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Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, 2nd Edition

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Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, 2nd Edition

Andrew I. Cohen (Editor), Christopher Heath Wellman (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-47987-2 January 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 472 Pages

Description

Now in an updated edition with fresh perspectives on high-profile ethical issues such as torture and same-sex marriage, this collection pairs cogently argued essays by leading philosophers with opposing views on fault-line public concerns.

  • Revised and updated new edition with six new pairs of essays on prominent contemporary issues including torture and same-sex marriage, and a survey of theories of ethics by Stephen Darwall
  • Leading philosophers tackle colleagues with opposing views in contrasting essays on core issues in applied ethics
  • An ideal semester-length course text certain to generate vigorous discussion

Notes on Contributors vii

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction 1
Andrew I. Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman

Ethical Theory 11

1 Theories of Ethics
Stephen L. Darwall 13

Issues in Life and Death 33

Abortion 35

2 The Wrong of Abortion 37
Patrick Lee and Robert P. George

3 The Moral Permissibility of Abortion 51
Margaret Olivia Little

Euthanasia 63

4 In Defense of Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide 65
Michael Tooley

5 A Case Against Euthanasia 82
Daniel Callahan

Animals 93

6 Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection 95
Tom Regan

7 Animals and Their Medical Use 109
R.G. Frey

Issues in Justice 121

Affirmative action 123

8 A Defense of Affirmative Action 125
Albert Mosley

9 Preferential Policies Have Become Toxic 141
Celia Wolf-Devine

Capital punishment 157

10 A Defense of the Death Penalty 159
Louis P. Pojman

11 Why We Should Put the Death Penalty to Rest 175
Stephen Nathanson

Reparations 189

12 Compensation and Past Injustice 191
Bernard Boxill

13 Must We Provide Material Redress for Past Wrongs? 203
Nahshon Perez

Profi ling 217

14 Bayesian Inference and Contractualist Justification on Interstate 95
Arthur Isak Applbaum 219

15 Racial Profiling and the Meaning of Racial Categories 232
Deborah Hellman

Torture 245

16 Ticking Time-Bombs and Torture 247
Fritz Allhoff

17 Torture and its Apologists 260
Bob Brecher

Issues of Privacy and The Good 273

Same-sex marriage 275

18 Same-Sex Marriage and the Definitional Objection 277
John Corvino

19 Making Sense of Marriage 290
Sherif Girgis

Pornography 305

20 The Right to Get Turned On: Pornography, Autonomy, Equality307
Andrew Altman

21 “The Price We Pay”? Pornography and Harm 319
Susan J. Brison

Drugs 333

22 In Favor of Drug Decriminalization 335
Douglas Husak

23 Against the Legalization of Drugs 346
Peter de Marneffe

Issues of Cosmopolitanism and Community 359

Immigration 361

24 Immigration: The Case for Limits 363
David Miller

25 The Case for Open Immigration 376
Chandran Kukathas

Humanitarian intervention 389

26 The Moral Structure of Humanitarian Intervention 391
Fernando R. Tesón

27 The Morality of Humanitarian Intervention 404
Bas van der Vossen

World hunger 417

28 Famine Relief: The Duties We Have to Others 419
Christopher Heath Wellman

29 Famine Relief and Human Virtue 431
Andrew I. Cohen

Index 447