List of Figures.
List of Illustrations.
Notes on Contributors.
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND.
Why 'Kinship'? New Questions on an Old Topic (Wendy James).
A Brief Overview of Human Evolution (John A. J. Gowlett and Robin Dunbar).
PART I Where and When: The Archaeological Evidence for Early Social Life in Africa.
1 Kinship and Material Culture: Archaeological Implications of the Human Global Diaspora (Clive Gamble).
2 Deep Roots of Kin: Developing the Evolutionary Perspective from Prehistory (John A. J. Gowlett).
PART II Women, Children, Men – and the Puzzles of Comparative Social Structure.
3 Early Human Kinship Was Matrilineal (Chris Knight).
4 Alternating Birth Classes: A Note from Eastern Africa (Wendy James).
5 Tetradic Theory and the Origin of Human Kinship Systems (Nicholas J. Allen).
6 What Can Ethnography Tell Us about Human Social Evolution? (Robert Layton).
PART III Other Primates and the Biological Approach.
7 Kinship in Biological Perspective (Robin Dunbar).
8 The Importance of Kinship in Monkey Society (Amanda H. Korstjens).
9 Meaning and Relevance of Kinship in Great Apes (Julia Lehmann).
10 Grandmothering and Female Coalitions: A Basis for Matrilineal Priority? (Kit Opie and Camilla Power).
PART IV Reconstructions: Evidence from Cultural Practice and Language.
11 A Phylogenetic Approach to the History of Cultural Practices (Laura Fortunato).
12 Reconstructing Ancient Kinship in Africa (Christopher Ehret).
13 The Co-evolution of Language and Kinship (Alan Barnard).
Reaching across the Gaps (Hilary Callan).
Appendices to Chapter 12.
Stanley Ulijaszek, University of Oxford
"An international collection of leading figures in paleontology, linguistics, geography and anthropology consider the transition from the biological kinship of primates to social kinship of modern humans which also marks the transition to language and the social control of the environment."
R.H. Barnes, University of Oxford
"For too long, studies of the cultural and the genetic aspects of kinship have proceeded in isolation from one another. This volume marks the beginning of what promises to be a fruitful conversation between evolutionary biology and social anthropology."
Daniel Nettle, Newcastle University
"Early Human Kinship brings together exciting new perspectives from a range of human sciences. Useful for teaching, it will also encourage further cross-disciplinary research into the origins of human kinship, and therefore of humanity itself."
Robert Parkin, University of Oxford
"This important book puts the study of kinship back in the center of deep history-exactly where nineteenth century anthropology first found it. Welcome back!"
Thomas Trautmann, University of Michigan
"In the middle of last century, Lévi-Strauss advanced that our ancestors came out of their animal state as the result of two “big bangs”. Symbolic thinking and language, he claimed, suddenly appeared, and humans were then able to leave off bedding their sisters or their daughters, and instead exchange them for other men’s daughters. Thus the incest taboo and male domination were sufficient to promote our ancestors from a state of nature to one of culture. Today the authors of Early Human Kinship show that these “big bangs” never happened and that the ancestors of modern humans shook off their original animal state through a series of transformations that began with the appearance of Homo erectus and the domestication of fire (500,000 BP). It was above all the development of our ancestors’ cognitive capacities that enabled them to imagine and gradually to put into practice various social forms of sexual intercourse and to decide that the children born of these unions belonged to a given group of adults considered to be their kin. Kinship relations have always formed systems, but they have never been the only founding principle of any society."
Maurice Godelier, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
- A major new collaboration between specialists across the range of the human sciences including evolutionary biology and psychology; social/cultural anthropology; archaeology and linguistics
- Provides a ground-breaking set of original studies offering a new perspective on early human history
- Debates fundamental questions about early human society: Was there a connection between the beginnings of language and the beginnings of organized 'kinship and marriage'? How far did evolutionary selection favor gender and generation as principles for regulating social relations?
- Sponsored by the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland in conjunction with the British Academy