DescriptionThroughout human history people have moved across national borders. With the advent of globalization, they are now moving in record numbers in search of greater security or better livelihoods. Diasporas have become an ever important and visible presence in the modern world. Their existence has sometimes resulted in violence and ethnic conflict, and on other occasions they have been peacefully assimilated into the culture and citizenship of their chosen country.
This comprehensive new book seeks to explain why Diaspora communities are increasing as never before. In an accessible and engaging introduction to the field, Milton Esman looks closely at the difference in the reception of Diaspora communities throughout the world, and the responses of those communities to their new nations. By focusing on ten examples of contemporary Diasporas from Asia, the Middle East, Europe and the Americas, the book describes and illustrates the problems confronting immigrant communities as they attempt to protect their inherited culture, while coping with the demands and the opportunities they encounter in their adopted country. The book pays particular attention to the types of conflicts that arise from the development of Diaspora communities, and the consequences that these conflicts can have on the international community.
This book will be essential reading for students and scholars taking courses in international relations, political sociology, ethnic politics and conflict studies.
Chapter 1 What are diasporas, why do they matter? 3
Chapter 2 Definition and classes of diasporas 13
Chapter 3 Contemporary case studies 22
3a. North Africans in France 22
3b. Overseas Chinese: Malaysian, Thai, Japanese 35
3c. Zionists in Palestine 48
3d. Ukrainians in Canada 60
3e. The “Russian” diaspora in Israel 69
3f. Afro-Brazilians, 1531–2008 76
3g. Palestinians in Kuwait 84
3h. Mexicans in the United States 88
Chapter 4 Problems and processes of adaptation 100
Chapter 5 Diasporas and international relations 120
Chapter 6 Diasporas and ethnic conflict 133
Chapter 7 Diasporas and public policy 149
Chapter 8 Prospects and outcomes 167
Runnymeade's Quarterly Bulletin
"Milton Esman's highly original and insightful new book focuses on a hitherto underanalyzed type of ethnic conflict that is of crucial and growing importance in the 21st century. It is both a superb example of comparative analysis and a rich source of persuasive policy recommendations."
Arend Lijphart, University of California, San Diego
"Using examples from four continents, Milton Esman documents the major variations determining whether diasporas adjust to their host societies, continue to evince a predominant loyalty to their homelands or evolve a hybrid set of attachments. By his analytical clarity and pointed illustrations, the author has made a noteworthy contribution to diaspora studies."
Robin Cohen, University of Oxford
"A wide ranging and insightful analysis of the distinctive trajectories that diasporic groups experience. Esman deftly illuminates the challenges posed by large-scale movements of people and charts the potential pathways for incorporating migrant communities into their new host societies."
Margaret Weir, University of California, Berkeley
- written by an internationally respected scholar in the field of Diaspora studies
- examines the role of migration in creating conflict and change both for the migrants themselves and the societies in which they settle
- written with exemplary clarity and avoids the use of jargon
- completely up-to-date and full of diverse examples drawn from recent developments including the 2008 attacks on refugees from Zimbabwe