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Emulsions, Foams, and Suspensions: Fundamentals and Applications

Emulsions, Foams, and Suspensions: Fundamentals and Applications

Laurier L. Schramm

ISBN: 978-3-527-60688-7

May 2006

463 pages

$232.99

Description

Until now colloid science books have either been theoretical, or focused on specific types of dispersion, or on specific applications. This then is the first book to provide an integrated introduction to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in the process-related industries.
The primary focus is on the applications of the principles, paying attention to practical processes and problems. This is done both as part of the treatment of the fundamentals, where appropriate, and also in the separate sections devoted to specific kinds of industries. Throughout, the treatment is integrated, with the principles of colloid and interface science common to each dispersion type presented for each major physical property class, followed by separate treatments of features unique to emulsions, foams, or suspensions.
The first half of the book introduces the fundamental principles, introducing readers to suspension formation and stability, characterization, and flow properties, emphasizing practical aspects throughout. The following chapters discuss a wide range of industrial applications and examples, serving to emphasize the different methodologies that have been successfully applied.
Overall, the book shows how to approach making emulsions, foams, and suspensions with different useful properties, how to propagate them, and how to prevent their formation or destabilize them if necessary.
The author assumes no prior knowledge of colloid chemistry and, with its glossary of key terms, complete cross-referencing and indexing, this is a must-have for graduate and professional scientists and engineers who may encounter or use emulsions, foams, or suspensions, or combinations thereof, whether in process design, industrial production, or in related R&D fields.
PREFACE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
INTRODUCTION
The Colloidal State
Classification of Emulsions, Foams, and Suspensions
Characterization and Stability
DISPERSED AND DISPERSED SPECIES CHARACTERIZATION
Surface Area, Porosity, and Permeability
Size and Size Distribution
Conductivity
Sedimentation, Creaming, and Centrifugation
Characterization of Emulsions
Characterization of Foams
Characterization of Suspensions
INTERFACIAL ENERGETICS
Surface Area
Surface and Interfacial Tensions
Pressure and Curved Surfaces
Contact Angle and Wettability
Surfactants and Micelles
Applications of Surface Activity
Other Lyophilic Colloids: Microemulsions
ELECTROKINETICS
Charged Interfaces
Electric Double Layer
Electrokinetic Phenomena
Electrostatic Properties in Nonaqueous Media
COLLOID STABILITY
Electrostatic and Dispersion Forces
DLVO Theory and Practice
Hydration and Steric Effects
Additional Stabilizing Influences
Kinetics
Destabilization of Colloids
COLLOID RHEOLOGY
Principles
Measurement
Non-Newtonian Flow Properties
Other Viscosity Nomenclature and Parameters
Dispersion Rheology
Surface Rheology
Flow in Pipelines and Constraining Media
PREPARATION, INHIBITION, AND DESTRUCTION OF DISPERSIONS
Preparation
Destruction and/or Inhibition
INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL AND INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
General Uses
Emulsions
Foams
Suspensions
Hazards
APPLICATIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
Introduction
Rocks, Sediments, and Soils
Environmental Soil Remediation
Water and Wastewater Treatment
Spills and Other Hazards
Environmental Foam Blankets
MINING AND MINERAL PROCESSING APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Hydraulic Mining and Hydrotransport
Mineral Flotation
Tailings and Tailings Ponds
Dust-Suppressing Foam Blankets
PETROLEUM INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS
Oilwells and Near Wells
Reservoirs
Surface Operations
MANUFACTURING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Papermaking
Emulsions for Road Paving
Metalworking
Cleaning Processes
Surface Coatings including Paints and Inks
Polymer Synthesis
Ceramic Manufacture
Fire Fighting Foams
FOOD PRODUCT AND AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction to Food Colloids
Stabilizing Agents
Preparation
Stability
Protein-Stabilized Emulsions
Non-Protein-Stabilized Emulsions
Foam Food Products
Other Food Colloids
Introduction to Agricultural Colloids
BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Vesicle Carriers
Polymer Coatings
Emulsion Carriers
Collids in Diagnostics
PERSONAL CARE PRODUCT APPLICATIONS
Introduction
Detergents, Shampoos
Cosmetic Skin Care Products
Other Personal Care Products
EMERGING AREAS IN EMULSIONS, FOAMS, AND SUSPENSIONS
Smart Colloids
Nanodispersions
Combatting Terror Agents
GLOSSARAY OF EMULSION, FOAM AND SUSPENSION TERMINOLOGY
Introduction
Terms
INDEX
FIGURE CAPTIONS
REFERENCES
"This book will be useful to researchers in many disciplines in academia or industry - including chemists, physicists, material scientists, pharmacists and chemical engineers - who are entering the fascinating world of colloid and interface science." (Chemistry World)

“…an integrated approach to the nature, formation and occurrence, stability, propagation, and uses of the most common types of colloidal dispersion in process-related industries.” (Materials World, May 2007)