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DSM-5 Essentials: The Savvy Clinician's Guide to the Changes in Criteria



DSM-5 Essentials: The Savvy Clinician's Guide to the Changes in Criteria

Lourie W. Reichenberg

ISBN: 978-1-118-84608-7 December 2013 128 Pages


Everything you need to know about the DSM-5™ in an organized and concise presentation

Providing you with a quick and easy way to get up-to-speed on recent changes to the two main classification systems—DSM-5 Essentials highlights these changes in a logical and systematic manner so that you can easily make the transition from DSM-IV to DSM-5.

Author Lourie Reichenberg offers health care providers, instructors, clinicians in practice settings, and office staff who do coding for insurance reimbursement the information they need to do their jobs smoothly and efficiently with coverage of:

  • The twenty classifications of disorders
  • Emerging measures and models
  • The future of diagnosis and treatment planning
  • Matching clients' needs with the best evidence-based treatment
  • Major changes to the DSM-5 such as the replacement of the multiaxial system, the developmental and lifespan approach, and cultural and gender considerations

Arranged in the same sequence as the DSM-5, DSM-5 Essentials covers what has changed from the DSM-IV, what these changes mean for diagnosis, and the implication of these changes on the selection of effective, evidence-based treatment.

Preface viii

How to Use This Book x

1 Introduction 1

Introduction to DSM-5 1

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 8

Conclusion 11

2 The 20 Classifications of Disorders 12

Neurodevelopmental Disorders 13

Intellectual disabilities * Communication disorders * Autism spectrum disorder * Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder * Specific learning disorder * Motor disorders Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders 20

Schizotypal (personality) disorder * Delusional disorder * Brief psychotic disorder * Schizophreniform disorder * Schizophrenia * Schizoaffective disorder * Catatonia Bipolar and Related Disorders 24

Bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder * Other bipolar disorders Depressive Disorders 27

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder * Major depressive disorder * Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) * Premenstrual dysphoric disorder * Substance/ medication-induced depressive disorder * Depressive disorder due to another medical condition *

Other specified * Unspecified Anxiety Disorders 35

Separation anxiety disorder * Selective mutism * Specific phobia * Social anxiety disorder * Panic disorder * Agoraphobia Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders 39

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) * Body dysmorphic disorder * Hoarding disorder * Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) * Excoriation (skin-picking disorder) * Substance/medication-induced and OCD related to medical condition * Other specified * Unspecified  Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders 45

Reactive attachment disorder * Disinhibited social engagement disorder * Posttraumatic stress disorder * Acute stress disorder * Adjustment disorders * Other specified * Unspecified Dissociative Disorders 50

Dissociative identity disorder * Dissociative amnesia * Depersonalization/derealization disorder * Other specified and unspecified Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders 52

Somatic symptom disorder * Illness anxiety disorder * Conversion disorder (Functional neurological symptom disorder) * Psychological factors affecting other medical conditions * Factitious disorder * Other specified * Unspecified Feeding and Eating Disorders 56

Pica and rumination disorder * Avoidant/restrictive intake disorder * Anorexia nervosa * Bulimia nervosa * Binge-eating disorder * Other specified * Unspecified Elimination Disorders 61

Encopresis * Enuresis Sleep-Wake Disorders 62

Sexual Dysfunctions 64

Gender Dysphoria (formerly Gender Identity Disorder) 65

Disruptive, Impulse-Control, and Conduct Disorders 67

Oppositional defiant disorder * Intermittent explosive disorder * Conduct disorder * Pyromania * Kleptomania * Other specified * Unspecified Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders 71

Substance use disorders * Caffeine withdrawal * Cannabis withdrawal * Gambling disorder Neurocognitive Disorders 81

Delirium * Major or Mild neurocognitive disorders * Specified disorder * Unspecified Personality Disorders 83

Paraphilic Disorders 84

Other Mental Disorders 85

Medication-Induced Movement Disorders and 86

Other Adverse Effects of Medication Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention 87

3 Emerging Measures and Models 92

Assessment Measures 92

Cultural Formulation 95

Alternative Model for Diagnosing Personality Disorders 97

Conditions for Further Study 97

Conclusion: The Future of Diagnosis and 103

Treatment Planning

References 105

About the Author 107

Author Index 109

Subject Index 110