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Drying, Roasting, and Calcining of Minerals

Drying, Roasting, and Calcining of Minerals

Thomas P. Battle, Jerome P. Downey, Lawrence D. May, Boyd R. Davis, Neale R. Neelameggham, Sergio Sanchez-Segado, P. Chris Pistorius, TMS

ISBN: 978-1-119-09332-9

Feb 2015

312 pages

Select type: O-Book


The papers in this volume give the reader focused information on the important extractive metallurgy unit operations of drying, roasting, and calcining
Preface ix

About the Editors xi

Session Chairs xv


Sulfation Roasting of a Bornite Flotation Concentrate to Optimize Silver Extraction in a Ferric Chloride Leach 3
R. Foy, S. Lloyd, B. Steinbom, and J. Downey

Chlorination Roasting of Rare Earth Element Oxides 11
D. Gaede, B. Ruffier, J. Downey, J. Chorney, L. Twidwell, R. Foy, and K. Lyons

Bromination Roasting of Rare Earth Oxides 19
B. Ruffier, D. Gaede, J. Downey, L. Twidwell, J. Chorney, R. Foy, and K. Lyons

The Advantages of Thermal Analysis Prior to Bench-Scale Roasting 27
T. Salisbury and J. White

Extraction of Indium from Zinc Oxide Flue Dust by Microwave Sulfation Roasting and Water Leaching 35
J. Chang, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and J. Chen

Behavior of Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth at Roasting Temperatures 43
R. Padilla and M. Ruiz

Characterization of Physico-Chemical Changes during the Alkali Roasting of Niobium and Tantalum Oxides 51
S. Sanchez-Segado, A. Ruzaidi, Y. Zhang, and A. Jha

Mechanism of Na2S04 on Refractory Gold Concentrate at Roasting Pretreatment 59
Q. Li, J. Hu, Y. Yang, B. Xu, and T. Jiang

Drying and Calcining

Optimization on Drying of CuCl Residue by Hot-Air Using Response Surface Methodology 73
Z. Guo, S. Ju, T. Lei, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and F. Jiang

Application of Kumera Steam Dryers in Mineral Processing 81
C. Berg, S. Chen, and H. Mansikkaviita

Dielectric Properties and Microwave Drying Characteristics of CuCl Residue 89
Z. Guo, S. Ju, T. Lei, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and F. Jiang

Moisture Dependent Dielectric Properties and Microwave Drying Behavior of Zirconium Hydroxide 97
A. Ma, X. Zheng, L. Zhang, J. Peng, S. Li, and Y. Zuo

Optimization of Microwave Drying of Salt with Response Surface Methodology 105
B. Wang, L. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Peng, H. Xia, and Z. Li

The Impact of Calcination Conditions on Production of Magnesium by the Magnatherm Process 113
J. Sever

Calix Calciner: A Green Application in the Production of Magnesium 121
J. Sever

Modeling and Design of Experiment in Calcination of Magnesites 127
B. Chakrabarti

Study on Effect of Untreated and Calcined Olivine on Low Silicon Pellet Production Process and Quality 135
G. Qing, K. Wu, S. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. Ma

Fluidization, Reduction Roasting, and Microwave Treatment

Fluidization and Magnetization Roasting Technology Research on Siderite .. 145
W. Chen, Z. Liao, X. Liu, L. Zhang, J. Li, andX Liu

The Temperature Behavior and Microwave Thermo Gravimetric Analysis Characteristic of Ammonium Paratungstate in a Microwave Field 153
G. Sheng-Hui, C. Fang, P. Jin-Hui, and Z. Lie-Xing

Green Evaluation of Microwave Shaft Furnaces 161
J. Chen, G. Chen, and J. Peng

Behavior of Phosphorus during Reduction Roasting of Oolitic Hematite Ore with High-Phosphorus Content 169
G. Li, C. Ouyang, M. Rao, Y. Zhang, and S. Zhang

Effect of Additives on Phase Transformation of Nickel Laterite Ore during Low-Temperature Reduction Roasting Process Using Carbon Monoxide 177
S. Zhou, B. Li, Y. Wei, H. Wang, C. Wang, and B. Ma

Effect of Temperature on Reduction Roasting of Low-Grade Iron Ore after Granulating with Coal 185
Z. Huang, R. Zhong, J. Zou, and T. Jiang

Thermo-Physical Properties of Petroleum Coke during Calcining Graphitization Process 193
M. Long, J. Sheng, T. Liu, D. Chen, Y. Yang, S. Gong, and C. Chen

Induration and Sintering

Prediction of Non-Isothermal Oxidation of Magnetite Pellets 203
P. Pistorius and M. Tang

Monitoring the Ring Formation in Rotary Kiln for Pellet Firing 209
D. Zhu, X. Zhou, Y. Luo, J. Pan, C. Zhen, and G. Huang

Study on the Improvement of Preheating and Roasting Characteristics of Pellet Made by Organic-Bentonite Compound Binder 217
Y. Guo, T. Duan, A. Travyanov, T. Jiang, S. Wang, and F. Zheng

Effects of Anthracite on Pelletization of Hematite Ore 225
Z. Tang, M. Rao, Y. Zhang, and G. Li

Preparation of Straw Char by Preformation-Carbonization Process and Its Application in Iron Ore Sintering 233
X. Fan, Z. Ji, M. Gan, X Chen, L. Yin, and T. Jiang

Influence of Modified Biomass Fuel on Iron Ore Sintering 241
M. Gan, X. Fan, Z. Ji, X Chen, T. Jiang, G. Li, and Z. Yu

The Phase Transformation of Baiyunebo Iron Ore Treated with Reductant Sintering 249
B. Bai, Y. Guo, L. Yang, G. Gao, and J. Zhang

Sintering and Energy Use

Effect of Sinter Basicity on Sinter Productivity and Quality with High Rate of Recycled Materials 259
M. Zhang, M. Coe, and M. Andrade

Research on NOx Reduction by Applying Coke Breeze Pretreated with Urea Additive in Iron Ore Sintering Process 269
X Fan, Z. Yu, M. Gan, X. Chen, Y Huang, T. Jiang, and G. Li

The Generation Ability of Liquid Phase for Mixture of Iron Ore Powders and Lime: Prediction, Characterization and Influencing Factors 277
C. Ji, X. Lv, X. Zheng, C. Ding, and R. Zhang

Author Index 289

Subject Index 291