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Detecting Deception: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

Detecting Deception: Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

Pär Anders Granhag, Aldert Vrij, Bruno Verschuere

ISBN: 978-1-118-51000-1 October 2014 Wiley-Blackwell 368 Pages

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Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field.

  • Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice
  • Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions
  • Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection
  • Features contributions from internationally renowned experts
Contributors vii

Series Preface xi

Introduction xv

Acknowledgements xix

SECTION I: Deception Detection: Established Approaches 1

1 Verbal Lie Detection Tools: Statement Validity Analysis, Reality Monitoring and Scientific Content Analysis 3
Aldert Vrij

2 New Findings in Non-Verbal Lie Detection 37
Charles F. Bond, Timothy R. Levine, and Maria Hartwig

3 The Polygraph: Current Practice and New Approaches 59
Ewout H. Meijer and Bruno Verschuere

4 Forensic Application of Event-Related Brain Potentials to Detect Guilty Knowledge 81
William G. Iacono

5 Deception Detection Using Neuroimaging 105
Giorgio Ganis

SECTION II: Current Challenges 123

6 Exploring the Nature and Origin of Beliefs about Deception: Implicit and Explicit Knowledge among Lay People and Presumed Experts 125
Maria Hartwig and Pär Anders Granhag

7 Discriminating between True and False Intentions 155
Erik Mac Giolla, Pär Anders Granhag, and Aldert Vrij

8 Cross-Cultural Deception Detection 175
Paul J. Taylor, Samuel Larner, Stacey M. Conchie, and Sophie van der Zee

SECTION III: Improving Lie Detection: New Approaches 203

9 A Cognitive Approach to Lie Detection 205
Aldert Vrij

10 The Strategic Use of Evidence Technique: A Conceptual Overview 231
Pär Anders Granhag and Maria Hartwig

11 Investigating Deception and Deception Detection with Brain Stimulation Methods 253
Giorgio Ganis

12 Detecting Deception Through Reaction Times 269
Bruno Verschuere, Kristina Suchotzki, and Evelyne Debey

13 Suspects’ Verbal Counter-Interrogation Strategies: Towards an Integrative Model 293
Pär Anders Granhag, Maria Hartwig, Erik Mac Giolla, and Franziska Clemens

14 Covert Detection of Deception 315
Eitan Elaad

Index 339

"All practitioners, researchers, and consumers could benefit from reading this book.  It is an excellent reference for most all items covered. As alternative technologies develop and improve, it behooves us to stay abreast and open-minded... I highly recommend this book to all examiners interested in improving their knowledge on cognitive approaches to interviewing, ethical interrogative strategies and avoiding false confessions." Mark Handler, American Polygraph Association Magazine, 2015