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Ecosystems at the Land-Sea Margin: Drainage Basin to Coastal Sea

Ecosystems at the Land-Sea Margin: Drainage Basin to Coastal Sea

Thomas C. Malone (Editor), Alenka Malej (Editor), Lawrence W. Harding Jr. (Editor), Nenad Smodlaka (Editor), R. Eugene Turner (Editor)

ISBN: 978-1-118-66509-1

Mar 2013, American Geophysical Union

382 pages

Select type: O-Book


Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 55.

Nutrient and contaminant inputs to estuaries and coastal seas, the exploitation of living resources, translocation of nonindigenous species, and habitat loss or modification are among the most significant and sustained anthropogenic alterations of coastal ecosystems. Although the chapters that follow touch on all of these issues, the causes and consequences of nutrient enrichment are emphasized. Nutrient enrichment of estuaries and coastal seas has increased dramatically in recent decades, largely as a consequence of the combustion of fossil fuels and land-use patterns in coastal watersheds related to increases in population density and agriculture. How these changes and the compounding effects of meteorological events and local?]regional expressions of global climate change will play out in terms of ecosystem dynamics are important questions that will drive research and monitoring in the coastal zone for decades to come.

Thomas C. Malone ix

1. Introduction
Nenad Smodlaka, Thomas C. Malone,/tlenka Malej, and Lawrence W. Harding, Jr. 1

2. The Chesapeake Bay and Northern Adriatic Sea Drainage Basins: Land-Cover and Nutrient Export
Steven W. Seagle,Romano Pagnotta, and Ford A. Cross 7

3. Shallow Water and Shoreline Ecosystems of the Chesapeake B ay Compared to the Northern Adriatic Sea: Transformation of Habitat at the Land-Sea Margin
]. Court Stevenson,Janez I. Marusic, Bartolo Ozretic, Anna Marson, Giovanni Cecconii, and Michael S. Kearney 29

4. The Inland Sea: Circulation of Chesapeake Bay and the Northern Adriatic
W. C. Boicourt, M. Kuzmic, and T. S. Hopkins 81

5. Production and Fate of Phytoplankton: Annual Cycles and Interannual Variability
Lawrence W. Harding, Jr., Danilo Degobbis, and Robert Precali 131

6. Dinofiagellate Blooms and Mucilage Production
Kevin G. Sellnet and Serena Fonda-Umani 173

7. Distributions and Trophic Implications of Microzooplankton
D. Wayne Coats and Noelia Revelante 207

8. Potential Links of Jellyfish to Eutrophication and Fisheries
Jennifer E. Purcell, Alenka Malej, and Adam Benovid 241

9. Macrobenthic Communities and Eutrophication
Roger I. E. Newell and Jorge A. Ott  265

10. Pelagic-BenthicC ouplinga nd Nutrient Cycling
W. M. Kemp, J. I. Faganeli, S. Puskaric, E. M. Smith, and W. R. . Boynton 295

11. Fisheries' Trends in Catches, Abundance, and Management
E. D. Houde, S. Julukid-Peladic, S. B. Brandt, and S. D. Leach 341

12. Summary and Conclusions
Alenka Malej, Lawrence W. Harding, Jr., Nenad Smodlaka, and Thomas C. Malone  367