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Comprehensive Mass Metrology

Comprehensive Mass Metrology

Michael Gläser (Editor), Manfred Kochsiek (Editor)

ISBN: 978-3-527-60299-5

Jan 2005

561 pages

Select type: O-Book

Description

Mass determination is of fundamental importance for science, technology and economics. Technical measuring systems range from ultramicro balances to weighing machines for freight trains; massive objects range from subatomic particles to galaxies. Comprehensive and topical, this reference work - edited by scientists of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Germany - covers the whole field of mass determination. Starting from physical foundations, it describes virtually all measurement techniques in detail and gives a thorough overview over scientific experiments related to the determination of mass. Reports on contemporary problems, such as a new definition of the kilogram, historical excursions and an unparalleled list of references make this book an absolute must for everyone dealing with questions relating to mass determination in fundamental research, technical application, calibration service, and standardization, and also for teachers and historians.
Mass as a Physical Quantity
The Concept of Mass
The Unit of Mass
Work on a New Definition of the Unit of Mass
The Determination of Mass
The Development of the Determination of Mass
Mass Standards
Methods of Mass Determination
Mass Determination with Balances
Vacuum Weighing
Determination of Mass in Practice
Mass Determination under Exceptional Conditions
Mass Comparators
Theory of the Beam Balance
Quantities Influencing Balances and Weighing
Some Maximum Accuracy Comparators
Quantities Derived from Mass and their Determination
Density
Force
Pressure
Selected Electrical Quantities
Appendix:
Definitions of the Base Units
Declaration of the 3rd GGPM
Recommendation of the CIPM
Multiples of the Unit of Mass in the International System of Units
Units of Mass outside the SI
Atomic Masses of Elements with a Single Natural Isotope
Masses of Fundamental Particles of the 3 Generations
Masses of some Hadrons Observed
Gravitational Acceleration
Formulas for the Calculation of Air Density
Water Density
Maximum Permissible Errors for Weights in Legal Metrology
Density Limits for Weights in Legal Metrology
Historical Dates
Technical measuring systems based on mass determination are of key importance for science, technology, and economics. Through historical and physical lenses, the editors from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Germany comprehensively detail measurement techniques and overview experiments on the determination of mass in domains ranging from subatomic particles to galaxies. Showing that there is indeed something new in this field, they report on a new definition of the kilogram. Illustrations include Newton under the proverbial apple tree, balance equipment throughout the ages, and a satellite providing data on the Earth's gravitational field. Appendices cover additional material on definitions, units of measurement, formulas, and the gravitational acceleration and height above sea level of selected cities worldwide. Some of the references are in German.

Sci-Tech, Dec 2001