in teaching and learning environments? In this collection of essays, technology is described as an enabler. The contributing authors explain and analyze the ways in which they have incorporated interactive technologies into their instructional practices and curriculum. Each of these case studies provides readers with a frame for understanding the relationships between technology and the processes of communicating and learning in instructional settings.
This book provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of the human communication issues that must be addressed in higher education as interactive technologies evolve and continue to impact instructional design and practice. It is organized into three sections: the first, Program Development for Distance Education, presents the authors' efforts to adapt and develop graduate degree programs for distance education; the second, Professional Collaborative Endeavors: Teaching Across the Distance, examines courses taught in audio/video environments as well as online team-taught courses; the third, Creating Online Learning Communities: A Focus on Communication and Student-Centered Learning in Virtual Classrooms, describes the tools and objective involved in creating online learning communities.
Written for faculty, administrators, graduate students, and scholars in higher education, this book is a useful guide for anyone with a particular interest in communication and collaborative learning in the online environment.
About the Contributors.
Introduction: Collaboration, Communication, Teaching, and Learning: A Theoretical Foundation and Frame (Patricia Comeaux, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
SECTION I: PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT FOR DISTANCE EDUCATION.
1 Developing an MBA Online Degree Program: Expanding Knowledge and Skills Via Technology-Mediated Learning Communities (Richard G. Milter, Ohio University).
2 Collaborative Instructional Design for an Internet-Based Graduate Degree Program (Mary Anne Nixon and Beth Rodgers Leftwich, Western Carolina University).
3 Degrees and Programs by Distance Education: Defining Need and Finding Support Through Collaboration (Frank Fuller, Ronald McBride, and Robert Gillan, Northwestern State University).
4 Beyond Demographics, Content, and Technology: The Impact of Culture on the Design and Implementation of a Distance Education Program (Richard Olsen, University of North Carolina, Wilmington; Robert Schihl, Regent University).
SECTION II: PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATIVE ENDEAVORS: TEACHING ACROSS THE DISTANCE.
5 Virtual Visiting Professors: Communicative, Pedagogical, and Technological Collaboration (Scott A. Chadwick, Iowa State University; Tracy Callaway Russo, University of Kansas).
6 Intrapersonal Communication, Interpersonal Communication, and Computer-Mediated Communication: A Synergetic Collaboration (Leonard J. Shedletsky, University of Southern Maine; Joan E. Aitken, University of Missouri, Kansas City).
7 Collaborating on the Instructional Design and Implementation of an Environmental Education Course: The Real Challengesof Collaboration (Richard Huber, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
8 Pedagogy and Process: Linking Two Diversity and Communication Courses Through Interactive Television (Deborah Brunson, University of North Carolina, Wilmington; Nina-Jo Moore, Appalachian State University).
9 Camera Presentation Perspectives and Techniques in an Interactive Audio/Video Instructional Environment: A Rhetorical Perspective (Frank P. Trimble, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
SECTION III: CREATING ONLINE LEARNING COMMUNITIES: A FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION AND STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING IN THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM.
10 Planet Xeno: Creating a Collaborative Computer-Mediated Communication Culture (Mary E. Wildner-Bassett, University of Arizona).
11 Designing and Implementing an Interactive Online Learning Environment (Mahnaz Moallem, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
12 Communicating: The key to Success in an Online Writing and Reading Course (Ele Byington, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
13 Fostering Intellectual Development in a Learning Community: Using an Electronic Bulletin Board (Mary Bozik and Karen Tracey, University of Northern Iowa).
14 Building a Communications Learning Community (Patricia Worrall and Brian Kline, Gainesville College).
Conclusion: Teaching and Learning with Interactive Technologies: What Have We Learned and Where Are We Going? (Patricia Comeaux, University of North Carolina, Wilmington).
Communication is fundamental to any teaching endeavor. Ideally, collaboration joins effective communication to create effective learning environments. This is true whether the learning space is brick and mortar or virtual. Patricia Comeaux, et. al., suggest that in order to achieve the benefits that technology can offer for teaching and learning, we need to understand the communication issues that technology surfaces in human interaction. This compilation of experiences with technology in teaching and learning has, as a focus, communication and collaboration. Collaboration is one area of interaction where communication and technology issues intersect the preparation to teach, the act of teaching and the evaluation of teaching and learning effectiveness. It is in these areas that the authors describe their experiences in the context of communication theories.
The authors share challenges, benefits and lessons learned from developing programs, creating and teaching courses, and teaching as visiting faculty. The purpose is to provide faculty, graduate students, administrators, and scholars in higher education with real experiences across disciplines. One of the strengths of the book is the wide span of experience and disciplines that have come together to share their stories and analysis of those experiences.
Comeaux begins the text with a brief review of the literature relevant to communication, education, instructional technology, and distance education related to communication and collaboration via interactive technology. The contributing authors responded to the following question in each chapter: "how have interactive technologies affected teaching and learning in institutions of higher education?" Dividing the chapters into three sections, authors first address program development. Case studies offer insights gained from collaborating within departments and with key stakeholders in the community. Issues such as managing detractors, facilitating effective project management, and creating dialogues around teaching and learning are explored.
The second section focuses on collaboration in course design and teaching as visiting faculty in online courses. Benefits of collaboration as visiting faculty are described and demonstrate the value of interactive technologies in enhancing the learning environment through opportunities like providing content and experiences that the primary course faculty do not have access to. Collaboration in preparing for course content and teaching strategies is seen as paying big dividends even though navigation and negotiation via unfamiliar or, sometimes, unavailable technology was problematic.
Lastly, the third section deals with the development of learning communities. In a sense, the last section brings together the essence of communication and collaboration as faculty worked to create cohesive learning communities using interactive technologies. Practical issues like sizes of groups, availability of resources, and time management are explored. Interestingly, these are the same fundamental issues in face-to-face environments. Effective teamwork aimed at a common objective seemed to create similar challenges for this set of faculty. The lessons learned in this section provide a rich source of areas to focus on proactively by anyone attempting to create online learning communities.
In the final chapter, Comeaux argues that the authors supported and extended the themes identified in the Introduction; dialogues about teaching and learning with interactive technologies are increasing and being supported by key stakeholders in the teaching-learning community; teaching is "a complex communicative process"; collaborative learning occurs in both traditional and online classrooms; and collaborative learning is a viable approach in interactive environments. She notes that as we gain experiences in online or virtual environments our language will better reflect the key foci for understanding teaching and learning and that it will, in all likelihood, not be on the particular space where instruction occurs. Rather, the focus will be, as this book has demonstrated, on communication and collaboration between all of the players in the teaching-learning environment.
This book adds to our understanding of teaching via interactive technologies by providing faculty experiences that they have analyzed for risks and benefits in developing, providing and evaluating teaching via interactive technologies. For faculty developers, the cases can provide starting points for faculty or groups of faculty and administrators interested in using interactive technologies. For those interested in the use of interactive technologies framed within the context of communication and collaboration, the cases and faculty experiences provide a means of surfacing, exploring, validating their assumptions and experiences in online environments.
I found the book to be an interesting read. Practically speaking, the case studies are relatively short and organized in a way that it was easy to follow the case description and subsequent analysis. The breadth of faculty experience and expertise provided a rounded view of some of the challenges that faculty face at different times in their own growth and development as teachers.
I would recommend the book to faculty, administrators and faculty developers as a useful starting place for exploring how they use the notions of communication and collaboration in their classrooms. (UNC's Effective Teaching web site, September 2002)