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Contemporary Geodesy: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the Harvard College Observatory-Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, December 1 - 2, 1958

Contemporary Geodesy: Proceedings of a Conference Held at the Harvard College Observatory-Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, December 1 - 2, 1958

Charles A. Whitten (Editor), Kenneth H. Drummond (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66883-2

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

95 pages

Select type: Online Book

Description

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 4.

The successful launchings of high-altitude rockets and artificial Earth satellites have opened a new era in the collection of geophysical data. The application of these new techniques will require the combined ideas, experiences, and services of scientists in a wide variety of disciplines. As an example, any efforts in the collection of geodetic data will necessarily draw together several fields of endeavor outside of geodesy, such as astronomy, rocketry, and electronics, to name a few.

In recognition of this, many American geodesists anticipated the need of a Conference on Contemporary Geodesy for the interchange of knowledge and ideas among scientists in certain fields related to the new space age. The purpose of such a conference was not merely to orient other scientists in modern geodesy, but just as importantly to enlighten the geodesist in those sciences required in space application to his problem.

Foreword
Milton O. Schmidt, Chairman v

Introduction by Director of the Smithsonian Observatory
Fred L. Whipple vii

Welcome by Director of the Harvard College Observatory
Donald H. Menzel vii

GEODETIC FUNDAMENTALS

Introduction
Milton O. Schmidt 1

Evolution of the Geodetic Concept
Alwyn R. Robbins 2

Geometric Techniques in Geodesy
Lansing G. Simmons 4

Discussion  5

Some Aspects of Physical Geodesy
Maurice Ewing, J. Lamar Worzel, and Manik Talwani  7

Discussion 19

PROBLEMS OF MODERN GEODESY

Introduction
Charles A. Whitten 22

Some Remarks on Geodetic Astronomy
Roman K. C. Johns 23

Discussion  27

Geodetic Networks
Buford K. Meade  30

Discussion  31

Orthometric, Dynamic, and Barometric Heights
Norman F. Braaten 36

Discussion  38

Gravity and Gravity Reduction
Donald A. Rice  40

Discussion  41

Ellipsoid Parameters from Satellite Data
John A. O'Keefe, Nancy G. Roman, Benjamin S. Yaplee, and Ann Eckem   45

Discussion  48

Introduction
Fred L. Whipple  52

Rocketry
A. B. Mickelwait  53

Discussion  54

Satellites
J. Allen Hynek  58

Discussion  63

Optical and Electronic Tracking
Raymond H. Wilson, Jr.  67

Discussion  77

Orbits in Contemporary
Geodesy C. A. Lundquist  79

Discussion  82

Computations
Don A. Lautman  83

Discussion  85

Space Navigation in the Solar System
Walter Wrigley  87

Discussion  88

APPENDIX

List of Participants  91