DescriptionCulture and Health offers an overview of different areas of culture and health, building on foundations of medical anthropology and health behavior theory. It shows how to address the challenges of cross-cultural medicine through interdisciplinary cultural-ecological models and personal and institutional developmental approaches to cross-cultural adaptation and competency. The book addresses the perspectives of clinically applied anthropology, trans-cultural psychiatry and the medical ecology, critical medical anthropology and symbolic paradigms as frameworks for enhanced comprehension of health and the medical encounter. Includes cultural case studies, applied vignettes, and self-assessments.
Medical Anthropology’s Perspectives.
Special Features of the Text.
ONE: APPLIED MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND HEALTH CARE.
Culture and Health.
Culture, Ethnomedicines, and Biomedicine.
Cultural Competence in the Health Professions.
Concepts of Health.
Systems Approaches to Health.
TWO: DISEASE, ILLNESS, SICKNESS, AND THE SICK ROLE.
Experience of Maladies.
Biomedical Assumptions About Disease.
Social Models of Maladies and Diagnoses.
Illness and Sickness Accounts.
The Sick Role and Sickness Career.
AIDS as Disease, Sickness, and Illness.
Health Beliefs and Explanatory Models.
THREE: CULTURAL COMPETENCE IN HEALTH CARE.
Cross-Cultural Adaptations in Health Care.
Anthropological Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Adaptation.
Concepts of Culture.
Interpersonal Skills for Intercultural Relations.
Specialty Cross-Cultural Applications of Medical Anthropology.
Using Culture to Care for Patients and Providers.
FOUR: CULTURAL SYSTEMS MODELS.
Cultural Models for Health Assessment.
Cultural Systems Approaches to Health.
Cultural Infrastructure, Structure, and Superstructure.
Family Infl uences on Health and Development.
Understanding Worldview and Symbolic Resources.
Community Health Assessment.
Rapid Assessment, Response, and Evaluation (RARE).
FIVE: ETHNOMEDICAL SYSTEMS AND HEALTH CARE SECTORS.
Popular, Folk, and Professional Health Care Sectors.
Popular-Sector Health Resources.
Folk Sectors and Ethnomedicines.
SIX: TRANSCULTURAL PSYCHIATRY AND INDIGENOUS PSYCHOLOGY.
Culture and Personality.
Cultural Concepts of Normalcy and Abnormalcy.
Personality and Self in Indigenous Psychology.
Possession in Clinical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives.
Biocultural Approaches to Indigenous Psychology.
Ethnomedical Theories of Illness.
Cross-Cultural Ethnomedical Syndromes.
SEVEN: MEDICAL- ECOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO HEALTH.
Medical Ecology and Disease.
Evolutionary Adaptations and Health.
Genetic, Individual, and Cultural Adaptations to the Environment.
Epidemiology of Disease.
Racial and Ethnic Categories and Health.
Triune Brain Structures and Functions.
Evolution of the Sickness-and-Healing Responses.
Emotions in Biocultural Perspective.
EIGHT: POLITICAL ECONOMY AND CRITICAL MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY.
Political Economy Approaches to Health.
Critical Medical Anthropology.
Social Conditions as Causes of Disease and Health.
Social Networks and Support.
Macrolevel Social Effects on Clinical Health.
Changing Health Through Public Policy and Community Involvement.
NINE: PSYCHOBIOLOGICAL DYNAMICS OF HEALTH.
Religion, Ritual, and Symbolic Healing.
Placebos and Placebo Effects.
Metaphoric Processes in Symbolic Healing.
TEN: THE SHAMANIC PARADIGM OF ETHNOMEDICINE.
What Is Shamanism?
The Integrative Mode of Consciousness.
Bases for Shamanistic Therapies.
Shamanic Roots in Contemporary Religious Experiences and Healing.