Part I: From Dualism to Common-sense Functionalism.
1. The Flight from Dualism.
The Issue Between Dualism and Materialism.
Possible Worlds: An Introduction.
2. Behaviourism and Beyond.
The Case for Behaviourism.
Methodological and Revisionary Behaviourism.
Problems for Behaviourism.
The Path to Functionalism via a Causal Theory.
The Causal Theory of Mind.
3. Common-sense Functionalism.
Common-sense Functionalism Expounded.
Interconnections without Circularity.
Behaviour Characterized in Terms of Environmental Impact.
What Does Common Sense Say about the Mind?.
Part II: Rivals and Objections.
4. Theory of Reference.
The Description Theory of Reference.
The Causal Theory.
The Necessary A Posteriori.
5. Empirical Functionalisms.
Common-sense Functional Roles as a Reference-fixing Device.
Chauvinism and Empirical Functionalism.
6. The Identity Theory.
The Identity Theory and Functionalism.
Some Early Objections to the Identity Theory.
Token–Token versus Type–Type Identity Theories.
Essentialism about Psychological States.
7. Four Challenges to Functionalism.
The China Brain.
The Chinese Room.
The Zombie Objection.
8. Phenomenal Qualities and Consciousness.
The Question of Qualia.
Representationalism and Perceptual Experience.
9. Instrumentalism and Interpretationism.
Part III: About Content.
10. The Language of Thought.
The Language of Thought Hypothesis.
The Map Alternative.
What is the Problem of Content?.
The Map Theory.
The Internal Sentence Theory.
Problems for the Map-system Theory.
Problems and Questions for the Internal Sentence Theory.
Connectionism and the Map-system Theory.
13. Broad and Narrow Content.
Deflationism about Broad Content versus Scepticism about Narrow Content.
Part IV: Explaining Behaviour: Eliminativism and Realism.
14. Eliminative Materialism.
The Case for Eliminativism.
The Functionalist Reply to Eliminativism.
Natural Kinds and Scientific Reductions.
15. Psychological Explanation and Common-sense Functionalism.
Three Questions for Common-sense Functionalism.
'This is a very significant text in psychological and educational testing. It provides a very clear guide to the Certificate of Competencies in Educational Testing (British Psychological Society, Level A). It will be invaluable to those seeking the Level A Certificate or those who just want to gain more insight into educational testing.' Katherine Fingleton, National Association of Principal Educational Psychologists
"This comprehensive book provides excellent coverage of the knowledge underpinning competence in educational testing. It will be a useful resource for professionals working in education who are looking for a key reference to support the development of good practice in test administration, scoring and interpretation. Its accessible style and structure means that this book will be an indispensable manual for anyone undertaking the British Psychological Society’s Certificate of Competence in Educational Testing." Dr Sandra Dunsmuir, University College London
"This book fills a major gap for those wishing easy access to information required by the BPS's CCET (Certificate of Competence in Educational Testing) Level A, or those simply wishing to update their knowledge. The emphasis on qualitative and ethical issues (as well as quantitative scores) are strong points. This book is a thorough, valuable and accessible reference for all those involved in educational testing." Irvine S. Gersch, University of East London
“Educational Testing: A Competence-Based Approach is clear and
concise, offering just what those who use tests in educational settings
need to understand … Boyle and Fisher clearly took
the time to plan well, and they included just what is necessary to
adequately understand, select, administer, and interpret tests for use in
educational settings. I highly recommend that all those who do so add
this little volume to their collection of useful references.” PsycCRITIQUES, American Psychological Association
- Educational Testing provides support for those undertaking training in, and for training providers of, the Certificate of Competence in Educational Testing (CCET) (Level A)
- Written by the designers of the certificate and endorsed by the BPS's Steering Committee on Test Standards
- Covers the 71 elements of the CCET in detail, describing each core competence and providing model answers and examples
- Acts as a ‘course text’ for those in training
- Offers an indication of the range of ways in which the core competences may be assessed by the Assessor, based upon the existing BPS Guidance for Assessors document
- Includes appendices to: offer guidance on BPS Standards, a glossary of technical terms, useful web-sites and on-line resources and Test Publishers Addresses.