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Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, 2nd Edition

Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, 2nd Edition

Andrew I. Cohen (Editor), Christopher Heath Wellman (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-47987-2

Jan 2014, Wiley-Blackwell

472 pages

$35.99

Description

Now in an updated edition with fresh perspectives on high-profile ethical issues such as torture and same-sex marriage, this collection pairs cogently argued essays by leading philosophers with opposing views on fault-line public concerns.

  • Revised and updated new edition with six new pairs of essays on prominent contemporary issues including torture and same-sex marriage, and a survey of theories of ethics by Stephen Darwall
  • Leading philosophers tackle colleagues with opposing views in contrasting essays on core issues in applied ethics
  • An ideal semester-length course text certain to generate vigorous discussion

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[*new to second edition]

Notes on Contributors vii

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction Andrew I. Cohen and Christopher Heath Wellman 1

ETHICAL THEORY 11

1 *Theories of Ethics Stephen L. Darwall 13

ISSUES IN LIFE AND DEATH 33

Abortion 35

2 The Wrong of Abortion Patrick Lee and Robert P. George 37

3 The Moral Permissibility of Abortion Margaret Olivia Little 51

Euthanasia 63

4 In Defense of Voluntary Active Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

Michael Tooley 65

5 A Case Against Euthanasia Daniel Callahan 82

Animals 93

6 Empty Cages: Animal Rights and Vivisection Tom Regan 95

7 Animals and Their Medical Use R.G. Frey 109

ISSUES IN JUSTICE 121

Affi rmative action 123

8 A Defense of Affi rmative Action Albert Mosley 125

9 Preferential Policies Have Become Toxic Celia Wolf-Devine 141

Capital punishment 157

10 A Defense of the Death Penalty Louis P. Pojman 159

11 Why We Should Put the Death Penalty to Rest Stephen Nathanson 175

Reparations 189

12 *Compensation and Past Injustice Bernard Boxill 191

13 *Must We Provide Material Redress for Past Wrongs? Nahshon Perez 203

Profi ling 217

14 *Bayesian Inference and Contractualist Justifi cation on Interstate 95

Arthur Isak Applbaum 219

15 *Racial Profi ling and the Meaning of Racial Categories Deborah Hellman 232

Torture 245

16 *Ticking Time-Bombs and Torture Fritz Allhoff 247

17 *Torture and its Apologists Bob Brecher 260

ISSUES OF PRIVACY AND THE GOOD 273

Same-sex marriage 275

18 *Same-Sex Marriage and the Defi nitional Objection John Corvino 277

19 *Making Sense of Marriage Sherif Girgis 290

Pornography 305

20 The Right to Get Turned On: Pornography, Autonomy, Equality

Andrew Altman 307

21 “The Price We Pay”? Pornography and Harm Susan J. Brison 319

Drugs 333

22 *In Favor of Drug Decriminalization Douglas Husak 335

23 *Against the Legalization of Drugs Peter de Marneffe 346

ISSUES OF COSMOPOLITANISM AND COMMUNITY 359

Immigration 361

24 Immigration: The Case for Limits David Miller 363

25 The Case for Open Immigration Chandran Kukathas 376

Humanitarian intervention 389

26 *The Moral Structure of Humanitarian Intervention Fernando R. Tesón 391

27 *The Morality of Humanitarian Intervention Bas van der Vossen 404

World hunger 417

28 Famine Relief: The Duties We Have to Others Christopher Heath Wellman 419

29 Famine Relief and Human Virtue Andrew I. Cohen 431

Index 447