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Echinoderm Aquaculture

Nicholas Brown, Steve Eddy

ISBN: 978-0-470-96038-7 September 2015 Wiley-Blackwell 384 Pages


Sea urchins and sea cucumbers are highly sought after delicacies growing in popularity globally. The demand for these species is rapidly outpacing natural stocks, and researchers and seafood industry personnel are now looking towards aquaculture as a means of providing a sustainable supply of these organism.  Echinoderm Aquaculture is a practical reference on the basic biology and current culture practices for a wide range of geographically diverse echinoderm species.

 Echinoderm Aquaculture begins by examining the basic ecology and biology of sea urchins and sea cucumbers as well as the breadth of uses of these organisms as a source of food and bioactive compound. Subsequent chapters delineate the specific species of interest invarious geographic regions from around the world. Together, chapters provide a comprehensive coverage of culture practices.

Echinoderm Aquaculture is a practical reference for researchers and industry personnel, and will serve as an invaluable resource to this rapidly growing segment of the aquaculture industry.

List of Contributors vii

Part I: Biology and Exploitation of Echinoderms

Chapter 1 Sea Urchin Ecology and Biology 3
Larry G. Harris and Stephen D. Eddy

Chapter 2 Use and Exploitation of Sea Urchins 25
Jenny Sun and Fu-Sung Chiang

Chapter 3 Sea Cucumber Biology and Ecology 47
Matthew Slater and Jiaxin Chen

Chapter 4 Use and Exploitation of Sea Cucumbers 57
Matthew Slater

Part II: Sea Urchin Aquaculture

Chapter 5 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in Japan 77
Tatsuya Unuma, Yuichi Sakai, Yukio Agatsuma, and Takaaki Kayaba

Chapter 6 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in China 127
Hui Liu and Ya-qing Chang

Chapter 7 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in Norway 147
James P., Siikavuopio S.I., and Mortensen A.

Chapter 8 Aquaculture of the Green Sea Urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis in North America 175
Stephen D. Eddy, Nicholas P. Brown, and Larry G. Harris

Chapter 9 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in Scotland 211
Maeve Kelly, Stefano Carboni, Elizabeth Cook, and Adam Hughes

Chapter 10 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in Australia 225
Jane E. Williamson

Chapter 11 Sea Urchin Aquaculture in New Zealand 245
M.F. Barker

Chapter 12 Enhancing the Commercial Quality of Edible Sea Urchin Gonads – Technologies Emphasizing Nutritive Phagocytes 263
Charles W. Walker, S.A. Böttger, Tatsuya Unuma, Stephen A. Watts, Larry G. Harris, Addison L. Lawrence, and Stephen D. Eddy

Part III: Sea Cucumber Aquaculture

Chapter 13 Sea Cucumber Farming in Japan 289
H. Katow, S. Okumura, Y. Sakai, and C. Shibuya

Chapter 14 Sea Cucumber Aquaculture in China 317
Jiaxin Chen and Yaqing Chang

Chapter 15 Sea Cucumber Farming in Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam) 331
Ambo Tuwo and Joeharnani Tresnati

Chapter 16 Sea Cucumber Aquaculture in New Zealand 353
P. Heath, J. Stenton Dozey, and A. Jeffs

Index 361