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Electromechanical Motion Systems: Design and Simulation

Electromechanical Motion Systems: Design and Simulation

Frederick G. Moritz

ISBN: 978-1-118-35978-5

Nov 2013

312 pages

Description

An introductory reference covering the devices, simulations and limitations in the control of servo systems

Linking theoretical material with real-world applications, this book provides a valuable introduction to motion system design. The book begins with an overview of classic theory, its advantages and limitations, before showing how classic limitations can be overcome with complete system simulation. The ability to efficiently vary system parameters (such as inertia, friction, dead-band, damping), and quickly determine their effect on performance, stability, efficiency, is also described. The author presents a detailed review of major component characteristics and limitations as they relate to system design and simulation.

The use of computer simulation throughout the book will familiarize the reader as to how this contributes to efficient system design, how it avoids potential design flaws and saves both time and expense throughout the design process. The comprehensive coverage of topics makes the book ideal for professionals who need to apply theory to real-world situations, as well as students who wish to enhance their understanding of the topic.

 • Covers both theory and practical information at an introductory level, allowing readers to advance to further topics having obtained a strong grounding in the subject
• Provides a connection between classic servo technology and the evolution of computer control and simulation
• VisSim demonstration material available on an accompanying website enabling readers to experiment with system examples

Acknowledgements xiii

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Targeted Readership 2

1.2 Motion System History 2

1.3 Suggested Library for Motion System Design 5

Reference 6

2 Control Theory Overview 7

2.1 Classic Differential/Integral Equation Approach 7

2.2 LaPlace Transform-the S Domain 10

2.3 The Transfer Function 13

2.4 Open versus Closed Loop Control 15

2.5 Stability 22

2.6 Basic Mechanical and Electrical Systems 23

2.7 Sampled Data Systems/Digital Control 28

References 34

3 System Components 35

3.1 Motors and Amplifiers 35

3.2 Gearheads 107

3.3 Leadscrews and Ballscrews 119

3.4 Belt and Pulley 126

3.5 Rack and Pinion 129

3.6 Clutches and Brakes 132

3.7 Servo Couplings 140

3.8 Feedback Devices 146

References 164

Additional Readings 165

4 System Design 167

4.1 Position, Velocity, Acceleration, Jerk, Resolution, Accuracy, Repeatability 167

4.2 Three Basic Loops – Current/Voltage, Velocity, Position 170

4.3 The Velocity Profile 182

4.4 Feed Forward 195

4.5 Inertia 200

4.6 Shaft Compliance 210

4.7 Compensation 216

4.8 Nonlinear Effects 224

4.9 The Eight Basic Building Blocks 230

References 253

5 System Examples – Design and Simulation 255

5.1 Linear Motor Drive 255

5.2 Print Cylinder Control 257

5.3 Conveyor System – Clutch/Brake Control 261

5.4 Bang-Bang Servo (Slack Loop System) 267

5.5 Wafer Spinner 272

Appendix 275

A.1 Brushless Motor Speed/Torque Curves 275

A.2 Inertia Calculation – Excel Program 277

A.3 Time Constants versus Viscous Damping Constant 277

A.4 Current Drive Review 279

A.5 Conversion Factors 285

A.6 Work and Power 286

A.7 I2R Losses 287

A.8 Copper Resistivity 290

Index 291

Speed Torque Curve data chart
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Figure 3.9
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Figure 3.12
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Figure 3.24
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Figure 3.44
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Figure 3.48
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Figure 3.57b
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Figure 4.11
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Figure 4.13
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Figure 4.14
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Figure 4.16
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Figure 4.18
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Figure 4.43
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Figure 4.55
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Figure 4.56
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Figure 4.60
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Figure 4.64
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Figure 5.1
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Figure 5.8
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Figure 5.13
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Website Introduction
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