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Design Risk Management: Contribution to Health and Safety

Design Risk Management: Contribution to Health and Safety

Stuart D. Summerhayes

ISBN: 978-1-444-31889-0

Mar 2010, Wiley-Blackwell

176 pages


The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM Regulations 2007) is a revision of a major piece of legislation within the wide portfolio of construction-related legislation. It seeks to improve the long term health and safety performance of the UK construction industry, with ownership of health and safety proactively undertaken by the integrated project team.

Good design has always embraced health and safety issues and design teams remain essential players as well as key contributors and communicators in matters of health and safety management. Designers have a legal responsibility to ensure that their designs account for health and safety at all stages within the holistic envelope of construction.

Design Risk Management: Contribution to Health and Safety gives detailed guidance to construction practitioners with design responsibility on how to identify and manage health and safety risks, and on the design strategies to be followed. It seeks to focus on accountability with due emphasis on the minimisation of unnecessary bureaucracy and offers documentation trails that provide an insight to managing risk and not paperwork. Subsequently it offers a process by which designers can discharge their duties in compliance with the CDM Regulations.

1 Introduction.

Table 1.1 Design failures.

1.1 Major design failures in British history.

1.2 Additional Reports (The Bragg Report and HSE Research.

Report ) into design failure.

Table 1.2 Principal recommendations of the Bragg Committee.

Table 1.3 Contributory factors to historical failures.

2 Project risk management and design risk management.

2.1 Key players in project management.

2.2 Stages of the contract and their achievement.

Table 2.1 CDM duty holder actions.

3 Construction-related health and safety legislation.

3.1 Approved code of practice and guidance.

3.2 Health and Safety at Work, etc. Act.

3.3 The Management of Health and Safety at Work.


3.4 The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations.

3.5 The Manual Handling Operations Regulations.

3.6 The Confi ned Spaces Regulations.

3.7 The Work at Height Regulations.

3.8 The Control of Vibration at Work Regulations.

3.9 The Control of Noise at Work Regulations.

3.10 The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health.

Regulations (amended).

4 The CDM process.

4.1 Timing.

4.2 Pre-construction information.

Figure .1 Holistic diagram of the construction process.

4.3 Construction phase plan.

4.4 Health and safety file.

Figure .2 Systems approach.

Table 4.1 Applicable regulations for duty holder compliance.

Table 4.2 Construction (Design and Management) Regulations.

5 Role of the designer.

5.1 Who are designers?

Figure 5.1 The designer’s duties.

Table 5.1a Designer duties (all projects).

Table 5.1b Designer duties (additional duties on notifiable projects).

6 The design risk management process.

6.1 Additional interfaces.

6.2 Design change.

7 Documentation.

Table 7.1 Risk assessment methods.

Table 7.2 Examples of potential hazards for designers to consider.

7.1 Red, amber and green lists.

Table 7.3 Design risk assessment.

Figure 7.1 Example of a design risk assessment proforma.

Figure 7.2 Annotated notes (health and safety) on drawing.

Figure7 .3 Hazard management register and design risk assessment.

7.2 Project (health and safety) risk register.

Table 7.4 Project risk register (health and safety).

7.3 Design philosophy statements.

8 Information flow.

Table 8.1 Communication links.

8.1 Pre-construction information.

Figure 8.1 Information flow.

Figure 8.2 Design interface with other duty holders.

8.2 Construction phase plan.

8.3 Health and safety file.

Table 8.2 Design information for the health and safety file.

Figure 8.3 Planning/programming integration.

Appendix One: Roadmap.

Appendix Two: References and bibliography.

Appendix Three: Web page directory.

Appendix Four: Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations.

Appendix Five: Design checklist.

Appendix Six: Riba Outline Plan of Work (November revision).


Colour plate section.

"This excellent publication, which is full of diagrams and tables (and written in a somewhat idiosyncratic way - and none the worse for that) is a mine of information, especially for those who have only ever read about the CDM Regs from the construction worker's viewpoint." (RoSPA Occupational Safety & Health Journal, 1 March 2011)
* Construction industry has one of the worst records for health and safety management
* Government now targeting designers on health and safety risks
* Very little guidance available for architects and engineers
* Author well known for his successful health and safety book, CDM Regulations Procedures Manual
* Will feature new (2005) regulations