About the Author.
1.1 The Power Delivery Chain in a Vertically Integrated Utility.
1.2 The Power Delivery Chain in a Market Environment.
2. Energy, Load, and Generation Technologies.
2.1 Energy, Power, and their Measurements.
2.3 Generation Technologies.
3. The Grid.
3.1 Fundamentals: Load, Generation, and Alternating Current.
3.2 Grid Equipment.
3.3 Grid Reliability and Contingency Requirements.
3.4 Grid Confi guration.
3.5 Grid Operations.
3.6 Blackout August 14, 2003.
4. Short-Term Utility Planning.
4.1 Planning and Execution of Dispatch: Day-Ahead Planning Through Real-Time Delivery.
4.2 Day-Ahead Demand Forecasting: Load and Ancillary Service Requirements.
4.3 Least-Cost Dispatch in a Single Control Area: A Simple Model.
4.4 A Solution Using Profi t Maximization.
4.5 Least-Cost Dispatch in a Single Control Area with Operating Constraints.
4.6 Least-Cost Dispatch in a Single Node with Spinning Reserve and Regulation.
4.7 Least-Cost Dispatch in a Network.
4.8 Real Time.
5. Long-Term Utility Planning.
5.1 Project Development.
5.2 The Planning Process.
5.3 Long-Term Load Forecasting.
5.4 A Simplifi ed Look at Generation Capacity Additions.
5.5 Generation Additions and Retirements Within a Single Control Area.
5.6 Generation Additions and Retirements with Transmission to a Single Control Area.
5.7 Generation Additions and Retirements and Transmission Additions Within a Network.
5.8 Reserve Reuqirements.
6. Midterm Utility Planning.
6.1 Informational Requirements.
6.2 Formulation of the Optimization Problem.
7. A Market Environment.
7.1 Principles and Architecture.
7.2 Short-Term Market Design: Day-Ahead Scheduling Through Real-Time Delivery.
7.3 Long-Term Market Design: No Clear Solutions.
7.4 Midterm Market Design.
8. Asset Management in Short-Term Markets.
8.2 Power Producers.
8.3 Integrated Energy Companies.
9. Investment Analysis: Long-Term Planning in a Market Environment.
9.1 Investment Setting in Utility and Market Environments.
9.2 Project Analysis for a Merchant Plant.
9.3 Power Purchase Agreements (Long-Term Contracts).
10. Risk Management in the Midterm Markets.
10.1 Retailer Risk.
10.2 Power Producer Risk.
10.3 A Quick Risk Primer in Statistics for Risk Management.
10.4 Risk Management in Midterm Markets: Retailers.
10.5 Risk Management in Midterm Markets: Power Producers.
10.6 Risk Management in Midterm Markets: Integrated Electricity Suppliers.
11. The California Experience.
11.1 Market Fundamentals.
11.2 Short-Term Market Structure: The CALPX, CAISO, and Other Market Participants.
11.3 Fatboy, Get Shorty, Ricochet, and Death Star.
11.4 Market Contrast: PJM and California.