DescriptionThis ground-breaking volume sets out an original model of the dynamics of language processing, which can be used to explain the structural properties of language in a simple and elegant way. The model is introduced both informally and formally, and is applied to a range of languages.
Natural Language as a Formal Language?.
Underspecification in Language Processing.
The Representational Theory of Mind.
Pronominal Anaphora: Semantic Problems.
The Problem of Multiple Ambiguity.
The Problem of Uniqueness.
The Problem of Indirect Reference.
Syntactic Processes of Anaphora.
The Anaphora Solution -- Towards a Representational Account.
2. The General Framework.
A Preliminary Sketch.
The Data Structures of the Parsing Model.
Basic Tree Structures.
Partial Tree Structures.
Descriptions of Tree Structures.
3. The Dynamics of Tree Building.
The Parsing Process - A Sketch.
A Basic Example.
A Left-Dislocation Example.
Verb-final Languages and the Grammar-parser Problem.
The Parsing Process Defined.
Pragmatic Actions and Lexical Constraints.
4. Linked Tree Structures.
Relative Clauses -- Preliminaries.
The LINK Relation.
The Data Reviewed.
The Analysis -- A Sketch for English.
Defining Linked Tree Structures.
Relativisers Annotating Unfixed Nodes.
Relatives: Towards a Dynamic Typology.
Relativisers Projecting a Requirement.
Variation in Locality.
Topic Structures and Relatives.
Variation in Order -- Head-Final Relatives.
The Potential for Lexical Variation.
Genitive Constructions as LINK Structures.
5. Wh Questions: A General Perspective.
The Semantic Diversity of wh Questions.
Scopal Properties of wh Expressions.
Wh-initial vs wh-in-situ Structures.
Wh-in-situ from a Dynamic Perspective.
Expletive wh Structures.
Partial Movement as a Reflex of a Requirement.
Wh Expressions and Scope Effects.
6. Crossover Phenomena.
Crossover -- The Problem.
Crossover -- The Dynamic Account.
Crossover in Relatives.
Crossover Phenomena in Questions.
7. Quantification Preliminaries.
Scope Effects and Indefinites.
Applications -- E-type Anaphora.
8. Reflections on Language Design.
The Overall Perspective.
Underspecification and the Formal Language Metaphor.
English is not a Formal Language.
Wellformedness and Availability of Interpretations.
Universals and Language Variation.
On Knowledge of Language.
9. Appendix: The Formal Framework.
Feature Decorated Tree Construction.
The Structure of Goal-directed Pointed Partial Tree Models.
Actions over Goal-directed Partial Tree Models.
Finite Binary trees.
"This is an important book and ... the ideas presented in it deserve the close attention of syntacticians and semanticists." Linguist List
- Sets out an original model of language processing to explain the structural properties of language.
- Re-opens the debate on basic methodological assumptions of linguistic theory.
- Written by leading figures in the fields of linguistics and logic.